Tag Archives: Relation

Relation Analysis of International Cocoa Prices and Indonesian Cocoa Farmers’ Price after Export Tax Policy on Cocoa Beans (Published)

The government of Indonesia imposed export tax on cocoa beans since April 2010. This policy has objectives to guarantee the availability of domestic cocoa beans as raw materials for domestic processing companies at an affordable price. The aim of this paper is to analyse the relation of cocoa prices between international price and farmers’ price after export tax implementation. The method utilized in the analysis is Vector Autoregression or Vector Error Correction depending on the characteristic of the data. The results show that, in the short-run relation and the long-run relation, international price has a significant effect to domestic price. There is strong correlation between the export taxes to farmer’s price as the international price is well transmitted to the domestic price. Farmers has the highest risk. Farmer encounter the uncertainty and it cause on decreasing cocoa beans production. Lack of cocoa beans supply impacts to cocoa processing industry

Keywords: Cocoa, Export Tax, Farmers, Price, Relation

Looking For Factors and Reasons That Has Relation with Difficulties and Problems (Published)

This study aims at investigating the basics factor and reasons that has relation with difficulties and problems. The study also aims at identifying these factors, showing the kind of factors, introducing reasons in details and suggest suitable solution. For these purpose, research questions are posed. The study focus on factors makes problems and difficulty. Translation is viewed as a number of problems of different kinds that require suitable and possible solutions. English and Arabic belong to two different language families Germanic and semitic, therefore difficulty will definitely arise. Some grammatical features of both languages pose problems in translation from Arabic into English or vice versa. Arab students should know that English grammar is not identical with Arabic grammar so we cannot translate each other in a straightforward way.

Keywords: Factors, Problems, Reason, Relation, difficulties, translation