Age, Income, and Medico-Obstetric History as Predictors of Anxiety and Psychological Well-Being among Pregnant Women in Ibadan (Published)
The objective of the study is to examined age, income, and medico-obstetric history as predictors of anxiety and psychological well-being among pregnant women in the third trimester. The participants involved 92 pregnant women with the mean age of 29.61 years (S.D. = 4.42, range = 19.42 years). The study employed one-way factorial design. The state anxiety inventory (STAI), and the general psychological well-being questionnaire were the instruments used. The result of the analysis using anova, and independent t-test showed that the older pregnant women would experience lesser anxiety than the younger women (t = 3.68, df = 90; P <. 05). The psychological well-being of older pregnant women will be higher than younger pregnant women (t =2.06; df = 74; P <.05). Higher income earners exhibited lesser anxiety than lower income earners (F-test = 4.951; df = 91; P <.0091). Higher income earners showed more psychological stable than the lower income earners (F- test = 5.867, df = 75, P<.0043). And that the psychological wellbeing of pregnant women with poorer medico-obstetric history was lesser than those without medico-obstetric history (t = 2.636, df = 80; p <.05). Further studies could investigate women from an entire different culture.
Emotional Intelligence, Religious Orientation and Marital Satisfaction as Predictors of Psychological Well-Being and Life-Satisfaction among the Anglican Clergy (Published)
The study examined emotional intelligence, religious orientation and marital satisfaction as predictors of psychological well-being and life satisfaction among the Anglican Clergy in Anambra State, Nigeria with 435 participants sampled through cluster and random sampling methods. Valid/reliable Emotional, Marital, Religious and Well-being scales measured emotional intelligence, marital satisfaction, religious orientation and psychological well-being respectively, adopting cross-sectional survey research design and multiple regression analysis statistics. Findings: Emotional intelligence and marital satisfaction had joint and independent prediction of psychological well-being, except for the independent prediction of religious orientation on psychological well-being (emotional intelligence β =.473, t = 10.577, P <.05; religious orientation β = .074, t = 1.722, P >.05 and marital satisfaction β = .088, t = 2.054, P <.05) and emotional intelligence, religious orientation and marital satisfaction have joint and independent prediction of life satisfaction (emotional intelligence β = .220, t = 4.539, P <.05, religious orientation β = .204, t = 4.352, P >.05, and marital satisfaction β = .204, t = 4.352, P <.05). Recommendations: The Clergy should engage themselves in training to improve their emotional intelligence, so as to enhance their level of religious orientation and marital satisfaction.
An Evaluation of Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale in a Persian Sample (Published)
This paper examines the construct validity and reliability of the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS) according to the Persian culture and language. Participants (N=577) from a population study of university students were chosen. Confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS software was performed in two steps. In step one, 18 models derived from 3-, 9-, and 14-item forms that emphasized gender differences in addition to first and second order constructs were compared. In step two, the 9-and 14-item forms were compared aiming modification. In step one only the 3-item form achieved reasonable indices. Allowing for gender differences did not result in a model fit in the 9-and 14-item forms. To achieve a model fit with additional items, in step two, models that used the 9- and 14-item forms with a second order factor structure regardless of gender differences was performed for modification. This modification allowed for greater potential for comparison with other models in order to achieve good indices. The results in step two indicated that after deleting of some items from the two models, the 14-item model showed better construct validity and reliability compared to the model based on the 9-item form in the Persian culture.