Environmental Adult Education Programmes for Promotion of Sustainable Agricultural Methods/Practices among Crop Farmers in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria: An Empirical Study (Published)
Unsustainable agricultural/farming methods/practices (such as slash-and-burn, felling of trees and shrubs and application of chemical fertilizers and insecticides) by crop farmers in the Southern Region of Nigeria are known to have been doing a lot of harm to the soil, the environment and even the health of the farmers themselves. The purpose of this study was to identify, through an empirical/participatory process, the unsustainable methods/practices mostly adopted by the farmers (with focus on those from Abak and Etinan Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Akwa Ibom State), as well as the Environmental Adult Education (EAE) programmes that would make the farmers adopt sustainable methods/practices which would increase their occupational outputs as well as protect their environment and personal health. Four Research Questions and one Null Hypothesis guided the study. 222 (40%) of the 554 registered crop farmers in the two LGAs were selected for the study through proportionate random sampling. Percentages, means, standard deviation and the T-test were the statistical methods used to analyze the data obtained through a structured Questionnaire developed by the researchers. Based on the responses of the farmers, a number of EAE programmes were identified for achieving the purpose stated above. The researchers have strongly recommended implementation of the programmes as well as guidelines for effecting the implementation.
Factors Influencing Teachers’ Implementation of Early Childhood Development Education Programme in Lugari District, Kenya (Published)
This study sought to establish factors influencing teachers’ implementation of Early Childhood Development Education programmes in Lugari district. The study used descriptive survey design. Fredrick Froebel theory was used for the study. Using a sample of 15%, stratified and proportionate sampling techniques, a total of 61 ECDE centers and 89 ECDE teachers, 61 primary school head teachers were selected from the three divisions of Lugari district. The study established that there was low level of training among the ECDE teachers in the district and that some of the crucial educational resources were lacking in ECDE centres. The study recommended that ECDE trained teachers should be absorbed by the Teachers Service Commission and that public advocacy to inform parents about the positive impacts of ECDE pedagogy should be conducted.
Attitude of Botho University Sports Management Students towards the Sports Management Programme: A Critical Analysis and Reflection (Published)
The narrative on attitudes of students and how these attitudes shape and define how students behave in a learning situation has been a subject of heightened discussion in many academic fora. Studies show that how people react or respond to something is more often than not motivated by their attitude towards it. Literature is also abound with information related to attitudes of students towards sport and physical activity but very little if any of such literature captures issues of attitudes of university students towards Sports Management. This study therefore examined the attitudes of Botho University (BU) Sports Management students towards their sport management programme and causative factors to such attitudes. All students (N = 33) in the department of Sports Management were selected to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire that employed a 5-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 22. Results of the study showed that Sports Management students had very positive attitudes towards their programme and this was due to among others, state of the art resources they used for learning, a conducive learning environment at the university with technology that supports learning.
Availability and Utilization of Facilities of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme of Technical Colleges in North-East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated the availability and utilization of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme of technical colleges in the North-East Geo-political Zone of Nigeria. Two purposes of study were examined. Two research questions were answered and two hypotheses were tested. The population of the study was 808, made up of 24 principals, 58 teachers, 18 workshop attendants and 708 students. The study chose 40% of the population as the sample for the study, which stood at 398, made up of 10 principals, 26 teachers, 10 workshop attendants and 352 students. A structured questionnaire collected data from respondents. It was validated by five experts. A trial test using the test re-test method established the coefficient of stability of the instrument which stood at 0.94. After the administration of the instrument, 440 valid copies were obtained, made up of 10 principals, 22 teachers, 10 workshop attendants and 308 final year students. Analysis of the results was carried out on the valid copies of the instrument. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The analysis of variance was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study showed that equipment, tools and measuring instruments were moderately available. They included conduit bending machine, battery charger, direct-on-line starter, Allen keys, A.C. meters, rheostat, installation varnish and capacitors. Consumable materials were highly available. They included ceiling roses, cables wiring nails and resistors. Students’ level of utilization of equipment, tools and consumable materials during practical lessons was of moderate performance. Students’ level of utilization of measuring instruments during practical lessons was low in 12 out of 15 measuring instruments. On the whole, students’ level of utilization of measuring instruments during practical lessons was of low performance. A significant difference did not exist, at the chosen probability level, in the mean responses of principals, teachers and workshop attendants on the extent to which facilities for the Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme were available. At a 0,05 level of significance, there was no significant difference in the mean responses of teachers, workshop attendants and students on the level of utilization of consumable materials by students during practical lessons. The study suggested among others, an improvement in facilities supply and an increase in students’ practical activities for enhanced performance.
CHALLENGES OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN YOBE STATE, NIGERIA AND THE PROSPECTS FOR 2015 AND BEYOND (Published)
This study titled: challenges of the Implementation of Universal Basic Eduction programme in Yobe State, Nigeria and prospects for 2015 and beyond has largely been shaped by the recent events in the country, specifically the problems confronting the education sector and the Nigerian government responses; the government efforts in initiating various measures through its policies, programmes and institutions to improve the education sector in Yobe state and Nigeria generally have become a major source of concern to observers and scholars. The study therefore attempted assesses the implementation of the Universal Basic Education in Yobe state and its prospect for 2015 and beyond. To achieve this objective therefore, the study used the primary and secondary sources of data collection. Charts for data analysis were drawn using the 2003 Microsoft Excel XP Version10 package while the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Spearman Rank Order (RHO) were used to test the null hypothesis. A sample of 243 respondents was randomly selected from six local government areas of Yobe. The System theory was used as the main theoretical framework. From the data analyzed, it was found that the programme recorded a very poor performance in the area of pupils’ teacher ratio, where the minimum ratio of 1:40 is abuse. In all the schools visited both primary and junior secondary sections had the minimum of a teacher to fifty pupil (1:50 and above). Again, it was observed that the qualifications of teachers ranged from certificate A- 3-year post-secondary education, certificate A- 4-years post middle, Diploma in Basic Education; Senior School certificate holders and second degree holders with the least number. The study thus recommends amongst others that more qualified teachers should be recruited and special salary structure should be designed for them, by doing that at least many people will develop interest for the teaching profession and shortage of teachers will be overcome in Yobe state, Nigeria
Status of Technical Education Curriculum Programme for Skill Acquisition in a Dynamic Society (Published)
The paper was designed to look at the present status of technical education curriculum programme for skill acquisition in a dynamic society. The paper examined technical education curriculum programme and the different national developmental strategies and the same time touched the current implementation and talked about evaluation for technical education programme that necessitate a change in a dynamic society. One of the components examined concerning this paper is the teacher that is responsible for the implementation of the policy and technical education curriculum. Other key elements discussed are the tools, equipment and facilities that are the major keys and elements of skill acquisition. In view of the prevailing circumstances and status, it was suggested that government should make fund available to train and retrain Nigerian’s for ever changing and dynamic society among others