Tag Archives: Quality of life

Mobbing and Its Association with Quality Of Life in Health Professionals (Published)

Background and objectives: The impact of mobbing on the quality of life of Health Professionals (HP) has been studied to a limited extent in Greece. The purpose of this study is the effect of mobbing and the effect of demographic characteristics on the quality of life of health professionals. Materials and Methods: In the present cross-sectional study HP from 11 public Greek hospitals are involved. The sample was (N = 1536) HP, (A = 528) and (C = 1008), average age 39.2 years (SD = 10.3 years). A demographic data form and two tools were used anonymously, self-fulfilling. The World Health Organization questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) that measure the quality of life and the WPVB that measures violent psychological behaviour in workplaces. The two-sided level of statistical significance was set at 0.05, while the data analysis was performed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 22.0. Results: Women had lower scores in the Mental Health Scale and the quality life level of independence compared to men (p = 0.003). The tendency of individuals to declare that they had no health problem was associated with higher scores in the four domains of life quality (p <0.001). The tendency of individuals to declare that they have been subjected to mobbing in all domains (p <0.001) was associated with poor quality of life in all its factors (p <0.001). Married suffering mobbing reported better QOL (p = 0.003) and a healthier environment (p = 0.012) than married with children with poor QOL (p = 0.001), poor physical (p <0.001) and mental health (p = 0.009) and reduced social relationships (p = 0.001). The HP (doctors and nurses) with overall mobbing score, p = 0.001, had a better mental health and better social relations than those HP, who worked as Administrative and Technical Staff. Support by friends, relatives, family showed that they are associated with a better quality of life in all its factors. Health Professionals suffering any form of mobbing (p<0,001) have a poor quality of life (p<0,001), poor physical (p<0,001) and mental health (p<0,001) and poor social contacts (p<0,001). Conclusions: Taking into account the results of statistical controls on the effect of mobbing, demographic and other factors (sex, age, job, working years, etc.), it was found that mobbing negatively affects the QOL in general as the working environment is affected, their socio-demographic profile of both genders  and their physical, mental and social well-being. Further studies are needed to show the universality of these results.

Keywords: Health, Quality of life, Working Environment, health professionals, mobbing, occupational health

The Effect of Diminishing Urban Green Spaces on Environmental Quality in Kisumu City (Published)

Green spaces contribute to aesthetics and environmental quality of life in urban areas. Kisumu City, the study area, has been experiencing demographic, environmental, economic, socio-spatial and institutional challenges leading to loss of green spaces. The main problem addressed by the study was dysfunctional use of green spaces leading to their loss, aesthetic value and low environmental quality. The study objective was to determine the effect of spatial change of urban green spaces on environmental quality. Data were both qualitative and quantitative and were collected through observation, interviews, questionnaires, photography, remote sensing and Geographic Positioning System (GPS). Qualitative research focused on site-specific analysis of urban and peri-urban neighbourhoods in Milimani and Nyalenda, respectively, which were purposively sampled. Results showed that area under green in 2005 was 44.8% while in 2004 it was 24.87% showing  a decrease of 55.5%. However, in 2010, there was a temporary increase of green space of 51.82% due to demolitions to pave way for road expansion leading to decrease in carbon sink, resulting in increase in carbon footprint. This has led to low environmental quality. The study projects that by the year 2030, without proper planning interventions, the city will lose all its urban green cover. The research recommends the use of remote sensing for creating land-use inventory and monitoring systems. Citizen involvement in planning and management of urban green spaces is recommended because this will transform ecotourism in Kisumu City.

Keywords: Change Detection, Green Planning, Open Space, Quality of life, land use

Psychological Concerns among Adult Cancer Patients Attending Oncology Clinic at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya (Published)

There is an increased chance of developing psychological and psychiatric disorders during Cancer diagnosis. This has consequently impacted on patient’s state of health and medical treatment. Psychiatric disorders are experienced by cancer patients at all stages of the disease. There is evidence of growing numbers of people diagnosed with cancer every year, in the developing countries.  Kenya among them continues to have this burden growing. A critical part of cancer care is the recognition of the levels of psychological problems that present among patients with cancer and determination of the appropriate level of intervention, ranging from brief counselling or psychological interventions and social support to medication and specific coping styles. This paper aims to determine the psychological issues among adult cancer patients as seen at the oncology clinic of Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret. The study took a cross-sectional and descriptive approach focusing on patients diagnosed with cancer. The author used interview guide, designed socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for adults (M.I.N.I Plus) instrument in data collection.  Data analysis was done using Microsoft excel worksheet and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.  Results were presented in form of tables, charts and graph swith majority of the patients being females as compared to males. Breast cancer and cervical cancer were found to be the most forms affecting the respondents with most patients being diagnosed at the advanced stages. Depression episode, dysthymia and Suicide risk were among others the identified Psychological issues affecting the respondents.

Keywords: Adjustments, Cancer, Coping, Diagnosis, Psychological concerns, Quality of life

Psychological Concerns among Adult Cancer Patients Attending Oncology Clinic at MOI Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya (Published)

There is an increased chance of developing psychological and psychiatric disorders during Cancer diagnosis. This has consequently impacted on patient’s state of health and medical treatment. Psychiatric disorders are experienced by cancer patients at all stages of the disease. There is evidence of growing numbers of people diagnosed with cancer every year, in the developing countries.  Kenya among them continues to have this burden growing. A critical part of cancer care is the recognition of the levels of psychological problems that present among patients with cancer and determination of the appropriate level of intervention, ranging from brief counselling or psychological interventions and social support to medication and specific coping styles. This paper aims to determine the psychological issues among adult cancer patients as seen at the oncology clinic of Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret. The study took a cross-sectional and descriptive approach focusing on patients diagnosed with cancer. The author used interview guide, designed socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for adults (M.I.N.I Plus) instrument in data collection.  Data analysis was done using Microsoft excel worksheet and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.  Results were presented in form of tables, charts and graph with majority of the patients being females as compared to males. Breast cancer and cervical cancer were found to be the most forms affecting the respondents with most patients being diagnosed at the advanced stages. Depression episode, dysthymia and Suicide risk were among others the identified Psychological issues affecting the respondents.

Keywords: Adjustments, Cancer, Coping, Diagnosis, Psychological concerns, Quality of life

Analysis Life Quality of Urban Areas Residents in the City Of Fahraj (Published)

Quality of life is one of the most important issues facing the world today and of social policy development is the basic topics that issues such as welfare, promote Quality of life, health and basic needs, growing and unsatisfactory life, altruism and selflessness in the midst of the in human include. So in this regard the goal of the present research is the assessment of the life quality of urban areas and the case study is the city of Fahraj. The research method is analytic-descriptive and based on library, documentary and field studies. The results of AHP model show that the criterion of E (Family life) with weight of (0.254) is in the first place and the criterion of B (material excellence) with weight of (0.121) is the last place.

Keywords: Development, Fahraj, Quality of life, Urban Areas