This study seeks to measure the factors related to social media functionality in the tourism industry promotion and its impact on the formation of Tourist Value Creation. This study hypothesized that media presence, information sharing, relational bonds, conversation, and reputation impact in tourist value creation (influence tourist planning/ taking trips). This study uses a quantitative research approach, with a cross-sectional design and a descriptive purpose. Each of the variables is measured using a 5-point Likert scale (the number of the items varied in each scale). This study distributed questionnaires online, using non-probability sample. The SPSS program is used to analyze the collected data. Based on this study’s outcome, all the hypotheses were supported except for one hypothesis. Social media functionality related to conversation development, information sharing, online presence, and reputation impact tourist value creation. Relationship building through social media was deemed insignificant. This study seeks to provide noncommercial accumulated and up-to-date knowledge in the discipline. Industry practitioners can apply the empirical findings from this academic research to their businesses in order to remain competitive.
Defamation and Other Torts Affecting the Reputation According United Kingdom Legislation and Jurisprudence (Published)
Everyone living in a society has a reputation and self-respect in the society and wants to exercise this without any interference from others. The tort of defamation is to protect individuals right of reputation in the society from being exploited and provides individuals with the actions which can be brought in the courts of law if they have been defamed by the publishment of an statement that is untrue about them and has an effect on the reputation of the individual in front of the society. There are some torts which have been developed to compensate for damaged reputations, just as others have emerged which compensate for bodily injury. In addition to compensation, equally important is the need for injunctions to prevent threatened damage to the reputation. The relevant torts are libel, slander, injurious falsehood, malicious prosecution. In this paper I will analyze the diverse types of torts in relation with UK legislation and jurisprudence in comparison with ECHR jurisprudence, in the light of recent developments of case-law.