Impact of Care-Homes on the Psychological and Social State of Elderly Residents of Care-Homes in Nigeria (Published)
This study aims to determine the impact of care-homes on the psychological and social state of residents of care-homes in Lagos state Nigeria. The design employed for the research was the survey approach and a sample of 150 elderly residents of care homes were selected in 8 care-homes in the State. A validated instrument titled “Questionnaire on the impact of care-homes on the psychological and social state of the elderly” was used to collect the data. Analysis was carried on the data collected employing the t-test. From the results obtained it was established that there is a significant difference between the psychological and social state of aged residents of care-homes and aged individuals residing with their relations. Based on the findings, a number of recommendations were made which include; regular counseling services should be provided for the aged residents in care-homes to help tackle the psychological challenges they face due to the aging, care-givers should assist the aged residents through social services that will aid adjust to the challenges of aging and the operations of the care-home institution, The government must involve itself in the care of the aged in the society by building and providing facilities and subsidizing medications, the government should introduce policies that seek to improve the conditions of the aged in the society such as the effective implementation of the national policy on the aged, non-government organizations and government should organize regular training of care-givers as a strategy to improve the psycho-social status of the residents of these homes.
Effect of Physical Activity and Psychological State on Body Composition in Working and Non-Working Women of Lower Middle-Income Group (Published)
Background: This research was conducted to study the effect of physical activity and psychological state on body composition in working and non-working women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 149 females (75 working and 74 non working) aged 32.4±5.6 years from lower middle income group, Mumbai city. Anthropometry and body fat were measured. Psychological status was assessed using structured questionnaire and total psychological score was calculated by scoring 1 for every positive emotion. Analyses were performed using SPSS software for Windows (version 16.0, 2007, SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). Data was presented using Independent Sample T-test, cross tabulations, chi-square test, Pearson’s correlation and Univariate analysis. P-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: There was no significant difference in anthropometry or body fat of working and non-working women (p>0.05). 79.9% women had many things in life to be grateful, 34% had long list of everything to be thankful, 65.1% looked around and were grateful, 40.3% were grateful to wide variety of people, 65.1% took part in family decision making, 35.6% were member of social community, 57.7% liked to go to religious place, 81.9% had hobbies and 48.3% still indulged in hobbies while 65.8% felt lonely/depressed and 21.5% took anti-depressant drugs. The mean psychological state score of working women (7±1.7) was significantly higher than that of non-working women (5.9±1.9) (p=0.001). There was significant association of work status and activity level with higher percentage of non-working women been non-active as compared to working women (χ2=13.460,p=0.004). There was no significant difference in psychological state and activity level adjusted BMI and body fat of working and non-working women (p>0.05). Conclusion: Psychological and physical activity differed in working and non-working women. However, psychological state and physical activity does not influence BMI or body fat in working and non-working women of Mumbai city.