Television has been a very influential medium of mass communication, due to its audio and visual potentials. Scholars of communication have always researched into the influence of the various media of communication, particularly television on the society. These efforts provide useful information to individuals, groups and organizations that employ these media on how best to use them. The debate on whether television influences youth’s attitudes and behaviour has attracted diverse views supported by different researches. It is on this basis that this study examines the influence of television on the westernization of Nigerian youths. It is noteworthy that there is a growing worry over the decline of the cultural values of Nigerian youth. This ugly situation is sometimes tied to the influence of foreign television programmes. The foreign programmes do not only undermine the cultural values of Nigerian youths, but also influence the youths’ behaviour as well as the prevalence of foreign attitudes and habits among them. The study is driven by cultivation theory which suggests that heavy television viewing “cultivates” perceptions of reality consistent with the view of the world presented in television programmes. Some youth in Nigeria, considerably perceive that what they view on foreign television programmes is a reality, and to them, there is need to cultivate the habits, attitudes, behaviour and values as demonstrated in television programmes.
Nigerian Audiences’ Perception of Pentecostal Churches’ Ownership of Digital Satellite Television Channels (Published)
Pentecostal churches’ ownership of channels is a relatively new trend in Nigeria; apparently, it is one of the aftermaths of deregulation of broadcasting industry in the country. By the application of uses and gratifications theory; this paper investigated Nigerian audiences’ perception of Pentecostal churches’ ownership of digital satellite television channels. Survey research method was adopted for the study and a sample of 300 respondents was drawn using multi-stage sampling techniques, whereas the questionnaire served as the instrument of data collection. The work’s major finding is that the public perceives Pentecostal churches’ ownership of channels as a welcome development in Nigeria; they uphold the channels’ airing of miracles, albeit with regulations. Again, it found out that broadcasting of such religious programmes help to draw people closer to their Creator.
This paper sought to investigate the causes of high unemployment among youths in zimbabwe’s capital city, harare. This research followed a realisation that there can be no solution to the problem of high youth unemployment unless the causes of such unemployment are identified first. The study was a survey in which 180 unemployed youths were respondents as it was felt that they were better positioned to give critical primary data since they understood their situation and its causes better than anyone else. The findings indicated that the economic downturn in zimbabwe was the major contributory factor to the unemployment of youths in the city of harare. The ripple effects of economic downturn which include closure of industries and lack of foreign direct investment were blamed for the situation. theory-intensive secondary school and university curriculum, government’s misplaced priorities, corruption, nepotism, droughts, lack of specific job skills among the youths, preference of white-collar jobs, dislike of lowly paying jobs and educated youths who shun manual intensive jobs are but some of the causes singled out in this study. It is common cause that if zimbabwe is to correct the situation of high unemployment among youths, the country must attend to the causes first
Restorative justice represents a new paradigm against the criminality, born and developed in the ground of the failure of punitive justice. As such, it brings a new ideology in the fight against crime, revealing a new perception for the offense, upon which takes life the restorative philosophy. The latter brings a very complex mechanism of action, whose ideals are manifested in the restorative programmes. Thus, the restorative justice satisfies its framework, in the theoretical viewpoint, as well as in the practical one, prompting its way to success. However, it remains a new ideology, still not affirmed and therefore it needs more promotion. In this regard, this paper aims to realize a framework of restorative justice, in the theoretical point of view, as well as in the practical one, to further highlight its problems and needs in the future.
Developing a Sustainable Agricultural, Industrial, Infrastructural Thriving Nigeria: A Logic Model Approach for Development (Published)
Nigeria is currently the largest economy in Africa with a per capita GDP that ranks 121st in the world. The impact of this sudden change on the different sectors of the Nigerian economy needs to be well understood for the benefit of sectorial sustainability. Drawing on a review of developmental policies and programmes since post-independence era, the programme logic model is accepted as a framework for addressing the research aim, which is to develop a framework for the developmental future of Nigeria. A 6-way heuristic evaluation is carried out based on problems/issues, stakeholders’ needs/assets, desired results, influential factors, strategies, and assumptions. This approach provides a schematic play-out of the feasibility of the evaluated programmes. Analysis shows that, while there has been policy mismatch and poor implementation of programmes by governments, the various proposed programmes were well intended towards developing a thriving Nigeria. The suggested short-term strategy is to incentivise cash crops farming. In the medium-term, the strategy should be aimed at hastening the implementation of the infrastructure master plan and public-private partnerships with successful short-term stakeholders. For the long-term, the prescribed strategies for achieving the technology development are core implementation of science and technology policies and adequate innovation and management of technologies. The implication, therefore, is that there is urgent need to encourage ‘productive’ infrastructural development, which will jump start a knowledge based economy in the medium-term, and a serviced based economy in the long-term.
The Effectiveness Of Life Skills Programmes In Three Teachers Colleges Within Masvingo Province Zimbabwe (Review Completed - Accepted)
This study sought to determine the effectiveness of Life Skills programmes in three teachers’ colleges in Masvingo province namely: Masvingo, Bondolfi and Morgenster. In this study eight-five (85) student teachers, four (4) lecturers and three (3) nurses from the three colleges participated in the research project. Student teachers filled in questionnaires, lecturers and nurses were interviewed. The study showed that life skills programmes are quite effective in equipping student teachers with stress management skills, cognitive skills, social skills and emotional skills. The study also revealed that student teachers are equipped with information on HIV, AIDS, STIs and other health related information which play a major role in behaviour change.Though Life Skills programmes can be quite effective, the research study revealed that proper methodologies, technical support and lecturer motivation are of paramount importance in the implementation of these programmes. The study recommends that there is need for staff development programmes for lecturers so that they are equipped with relevant methodologies for life skills programmes. It is also necessary that these programmes be well funded so that they do not suddenly grind to a halt. Finally, it is also recommended that further research be undertaken in order to establish how best these life skills programmes can be implemented considering the large enrolments of teachers’ colleges