Tag Archives: Public-Private Partnership

Principles Of Public-Private Partnership Approach For Providing Sustainable Social Housing Projects In New Egyptian Cities (Case Study: Experience Of Orascom Social Housing Project In 6 October City) (Published)

Egyptian government concerns nowadays with providing affordable housing for low-income individuals to face rapid population growth and avoid building informal housing in urban areas through suggestion new social housing projects which will establishment in new cities. On the other hand there is a decreasing in government funding for housing projects, especially social housing projects , therefore ministry of housing is looking for alternative sources of funding such as public-private partnership approach (PPP) to reduce the government financial allocation for housing projects and get a benefit from Previous successful experiences of private sector in this field. PPP approach  is one of housing policies that government released after 1970 for low- income housing  which has been applied  in new Egyptian cities after 2005 ( youth housing projects), where many companies participated with government in housing development during the period from 2005 to 2011. Through this participation ,the government allocated land for investors in the new cities such as (Six October , El Obour and Sheikh Zayed ..) cities Within the framework of the National project for Housing  (Mubarak Youth Housing Project) to provide housing units with an area (63 m2) beside the Profitable investment projects for private sector . This policy had many pros and cons that must be considered and solved in new projects to achieve the balance between public , private and low-income groups objectives and requirements. Therefore the objective of this paper is to identify the main principles of Public-private partnership approach for providing social housing projects in new Egyptian cities according to a review of previous experiences of other countries, recommendations of International authorities such as (UN- Habtit 2011) and finding challenges of implementing Public-Private Partnerships  in  new Egyptian cities (Experience of  Orascom company for social housing in 6 October city – Haram City). These principles include ( selection of suaitable ppp type – improving PPP skills – development of legal framework..) that must be applied in new Egyptian cities to produce sustainable social housing. 

Keywords: Affordable social housing, Housing Project, Public-Private Partnership

Principles of Public-Private Partnership Approach for Providing Sustainable Social Housing Projects in New Egyptian Cities (Case Study: Experience of Orascom Social Housing Project in 6 October City) (Published)

Egyptian government concerns nowadays with providing affordable housing for low-income individuals to face rapid population growth and avoid building informal housing in urban areas through suggestion new social housing projects which will establishment in new cities. On the other hand there is a decreasing in government funding for housing projects, especially social housing projects , therefore ministry of housing is looking for alternative sources of funding such as public-private partnership approach (PPP) to reduce the government financial allocation for housing projects and get a benefit from Previous successful experiences of private sector in this field. PPP approach is one of housing policies that government released after 1970 for low- income housing  which has been applied  in new Egyptian cities after 2005 ( youth housing projects), where many companies participated with government in housing development during the period from 2005 to 2011. Through this participation ,the government allocated land for investors in the new cities such as (Six October, El Obour and Sheikh Zayed ..) cities Within the framework of the National project for Housing  (Mubarak Youth Housing Project) to provide housing units with an area (63 m2) beside the Profitable investment projects for private sector . This policy had many pros and cons that must be considered and solved in new projects to achieve the balance between public , private and low-income groups objectives and requirements. Therefore the objective of this paper is to identify the main principles of Public-private partnership approach for providing social housing projects in new Egyptian cities according to a review of previous experiences of other countries , recommendations of International authorities such as (UN- Habtit 2011) and finding challenges of implementing Public-Private Partnerships  in  new Egyptian cities (Experience of  Orascom company for social housing in 6 October city – Haram City). These principles include ( selection of suaitable ppp type – improving PPP skills – development of legal framework..) that must be applied in new Egyptian cities to produce sustainable social housing. 

Keywords: Affordable social housing, Mubarak Youth Housing Project (National project of housing), Orascom company project (Harm city in October city), Public-Private Partnership, Social Housing

SERVICE QUALITY LEVEL AND THE PERCEPTION OF CUSTOMERS: A STUDY ON NIJHOOM TOURS – A 5* RATED TRAVEL AND TOURISM COMPANY IN BANGLADESH (Published)

The study investigates and measure the service quality level of Nijhoom – through SERVQUAL-model statements that means that we measure customer expectations and customer perceptions and make a comparison between different areas of service given by the organization. (Parasuraman et al, (1990), to do this Five-Point Likert Scale has been used to survey on tourists. The study actually reveals the state of service quality level and the customer perception on this service and whether the service quality level, its standard and customer perceptions are able to increase market share in the industry and be able to make a strong brand image. The current study aims to analyze the performances of The Nijhoom Tours by focusing on the SERVQUAL dimensions. The main purpose of the study is to measure the service quality level of customers and their perceived value of the services given by the Nijhoom Tours. The study also has the objective to find out and analyze the service gaps.as well as on the basis of service gaps and other findings, a comprehensive recommendations will be given. The study found that different service quality and dimensions bound customers to perceive service quality differently and its service quality level is moderate though it is leading company in the country. So the company should analyze the customer expectations first and then it should make a diagram so that the company can give the best services to the customers

Keywords: Competitive Advantage. Customer expectations, Customer perceptions, Customers’ Satisfaction, Public-Private Partnership, SERVQUAL-model., Service Quality Dimension, Sustainable tourism, Tourists Behavioral Patterns