Tag Archives: religious tolerance

Bahal Temple as an Outdoor Learning Medium for Religious Tolerance (Published)

The purpose of this research is to find a medium of outdoors learning. In practice, this study employs a qualitative approach with the method of observation, interviews, literature review and documentation. Bahal Temple I, II and III can be utilized as a medium of learning. The existence of Bahal temple as a medium of outdoor learning hasn’t been used as an instrument in teaching and learning process between teachers and students. This is due to lack of knowledge of the teachers or education provider institutions such as the Department of Education in Indonesia. Bahal temple I, II and III can be used as a medium of learning because it has educational values, namely: tolerance, religious values, the value of art and architecture, historical value, the value of diversity, and recreational value.

Keywords: Bahal Temple, Education, Outdoor Learning Medium, religious tolerance


This paper examines the history of easel painting on libation art in post-independence Ghana in relation to Nkrumah’s non-statutory cultural policy of inculcating libation art in national state functions. Through a visual analytic approach of post-colonial paintings on the subject matter by two pioneering contemporary Ghanaian artists, and analysis of musical libation into hiplife, it concludes that libation is a beneficial intangible cultural heritage permitted by Ghana’s constitution and international laws and must be reinstated at state functions. It posits that though libation shares peculiar religious characteristic verticality with Christian and Islamic prayers, the nation owes no apology to any religious sect for pouring libation at state functions as it has been the case for over five decades after independence. It recommends that a libation manual must be made to encourage its practice by young ones in order to ensure its preservation for the current and future generations

Keywords: Cultural Heritage, libation, prayer, religious tolerance, traditional worship