Development of Exposition Text Writing Teaching Material Based on Reciprocal Teaching Method for Students Class X Sma Negeri 1 Kisaran (Published)
This study aims to know the results of the development of exposition text writing teaching material based on reciprocal teaching method in students class X SMA Negeri 1 Kisaran. The research method used is research and development (R & D) method proposed by Sugiyono refers to Borg & Gall model. The trial subjects consisted of 3 students with individual trials, 9 students with small group trials, and 36 students with limited field trials. Data collection techniques used are observation, interview, questionnaire and expository writing test. The results show that: (1) material expert validation includes content feasibility with an average of 83.59% on very good criteria, presentation feasibility with an average of 87.5% on very good criteria, and language aspects with an average of 86,53% on very good criteria, (2) validation of design experts with an average of 94.16% on very good criteria, (3) teacher response with an average of 92.64% on very good criteria, (4) individual testing with an average of 78.47% on good criteria, (5) small group trial with an average of 84.72% on very good criteria, and (6) limited field trial with an average of 88.02% on very good criteria. The result of the writing test of the expository text of the students before using the module is 70, while the learning result of the writing test of expository text after the students using the module increased by 84.72. The difference is 14.72 from before to after. This proves that the teaching material to write exposition texts developed can improve student learning outcomes by using reciprocal method. The implication of this research is to give a practical contribution especially in the implementation of learning for teachers as additional teaching materials and as a means to assist and facilitate students in understanding the material of exposition texts thus they can be applied to their respective lives.
The Effect of Reciprocal Teaching and Group Investigation toward Students’ Critical Thinking Skill (Published)
This quasi-experimental research aims to examine the differences effect of reciprocal teaching and group investigation models on students’ critical thinking skills. The students of social science grade 11 of Senior High School 6 Kendari Indonesia was assigned to be the subject of this research. Student’s critical thinking skill is measured using essay test (with reliability coefficient equal to 0,874). The normality of data is determined using Shapiro-Wilk test, and the homogeneity of the data is determined by the Levene test. The research hypotheses are tested by using student’s t-test. The results reveal that there is any significant difference in students’ critical thinking skill before and after the application of reciprocal teaching model. There is any significant difference in students’ critical thinking skills before and after the application of group investigation model. The critical thinking skills of students taught by the reciprocal teaching model are better than those taught by group investigation model. Thus, if we want to improve students’ critical thinking skills, especially, in economic subjects then one of the alternatives that can be used is the application of reciprocal teaching model.