Enhancing Skills of Teaching and Learning EFL at Tertiary Level Using Culture-Based Approach and Cognitive Perspective (Published)
Today, Englishes is concerned with the expansion of English around the world and with its development into distinctive first, second and foreign language varieties, these having been subject to different classifications and models of analysis. In most universities in Vietnam English is the compulsory subject and the requirement set for English level among graduate students is getting more demanding. The reason is policy makers and curriculum designers are oriented by international exams to modify their English programs. Hence, students are required to produce free writing as well as achieve an adequate reading ability and some other skills. Nonetheless, many of them cannot cope with the program as they encounter difficulties both objective and subjective. This paper examines possible subjective and objective hindrances among Vietnamese students as well as Asian students, the goals they should hit in today era and solutions to tackle with the problem. Here it proposes the use of culture-based approach and cognitive perspective to pinpoint Asian thinking and its influence on English performance and to find an answer to improving students’ skills with detailed analysis on activities to be implemented in English classes. More importantly, the paper also gives implications for curriculum designers in order to make teachers, learners and topic learning into consideration as it is a significant factor in determining quantity, quality, and nature of classroom interaction. The aim of this paper is to raise stakeholders’ awareness of TESOL professionals about the cultural issues related to language education and to provoke further research, thought, and discussion about ways in which theories and practices can be applied in ESL/EFL teaching situations.
The past few years have seen much discussion about the teaching of reading comprehension to EFL learners. What has traditionally occurred in the average EFL classroom appears to be more like the testing, rather than the teaching, of reading comprehension. This paper discusses how far EFL teaching of reading comprehension has kept up with the research, and specifically, whether EFL teaching has remained in touch with some of the more recent views that have led to the development of new methods of teaching reading skills. The paper examines how EFL course-books published during the past two decades address the teaching of reading comprehension at intermediate levels and beyond. In particular, it considers the selection of texts, the types of activities used, and the reflection of current views on the teaching of reading comprehension.
Analyzing Classroom Strategy: Improving Comprehension and Reading Skills by Evaluating the Concept Mapping Technique at SSC Level in Pakistan (Review Completed - Accepted)
This study documents the usage of Concept Mapping in the teaching-learning situation of English at SSC Level. The study is descriptive and analytical in nature which tries to investigate the effects which Concept Mapping renders in the academic environment in the context of ESL classroom setting. The research offers strategies for the adopting certain techniques and up gradation of the content taught at the mentioned level by the inculcation of such techniques. Overall, the study produced a range of implementable outcomes by a pervasive discussion of Concept Mapping, the role of the textbooks, the importance of adding the technique to the contents of ESL classroom setting. For data collection and data analysis, two classes were selected. Both were taught the same content under controlled conditions. The concept mapping technique in the class guided the learners towards the improved way of learning the text of second language