Tag Archives: Productivity

A Case for Government-Industry Policy on Inventory Management Technology for Enhanced Productivity and GDP Growth Rate in Nigeria (Published)

Today’s development is not possible without advanced technology. In the area of manufacturing, technology is quickly changing the way in which stock is handled and controlled for enhanced productivity. Sophisticated information gathering systems can track items from the purchase order to the final customer on the sales chain. Automation can dramatically impact all phases of inventory management, including counting, monitoring, recording and retrieval of items, storage location; recording changes to inventory; and anticipating inventory needs, including inventory handling requirements. The manufacturing and retail industries, worldwide, have created standards to take advantage of new technologies and computerized systems such as the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), barcodes, vending machines, warehouse technology management system, etc. All these provide accurate inventory information on a constant basis thus, enhance organisation’s productivity and increase its competitive edge over companies that are slow to take advantage of these new technologies. Finding the position of Nigerian manufacturing firms in this equation was the major focus of the study. Results indicated poor performance. Based on that, a case for government-industry policy framework that will make it mandatory for manufacturers in Nigeria to use technology-based inventory management system for enhanced productivity and GDP growth was made by the authors.

Keywords: GDP growth, Industry Policy, Inventory Management, Productivity, Technology

Impact of Growth on the Job and Development of Human Capabilities on Employee Productivity among Selected Nigerian Five-Star Hotels (Published)

The need for organizations to use growth and development programmes to enhance employee productivity is incontestable. The contingency employment policies in Nigerian five-star hotels however, may not create the right atmosphere for growth and development prospects of the employees which may impair their levels of productivity. The study was prompted out of the desire to ascertain the extent to which growth on the job and development of human capabilities impact employee productivity in five-Star hotels in Nigeria. The survey design was adopted. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Regression analysis and Partial Correlation were used for data analysis. The study found that both growth on the job and development of human capabilities have significant impact employee productivity. However, employees’ productivity reduced by 12 percent when the development of human capabilities was not accompanied by growth on the job. Nevertheless, the difference was only two percent when growth on the job was provided in isolation of development of human capabilities. This means that although both growth and development have strong nexus with employee productivity, separately, employee growth enhances productivity more than development in Nigerian five-star hotels. The study recommended that Nigerian hotels, whether private or public, should stop its contingency employment policy and adopt an alternative policy of regular employment that based on permanency. Employee growth should be guided by Management by Objectives (MBO) so that recognition, reward and promotion of staff will be based strictly on level of employee productivity. Also, the hotel industry in Nigeria should train their staff at least once every year in core competences in line with global best practice.

Keywords: 5-Star Hotel, Employee Development, Growth on the Job, Productivity

Effect of Crop Intensification Program on Maize Production in Nyagatare, Rwanda. (Published)

This study was conducted in Nyagatare district located in the Eastern Province of Rwanda. Its objective was to assess the effect of the Crop Intensification program (CIP) on maize production in Nyagatare district.   Improved seeds, Inorganic fertilizers, Extension services and Land Use Consolidation were the major variables for consideration in this study and assessment was made as to the contribution they made to maize production in CIP in the study area .  The study focused on 24 cooperatives with 97 respondents. It used qualitative approaches to generate the opinion of respondents where data was not readily available and also quantitative methods where both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data was collected using questionnaires from random sample of 97 farmers, and it considered the socio-economic characteristics of farmers while Secondary data was collected from different sources, like Ministry of Agriculture, District offices, Agriculture Sector working Group (ASWG) reports , books, reports and internet.. The research used correlation and regression techniques  Research findings revealed that youth and educated people’s engagement in agricultural activities  is minimal, that Extension services has not influenced maize production significantly and also that men constitute a bigger proportion of the agriculture work force than women  creating a gender gap in the sector. Improved seeds influence significantly maize production more than other independent variables in this study .

