The purpose of this article is to build a scale allowing students to get reliable, scientific, and complete perceptions of their engagement in physical education (PE) classes. The study’s findings were based on traditional sports science research methods such as document synthesis and analysis, expert interviews, and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient testing of the questionnaire’s reliability. To measure student engagement in physical education, the authors developed a questionnaire with 19 items covering three aspects: intellectual engagement: 06 items, cognitive engagement: 06 items, and learning engagement (active learning): 7 items. The results indicated that students have a positive perception of PE’s meaning and roles, but they are not totally involved in intelligence and active learning.
Reality, Information, and Intelligent Observer (Published)
This paper identifies scientific path to fact of realty through its observed information.
It Connects Reality, Information and its Observer. Connection reality and information allows measuring each observed reality in bits of information and providing constructive math formalism, method, math tool, and applications to uncover reality from observation. The identifying path describes the observing formation of the Observer logic, memory, cognition, encoding an Intelligent Observer consciousness, motor function; and enable creating AI intellectual brain in the discrete reality
Al-Ansari’s Bassma and Pearce’s Tom’s Midnight Garden: The Journey from Reality to Fantasy (Published)
This study aims at drawing a distinction between the world of fantasy and reality in Al-Ansari’s novel Bassma and Pearce’s Tom’s Midnight Garden. It investigates how the protagonists in both novels travel from the world of reality which is full of hopelessness, despair, and loss to the world of fantasy full of hope, happiness, and maturity. In other words, the study explores how the world of reality makes both protagonists create an imaginary or mythical world to compensate for what they lost in the world of reality and to entertain the freedom of childhood period. The study methodology is based on the comparative close reading analysis, in which some quotes are selected from both novels to illustrate the protagonists’ journey from reality to fantasy. The study concludes that in the children and young adult literature, most protagonists travel from the world of reality to fantasy in order to become self-actualized, mature, experienced, and to restore the joyful moments of childhood
ABOLITION OF NON-PARTY CARETAKER GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH: CONTROVERSY AND REALITY’ (Published)
The Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, in 1996, introduced the Non-Party Caretaker Government (NCG) system in Bangladesh, with a view to holding free and fair elections for the national Parliament. Three elections have been successfully carried out under the NCG system (1996, 2001, 2008). The unique form was brought into effect due to extreme distrust between the ruling and the opposition political parties. Bangladesh’s people were mostly satisfied with this system, as NCG performed its duties successfully. However, the NCG was abolished by the Parliament in 2011 on the basis of an adverse decision of the Supreme Court. The political Parties (ruling and main opposition) are engaged in a confrontation now over whether the elections will be held under NCG or under the current, political, Government. This paper intends to explore the reasons for and realities of the abolition of NCG. The research fully depends on secondary literature. The study reveals that NCG is still indispensable to ensure free and fair elections, considering the present political culture in Bangladesh.
Fantasy versus Authenticity in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child (Review Completed - Accepted)
Doris Lessing, the Nobel Laureate, is known as one of the most prominent British novelists. Adorned with many achievements she focuses on the identity as a major issue though here both the protagonists (Harriet and David) fail to build their own identity. The aim of this paper is to show the importance of dreams or fantasies in our practical life. In The Fifth Child the novelist has merged reality and imagination altogether. David and Harriet have fantasy or earlier dreams to have a big (traditional) family. Though in the era of sixties the bulk of society had changed its mind in relation to women and the family but Harriet and David neglect the drawbacks of a big family. And they also feel good with their family until they get the fifth child, Ben, who is abnormal. Even with the pregnancy of Ben Harriet feels much trouble and unnatural. Due to this child the relation between Harriet and David becomes bitter and troublesome. They feel the reality of life that is quite different from their imagination. Ben is sent to an orphanage but Harriet takes him back to home that is more problematic. Neither of the parents can love Ben because they are afraid of him and his monstrous activities. Thus this paper relates subconscious state of mind to the consciousness through the fantasies or dreams.