Mythopoesis or Myth-making is believed to be the earliest attempt at interpreting natural occurrences that humans made. Myths are traditional stories of heroes or supernatural beings. They also attempt explaining a people’s cosmology or aspects of human experience. In contemporary times, literary artists integrate traditional mythological themes and prototypes into contemporary fiction for the purpose of addressing contemporary issues; thus, making myths relevant. Africa has a crop of myth-makers, and Okpewho (1983) classifies them into four: tradition preserved, tradition observed, tradition refined and tradition revised. The first two groups of myth-makers are not too far removed from the traditional myths. The case is however different with the other two. These writers reject the traditional elements and create new stories that fit into new cultural perspectives. This research used Okpewho’s definition and classification of myths as a conceptual framework to analyze Ayi Kwei Armah’s Osiris Rising: A Novel of the Past, Present and Future. It was discovered that Armah used the Egyptian myth of Osiris, god of regeneration, as basis for a new myth that addresses more contemporary pressing issues such as education and the roles of educators and the educated in the process of Africa regeneration.
IQBAL’S VIEWS ON GLORIOUS NATIONAL HISTORY OF THE MUSLIMS IN PRE-COLONIAL SUBCONTINENT BEING “COLONIZED INTELLEGENTIA” IN MUSLIM: AN ANALYSIS IN COLONIAL PERSPECTIVE (Published)
In this paper I have analyzed the practices of colonized intelligentsia that how they contribute in liberal movements by contest the colonial legacies in the mindset of their nation. Strategies of colonized intellectuals are also focused on in what way they invest their passions to make conscious their nation. In this regard it will also analyze that how intellectuals of colonized nation revive their glorified and dignified past. I will use the framework of post colonialism. Frantz fanon’s assumptions will be used as a theoretical background. These assumptions will be applied on Iqbal’s poetry regarding nationalism.
RENOVATION OF THE WORLD`S DETERIORATED TEXTURES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE STANDARD CRITERIA ELICITATION (Published)
Cities have been consisted of many deteriorated textures. The renovation designs have been provided due to many problems the residents face with. These designs are not always successful. Lack of specific patterns or enough experience regarding the intervention in the deteriorated textures is one of the reasons of these designs failure. Therefore, this paper attempts to investigate the intervention in the deteriorated textures with an overall insight to the experiences of some countries. Paying attention to the social, cultural and economic status of the residents, providing the required infrastructures, paying attention to the ownerships, and promoting the public cooperation level are the important indices in most of the renovation designs. The purpose of the present research is to study the role of renovation and reconstruction in the world`s deteriorated textures descriptively.