Effectiveness of Post-Mining Rehabilitation Activities at Restoring Macro and Micro Nutrients to Degraded Mine Sites in the Western Region of Ghana (Published)
The clearing of large tracks of land for surface mining has serious effects on vegetation, soil and the ecosystem as a whole. As a result, such lands need to undergo post-mining rehabilitation in order to restore their value and productivity. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of reclamation activities at some degraded mine sites located in the Damang area of the western region of Ghana, based on soil nutrients availability. Levels of macro and micro nutrients in five reclaimed sites and one undisturbed site, used as control, were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. For the macro nutrients, the control site recorded the highest values of 0.27% and 8mg/kg for Nitrogen and Phosphorus respectively while the lowest values of 0.04 % and 1.2mg/kg were recorded at RS2 and RS1 respectively. Also, the highest value for Iron, 33.3mg/kg, was recorded at CS with the lowest value of 3.1mg/kg recorded at RS1. All the values of the micro-nutrients were within the permissible levels set by the FAO. The results generally indicate that the reclamation exercise is achieving some degree of success. Regulatory agencies should undertake continuous monitoring of reclamation activities to ascertain their success or otherwise.
Revitalizing Counsellor Education for Peace and National Integration in Nigeria: Rehabilitating a Nation in Trauma. (Published)
In Nigeria, there are issues of terrorism, youth restiveness, hate speech, disintegration, lawlessness occasioned by kidnapping, ritual killings, banditry, armed robbery, as well as heightened corruption among other vices. Issues of this nature need the role of counsellors when stakeholders are formulating critical policies for national integration. Nigeria is currently in trauma having been besieged on all fronts by all manner of impunity in all facets of our national life. Hence, it is on this premise that this paper examined how counsellor education can be rebranded and revitalized to mitigate the scourge of all these threats to our nationhood. In this paper, the authors underscored the need to revitalize counsellor education to produce counsellors that can effectively use appropriate counselling skills and approaches to foster peace and national integration in Nigeria. virtues such as religious tolerance, patriotism, dignity of labour, peaceful co-existence, unity in diversity, honesty among others have been conceptualized as veritable instruments for peace and national integration through counsellor education in theory and practice. Consequent upon this, the authors recommended that well trained counsellors should enlighten students on the need for unity and integration among Nigerians. Seminars and workshops should equally be organized by counsellors in collaboration with the government, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders in order to discuss and tackle contemporary issues for peace and national integration and stability.
Drug addiction is a complex illness. It is characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that persist even in the face of devastating consequences. Counsellors therefore need to study and develop multi-faceted drug intervention models that are “drug specific” to the addiction at hand. One size does not fit all. This paper looks at the various approaches to rehabilitation used to enhance recovery of alcoholics and drug abusers in registered inpatient rehabilitation centres in Kenya. A descriptive study that used a qualitative approach was carried out. The study focused on all the residential drug rehabilitation centres in and around Nairobi. The Study Sample included the counselors directly dealing with the treatment of clients in these centres. A two level questionnaire was used to establish the treatment models used in the various in patient drug rehabilitation centres from the respondents, using a qualitative key informant interview. Data was analysed and presented using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found out that various models of treatment were used for treatment of clients admitted in drug rehabilitation centres in Nairobi. The commonly used models included the 12 step program of the Minnesota model, Therapeutic community model, Medical model and in most places a mixture of the various models.