The Politics of Forgiveness and Reconciliation: A Way Out of the Dynamics of Conflict and Revenge (Published)
In fact Forgiveness may be contrary to human logic that often yields to the dynamics of conflict and revenge. But forgiveness is inspired by the logic of love. One needs to forgive others as well. The new person is a forgiven person, a person who makes restitution, a person who is honest about failings and weaknesses, a person who is open to the future and who recognizes the dignity of all. This paper calls all men and women and politicians across the globe to a stubborn fact that forgiveness is a key to peace and love which we as individuals and the world in general need today more than ever to effect a genuine and lasting healing and eschew reprisal conflict and revenge.
The Image of the Jew in the Saudi Novel (Published)
The character of the Jew in literature is character that motivates the Arab reader most because it evokes a long history of conflicts between the Arabs and Jews. This study found that the texts of the Saudi novel that tried to employ the character of the Jew are few and limited and there causes for this which the study deals in detail. The study traces the texts of the Saudi novel in which the character of the Jew appears and introduces. The study tries to give answers to questions that represent the objectives and requirements of its goals. These questions are: How does the character of the Jew appear in the novels? What are its most obvious dimensions? From which perspectives is the character introduced? What is the vision that the Saudi novel introduces regarding the character of the Jew? To give answers to these questions, the study discusses the works of the following Saudi writers: Zainab Hanafi, Turki Alhamad, Omaima Khamis, Abdullah Sa’d, Ghazi al-Qussaibi, Abd al-Wahhab Al Mar’ie, Muhammad Abdo Yamani, Khoqir Issam, Abu Aqil al-Zahiri. The study employs the element of narratology, mainly its semantic aspect. It also relies on certain tools of the psychological methodology.
Reconciling the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) and the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) Institutional and Theoretical Framework (Published)
This paper examines the development of the capital assets pricing model (CAPM), which was developed by William Sharpe and John Lintner. It also looked at the various assumptions of CAPM and APT, and the contribution of Ross to the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) in explaining the relationship between risk and return. The CAPM indicates that a linear relationship exists between a security required rate of return and its beta. The empirical verification of risk-return relationship indicates the mean-variance efficiency of the market proxy.