This paper x-rays contemporary legal issues and problems associated with population and development in Nigeria. A potpourri of materials namely: statutes, textbooks, journals, articles, reports, case laws, and internet materials have been consulted in the course of writing this paper. The paper states that several studies have revealed that the growth of any nation is basically centered on its developmental strides and policies. The relationship between population and development is very dynamic in nature. A country is regarded as being developed when the institutional framework, policies and structures are functional and effective. Over population affects the environment and in turn, hampers its developmental growth. The environment experiences crisis when its economic growth skyrockets its capacity limit. Developing countries like Nigeria and some other countries in the Sub-Saharan region face an uphill task in trying to manage their ever increasing populace. The paper also examined population policies in Nigeria and reveals a critical gap between population and development and calls for legal and institutional reforms that will bring about an effective enforcement of population and development policies in Nigeria.
Challenges of transportation in Obàléndé area of Lagos Nigeria can only be felt and experienced by its ever increasing commuters and the numerous vehicles plying the road facility. Though the status quo of transportation in that area cannot be outrightly written off, the prospect of keeping in view possible transport infrastructures into the transport system and executing it at the adequate locations in the said area is a feat that is worth researching into. This research looks into the actual transportation challenges faced by Nigerians in Obàléndé area of Lagos, with every possible conceivable solutions that is practical. The data gathered for this research will be via literature review and structured interview. The interviews will be conducted using purposive sampling methods and the data analysis will be done using coding and content analysis. From the information obtained it is recommended
Investment in education is treated as a factor contributing to the development of human resources. In effect, private initiative can help since the private sector is the beneficiary of the knowledge industry. Privatization implies induction of private ownership which education is not an exception. It is therefore the responsibility of both individual including the student, his family, his employers and the society which includes the community and the state. There are factors responsible for privatization of higher education which some of them are; need for competitive efficiency and growth in population. Not only that, there are major causes of privatization of higher education which some are; expansion and establishment of education institution and knowledge explosion. There are also merits of privatization of higher education which include; initiative in educational reforms and innovativeness in teaching and evaluation while demerits; job insecurity and lack of accountability. Programmes and policies of privatization of higher education are highlighted including its strategies. Conclusion was made and suggestions enumerated which some are; nations should have stricter rules and regulations in its privatization policies and illegal private higher institutions should be clamped down by relevant government regulatory agencies.
The focus of the paper is on professionalization of community development with its challenges and prospects in Nigeria. The paper explored the concept of professionalization as a process by which any trade, work or occupation transforms itself into a profession of high standards, integrity and competence in human environment. The paper identified the characteristics of professionalization to include educational and professional qualifications, training, area of specialization, formal certification, code of conduct, establishment of professional body, self regulatory association among others. The paper identified lack of professional culture, lack of interest to promote professionalization of community development, weak professional association, lack of control entry among others as the challenges which militate against professionalization of community development in Nigeria. The paper identified establishment of appropriate educational qualifications, appropriate professional body, self regulatory association, code of conduct, employment of community development professionals and issuance of operational licence to community development professionals as some of the prospects of professionalization of community development in Nigeria. The paper recommends among other things a policy framework to enact a law to make the practice of community development an exclusive domain of community development professionals to practice their profession, entrenchment of professional values and issuance of operational licence to only qualified community development professionals to practice community development as a profession in Nigeria.
Gas Flaring In Nigeria: Problems and Prospects (Published)
The issue of gas flaring in Nigeria has become a topical one in view of the devastating effect gas flaring has in the socio-economic lives of the people in the affected areas. Historically, it is said that gas flaring is as old as oil production in Nigeria. Oil exploratory activities of oil companies in Nigeria have caused gas flaring resulting in loss of lives and properties in the affected communities where gas is flared. There is no specific legal framework that prohibits gas flaring in Nigeria inspite of the environmental problems associated with it. The existing law that appears to regulate gas flaring in Nigeria is not effective as it does not completely prohibit gas flaring but only provide monetary penalties for continued flaring of gas by oil companies in Nigeria. The Judiciary therefore appeared to have championed the cause for the abolition of gas flaring in Nigeria. This paper examines the legal framework for gas flaring in Nigeria and further identifies the problems and prospects associated with the flaring of gas in Nigeria and makes useful recommendations
The following nutritional values of rose apple juice were determined such as moisture content, protein content, crude fibre, fat content, ash content, total soluble solid, titrable Acidity, vitamin C and pH. The juice has a moisture content of 95.50% which indicated that the fruit is very juicy makes it suitable for juice and production. The ash content of rose apple is 0.144% which indicates the presence of mineral component in the Rose apple which is essential for body use. The protein content of rose apple is 0.132% which indicate that the rose apple contain some level of protein in it. The fibre content is given to be 0.002% which indicates that the rose apple contains low fibre level. The fat content of the rose apple is 0.66% which indicates that the rose apple contains high level of fat. The total soluble solid of rose apple is 4.10% which is low compared to that of pineapple that is 13.3%. The Vitamin C content in rose apple is given to be 19.986mg/100g; it shows that rose apple has appreciable level of vitamin C. The pH value of rose apple is given to be 4.46 which showed that it contains some level of acid. The titretable acidity (TA) of rose apple is determined to be 0.315g/100ml. From these results, it shows that rose apple is a good source of all nutritional components and has potentials as a good raw material for both fruit juice and wine production.
Corporate Social Responsibility and Its Implementation in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects. (Published)
Businesses generally are created or established to maximize profit through effective and efficient management of human and material resources in line with their predetermined vision, mission, policy and goal(s). In the course of maximising profits companies annex natural resources- foreign and local, as a result impacting positively and negatively in the environment where it exists. In other to remedy the problems brought about by the operations of these companies to the people and environment where they operate, the management of these businesses through rendering of some social services in turn pay back to the community, hence the concept corporate social responsibility (CSR). It is in line with the above statement that this paper aims at studying the commitment of foreign as well as local businesses in achievement of corporate social responsibility in Nigeria. The research adopted the qualitative research, as it reviews the literature relating to the problems of implementing CSR in Nigeria. After critical x-ray of related write-ups on the topic under study, we found out that some factors such as inability of Nigeria Government to enforce CSR into Law, corruption and selfishness, lack of interest in implementing CSR, political and social insecurity poses as a serious obstacle to companies to implement CSR effectively and efficiently in Nigeria. Finally the study recommended among other things that the Government of Nigeria should put into law, which is providing a legal framework for companies on Corporate Social Responsibility. This will make CSR to be taken seriously and seen as obligatory as against non-obligatory.