Epublic Health Significance of Nutrients, Heavy Metal and Total Heterotrophic Bacteria Interaction in Water Bodies in Port Harcourt and Its Environs (Published)
Water is an essential commodity for all living things. It is an inorganic compound that can exist in solid, liquid and gaseous state under normal condition. The quality of any water body depends on certain factors such as the absence and or very neglectable amount of Total Heterotrophic bacteria count, heavy metal including physicochemical parameters among others. This study was carried during the dry season of 2021, and accounts for groundwater, surface and well water in Abuloma, Borikiri, Eagle-Island, Fimie, Macoba-Isaka, Ruekini and Rumuokoro respectively. Water samples were collected in 10ml sterile containers and labeled appropriately. Sample for the River was collected at the pelegial level stoppered while submerged. Sample from the boreholes and hand-dogged wells were collected in line with the American Public Health Association (APHA, 2107). The samples for the determination of heavy metal contents were fixed with 2 drops of concentrated trioxonitrate (V) acid (HNO3) while that for microbial analysis were preserved in ice chests to inhibit the activity of microbes and were sent to the laboratory for further analysis. Results indicated that the nutrients (NO3–, SO43- and PO42-) values appeared insignificant (i.e., values are within the acceptable levels) when compared with European Union guidelines for water consumption except PO42- for well water at Rumuekini and Rumuokoro respectively. The THBC factor was high in Abuloma for all the nutrients in surface water. Also, in well water, at Eagle-Island, Pb appeared elevated above the European Union standard for drinking water quality. Thus, it is recommended that well water from Eagle-Island be treated (i.e., the removal of Pb) to ensure it quality and safety for human consumption.
Community Perception on Air Pollution and Public Health: A Case of Ewekoro And Remo-North Communities in Ogun State, Nigeria (Published)
Air pollution has become an issue of concern in Nigeria with its consequent effects on human health. Hence, this study is an empirical investigation on community perception on the effect of air pollution on public health in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Ewekoro and Remo-North local government areas in Ogun State. The focus study area was Ewekoro as a result of the activities of LAFARGE Cement factory in the community. Primary data were used for the study. A total of 200 structured questionnaires were distributed to respondents through systematic random sampling techniques to elicit information on air pollution and health. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the analysis. Results from the study show that the people are fully aware of air pollution, and there is prevalence of air pollution in Ewekoro which is largely caused by the activities of LAFARGE Cement. The findings show that air pollution has a significant negative effect on public health. Also, health risk associated with air pollution has a significant negative relationship with public health.
Triangulation Analysis of Complex Health Organizations in French-Speaking Black Africa Methods (Published)
African evaluate complex organizations of a public nature, and regional or international scope including non-governmental or humanitarian organizations working in the field of public health is not easy. Many problems related to planning of the study and the lack of relevant methodological tools to better decode the organizational phenomena and make sense of them both descriptive and prescriptive often pose significant obstacles. This is to contribute to solving these problems that should adopt a pluralistic approach or policy based on methodological triangulation. It is the integration of the various methodological tools (triangulation of quantitative and qualitative methods and triangulation of data sources). The use of this approach has allowed to know the story of three regionally-based organizations based in Côte d’Ivoire and Mali, their actual performance and future prospects. We have also been able to verify the rigor of the method, especially in terms of relevance of the observations and criterion validity of the content of investigations
Poverty, Sanitation and Public Health Nexus – Implications on Core Residential Neighbourhood of Akure, Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)
The thrust of this paper is to investigate the inter-relationship among poverty, environmental sanitation and public health with a view to establish its implication on residential neighbourhoods of Akure urban centre. The study examines the city core area as a case study. It summarizes and interprets findings from empirical survey of some residential buildings randomly selected within the study area through the use of questionnaire survey, direct observation, photo prints, housing demographic and facility surveys, while health records were obtained from the few available health institutions in the area. Research variables investigated include socio-economic lifestyle of residents, source of water supply, condition of sanitary facilities, quality of housing, and various health hazards experienced. Findings affirm the area as a typical slum environment. It also shows that health of individuals cannot be considered in isolation without considering the socio-economic base, building and the environment in which they live. The paper, therefore, recommends socio-economic revitalization, public enlightenment, environmental and health education, enforcement of environmental sanitation laws and re-introduction of old sanitary inspectors as follow-up strategies to sustain any renewal effort been proposed in the area.