ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RANGELAND REHABILITATION IN IRAQ COMPARED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF JORDAN (Published)
The research focused on one of the important topics in the Iraqi economy, is the rehabilitation of natural pastures include (Northern Badia and desert island and Western Badia South and the desert), and through the distribution of (200) questionnaire, the good ones (175) on livestock breeders (sheep, goats and camels), in some the villages of the western area in Iraq and displaying Samawah as well as livestock farmers in Erbil / Kurdistan region to solicit their views, use statistical software spss to know the reasons for the deterioration of pastures, showing that each of the (repeated cycles of drought, logging), have a significant effect because of the apparent values of those paragraphs which are less than (0.05), and it enhances the appearance of the value of t calculated higher than the tabular, which amounted to (-5.517, 4.386), respectively . As shown by the results of the analysis that (the accumulation of sand) is one of the manifestations of pasture degradation, the fact that the fixed value of less than 0.05, the most significant and this shows more influential in pasture degradation, this is proven by the value of t)) calculated (3.489), the largest of its value tabular the (2,3). As the analysis has found that the most powerful influences on the economic and social situation of the population of the region is (low productivity per head and immigration), the fact that the constant value for both workers is less than (0.05) in terms of the emergence of (t) calculated higher than the tabular. All of these reasons was the reason for the rise in feed prices, and declining numbers of livestock, well as been identified the most important programs that help rehabilitate pastures, and the most prominent of those affecting the improved pasture variables quantity and quality is to improve the environmental situation and biodiversity, and this is proven by the value (t) calculated the (-4.325), (3.925), which is higher than the amount of tabular (-2.030) morale level (5%) of either programs (improved living conditions, employment opportunities, increase commercial activity), it has been shown through the analysis of their influence is weak in the improvement and rehabilitation pastures.