Appraisal of Perceived Psychosocial Impacts and Coping Styles with Endometriosis amongst Childbearing Age Women in Lagos Nigeria (Published)
Endometriosis is a condition which occurs in females and is very difficult to deal with, both physically and emotionally. It is one of the most common gynaecological diseases that is associated with chronic pain, and psychosocial problems in terms of anxiety and stress, depression and self-esteem. Many women with endometriosis must cope with the aforementioned problems including infertility as well as the disease itself. This study aims to explore the perceived psychosocial problems associated with endometriosis and the coping styles adopted among childbearing age women in Nigeria. Methodology: The study adopted a non-experimental descriptive cross-sectional design in selecting eighty respondents simple randomly. A self-developed semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data that spanned three month and data collected were descriptively and inferentially analysed with version 23 SPSS. Result: The mean age of the respondents was 32.30 ± 5.68, age 26-34 and 34-42 form the largest number of respondents with 38.7% and 37.5% respectively. Others are age 18-26 with 18.8% and age 42-50 form the lowest percentage of respondents with 5.0%. Despite that 77.5% of the respondents have poor knowledge of the disease, more than two-thirds of them were adopted various coping styles to prevent psychosocial impacts of the ailment. Also, the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between the childbearing age women’s knowledge of endometriosis and their coping style with a p-value < 0.05 and that there is a significant relationship between the childbearing age women’s parity and coping with endometriosis with a p-value < 0.05. Conclusion: The study concludes that endometriosis is without psychosocial problems, but knowledge of the disease and the number of parity were determinant of coping styles adopted.
Psychosocial Implications of Fulani Herdsmen Religio-Organizational Terrorism in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) (Published)
The research examined psychosocial implications of Fulani herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern-Nigeria (Biafra). Research participants were individuals or inhabitants affected by the Fulani herdsmen attacks. The research adopted analytical design. Instruments were secondary sources of information explored to collect facts. Fulani Herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) is characterised by religious/ethnic cleansing, physical injury and starvation, genocide, abduction and sexual abuse. Psychosocial theories reviewed were psychoanalysis, cognitive dissonance, frustration-aggression, and terror-management. Findings of the research were that Fulani Herdsmen terrorism leads to the following psychological results – mental health challenge, withdrawal tendency, life frustration, and trauma; as well as the following social results – social anxiety, tribal hatred, high insecurity/crime, and family disintegration. Recommendations were made to intensify security effectiveness and efficiency, as well as political will and synergy to stop Fulani Herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) in particular and Nigeria in general.
Psychosocial Perspectives of Stigmatization and Discrimination of Persons Living With HIV and AIDS: The Case of Winneba Municipal Hospital (Published)
The study explored the psychosocial perspectives of stigmatization and discrimination of Persons Living with HIV (PLWHA) in the Effutu Municipality with Winneba Municipal Hospital in focus. The research design employed was the descriptive survey using the explanatory mixed method approach which utilized questionnaire and interview as the research instruments for data collection. Two (2) research questions and two (2) hypotheses guided the study. Fifty-three (53) participants comprising fifty-one (51) PLWHA and two (2) HIV counsellors were sampled using the convenience, purposive, and snowball sampling techniques. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics (t-test & regression) to test the hypotheses while the qualitative data were analysed thematically with verbatim quotations from participants to support issues as they emerged. The study revealed that stigmatization and discrimination against PLWHA are not significant even though there was evidence of their existence in the areas of employment and workplace, community contexts, family contexts, and access to healthcare. It was, therefore recommended that the local authorities together with the District Ghana AIDS Commission should strengthen the awareness creation on the need for harmonious living with PLWHA in the community and the District Ministry of Health should employ more health personnel to engage in follow up services to PLWHA patients.
Psychosocial Factors Predicting Academic Adjustment of First Year University Undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study was designed to determine the extent to which emotional intelligence, social support, self-esteem and coping strategies predict academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria. Correlation design was adopted for the study. Seven research questions and seven corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 382 first year university undergraduates of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, 2015/2016 academic session was chosen for the study through simple and proportional stratified random sampling techniques. Five instruments namely; Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Coping Strategies Inventory and Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire – Academic subscale were used for data collection. Simple and multiple regression analyses were used for data analysis. All data were subjected to analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Results showed among others that; emotional intelligence, social support, self-esteem and coping strategies taken together significantly predicted academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that; university authorities should introduce personality programmes that will provide training in emotional skills that will help university undergraduates in their overall adjustment to the new university environment.
PSYCHOSOCIAL OCCUPATIONAL STRESSORS AS CORRELATE OF JOB SATISFACTION AMONG STUDENT COUNSELLORS IN NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERVENTION (Published)
This study determined whether there were significant relationships between the selected psychosocial occupational stressors of career advancement, workloads, interpersonal work relationship, gender difference in family/work interface, and control/decision latitude and job satisfaction among student counsellors practicing in National Open University of Nigeria. This study adopted descriptive survey of Ex-post facto design. The research population included all the sixty-two student counsellors serving in NOUN as at July, 2013. Purposive sampling technique was used. Out of the sixty two Psychosocial Occupational Stress Scale (POSS) distributed, only forty- four were properly filled and used for analysis. The reliability of the instrument was established using test-retest correlation via Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) which yielded average of r=.77. The alpha level of significant was set at 0 .005.The analyses via SPSS indicated that there were positive low relationships between Job satisfaction and career advancement (r= 0.011; p =0.942), interpersonal relationship (r=. 0.175; p =0.255) and workloads (r=0.102; p =0.511).While there were inverse low relationships between job satisfaction and gender difference in family/work interface (r=.0.-.229; p=0.135 and, control and decision latitude (r=0.-217; p=0.157). All the null hypotheses were accepted, inferring that, there were no significant correlations between psychosocial occupational stressors and job satisfaction of student counsellors in NOUN. These results were therefore attributed to student counsellors’ expert knowledge and skills in the management of stress. Based on the findings, incisive recommendations were also made