The Image of the Jew in the Saudi Novel (Published)
The character of the Jew in literature is character that motivates the Arab reader most because it evokes a long history of conflicts between the Arabs and Jews. This study found that the texts of the Saudi novel that tried to employ the character of the Jew are few and limited and there causes for this which the study deals in detail. The study traces the texts of the Saudi novel in which the character of the Jew appears and introduces. The study tries to give answers to questions that represent the objectives and requirements of its goals. These questions are: How does the character of the Jew appear in the novels? What are its most obvious dimensions? From which perspectives is the character introduced? What is the vision that the Saudi novel introduces regarding the character of the Jew? To give answers to these questions, the study discusses the works of the following Saudi writers: Zainab Hanafi, Turki Alhamad, Omaima Khamis, Abdullah Sa’d, Ghazi al-Qussaibi, Abd al-Wahhab Al Mar’ie, Muhammad Abdo Yamani, Khoqir Issam, Abu Aqil al-Zahiri. The study employs the element of narratology, mainly its semantic aspect. It also relies on certain tools of the psychological methodology.
ANGER AND REJECTION- THE RHETORIC AND DIALECTICS OF VIOLENCE IN ANGLOPHONE CAMEROONIAN POETRY (Published)
Change and development are embodied in the principle of dialectics and the aesthetics of violence. Gahlia Gwangwa’a, Mathew Takwi and Bate Besong in their poetry write with the conviction, orientation and consciousness that if something is not done, society will slowly but surely drift to the precincts of insanity. The radicalism and the rhetoric of violence reflected in their poetry attest to this. From this standpoint, this paper sets out to demonstrate that Gwangwa’a, Takwi and Besong in their respective collections, Cry of the Destitute (1995) People Be Not Fooled (2004) and Disgrace: autobiographical narcissus, (2007) express anger and frustration with regard to the dismal and abysmal state of socio-political affairs in Cameroon which culminate in the rejection of the neocolonial political systems. The argument of this paper is predicated on the premise that third generation Anglophone Cameroonian poets like Gwangwa’a, Takwi and Besong are radical and revolutionary in their poetic works because they use their poetic works to protest against victimization, oppression and lack of social justice in the Cameroonian society. They are as angry as they are impatient. Their poetic works are artistic missiles and arsenals that embody the rhetoric of violence. Drawing largely from the socialist realism of Lukacsian-Marxist artistic paradigms, this study underscores the fact that Gwangwa’a, Takwi and Besong’s poetic vision aspires to explore and capture the reality in the Cameroonian society. Thus, this study reveals that this poetry has made conscientisation, revolts and violence its campaign themes to overcome the impedimenta that have made life a real drudgery and nightmare.