This paper is a review of contemporary relativism as a human dignity problem. It began with a conceptual review and a wholesome analysis of the variables as contained. Relativism stipulates from the analysis made that moral principles are not universal, but contextual; thus, “members of one community do not fairly judge or reject certain conventional social practices. Relativism, in its most severe form, rejects the existence of valid cross-cultural criteria for assessing human rights policies and exempts from public scrutiny, certain differences in social norms and institutions. Relativism is a dynamic term whose philosophical origins lie in debates about relativism in science theory and language theory. Usually, relativism is presented in contrast to realism, which is the belief that what is real and true happens independently of the mind. Where epistemological, social, economic, and cognitive relativism of several different forms are present. It is widely reported that one aspect (e.g. moral principles, information, and meaning) relates to a particular context (e.g. the person subject, a society, or a language). Although cultural relativism provides sociology with a reflexive and critical method, political and moral conservatives continue to despair about the effect of cultural relativism on analytical discourse and the change away from the objective, measurable principles as the measure of all claims to reality. Nevertheless, some scholars have suggested that cultural relativism can be embraced without compromising a commitment to the concept of moral values, or human rights.
Anomy and Postmodern Relativism (Published)
The presented study deals with philosophical analysis of modern and postmodern notions of public space. The actual problem of relativism in European culture is a consequence of essentialism, the belief that the world, reality or universe, has some inner essence which cannot be grasped in the language. Text analyzes the two main themes. Firstly, the treatise attempts at an philosophical analysis of the category – public space. It points out the dissension between the traditional and postmodern definition of this conception and the consequences resulting from these different attitudes. As far as the methodology is concerned, the study is based on French postmodern philosopher J. F. Lyotard, presenting the postmodern approach as a greater contribution. In postmodern public area we can meet two basic types of dissentions, while only the first of them can be solved by further grow of specialization and the expertlike know. The second part of the study discusses Richard Rorty’s philosophy, influence of Rorty’s ideas on solving some traditional philosophical topics, especially the question of relativism. Richard Rorty’s untraditional, provocative and inspiring version of neo-pragmatism enables us to view all the theories created so far by human culture as a case with tools. Physics and astronomy can be seen as a way to cope with some aspects of the Universe, philosophy, religion or literature as ways that help us cope with other aspects of the reality. One form of research results in statements, another in images, mathematical equations or stories. The emphasis is put on the analysis of the influence of neo-pragmatism and continental postmodernism on Rorty’s writings.