Keywords: Agricultural inputs, Agro-dealers, Cooperatives, Crop Intensification program, Extension services, Land Use Consolidation, Production, Productivity

Factors Influencing Adoption of E-Procurement in Kenya’s Public Sector (Published)

E-procurement system contributes significantly to national productivity growth through the removal of non-value added activities in procurement process. However, the adoption has been slow in Kenya and there is still a lack of studies assessing the impact of e-procurement. This study aims to explore the barriers of e-procurement adoption in Kenya and to understand e-procurement success, and why success has not been achieved using desktop research design. Insights that will be obtained from systematic evaluations regarding the barriers of e-procurement systems will help to develop an instrument to measure success; identify barriers to achieving success and establish a framework to promote success of e-procurement in the public sector in Kenya

Keywords: E-Procurement, Kenya, Procurement Process, Productivity, Public Sector

Government-Industry Policy on Inventory Management Technology for Enhanced Productivity and GDP Growth Rate in Nigeria (Published)

Today’s development is not possible without advanced technology. In the area of manufacturing, technology is quickly changing the way in which stock is handled and controlled for enhanced productivity. Sophisticated information gathering systems can track items from the purchase order to the final customer on the sales chain. Automation can dramatically impact all phases of inventory management, including counting, monitoring, recording and retrieval of items, storage location; recording changes to inventory; and anticipating inventory needs, including inventory handling requirements. The manufacturing and retail industries, worldwide, have created standards to take advantage of new technologies and computerized systems such as the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), barcodes, vending machines, warehouse technology management system, etc. All these provide accurate inventory information on a constant basis thus, enhance organisation’s productivity and increase its competitive edge over companies that are slow to take advantage of these new technologies. Finding the position of Nigerian manufacturing firms in this equation was the major focus of the study. Results indicated poor performance. Based on that, a case for government-industry policy framework that will make it mandatory for manufacturers in Nigeria to use technology-based inventory management system for enhanced productivity and GDP growth was made by the authors.

Keywords: GDP growth, Industry Policy, Inventory Management, Productivity, Technology

Conflict Management Approaches: A Tool for Productive Employee Performance in Business Organizations (A Study of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko Plant) (Published)

This paper is a critical analysis of conflict management approaches as a tool for productive performance in business organizations, a survey of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. The study adopted simple empirical survey methods with a view of eliciting relevant data for analytical purpose so as to answer several questions and attain the objectives of the study. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection were utilized in a bid to attain the necessary result. Five point likert rating scale questionnaire were used in obtaining the opinions and views from respondents (i.e Strongly agree, SA (5), Agree, A (4), Undecided, U (3), Disagree, D (2), Strongly Disagree, SD (1)). The sample size for the study is 269 derived from the population of 825 employee of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. This was determined using Yaro-Yamane’s formulae. Bartlett’s test of Sphericity and Kaiser-Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy, construct validity determination and Cronbach alpha for reliability determination was applied too. Multiple regression test was adopted for testing two formulated hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that conflict management have positive impacts in enhancing productivity of employees of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. Another finding reveals that strategies and techniques for management of conflict have significantly impacted on the performance of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. The study recommended that the circumstance of conflict occurrence should be X-rayed, evaluated before deciding to adopt a suitable method, strategy and technique for conflict resolution and management. Secondly, the management of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant should ensure that causes and varying forces that may cause conflict in organization are checkmated to ensure organizational success. These causes may include; limited resources, overlapping authority, inadequate treatment, differences in perception, role conflict, leadership styles and diversity differences amongst others.

Keywords: Business Organizations, Conflict, Conflict Management Approaches, Dysfunctional Conflict., Employee Performance, Functional Conflict, Productivity, Strategies and Techniques

Residual Effect of Organic Wastes on Productivity of an Ultisol in Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria (Published)

An experiment was carried out to study residual effect of organic wastes amendment on productivity of an ultisol.The field was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with four treatments of 20 t ha-1 equivalent to 8kg/plot of burnt rice mill waste (BRMW), unburnt rice mill waste (URMW), sawdust (SD) and control which were replicated five times to give a total of twenty experimental units. The treatments were applied in 2006 and 2007 cropping seasons and residual effect studied in the third season. A hybrid of maize (Oba super II hybrid) variety was used as a test crop. Data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) while means were separated with Fisher’s Least Significant Difference. The results showed that the textural class remained sandy loam. Hydraulic conductivity of organic wastes amended soil was significantly (P<0.05) higher when compared to control. While bulk density of SD amended plot was 7% lower, total porosity and hydraulic conductivity in same treatment were higher by 16 and 6% when compared to control, respectively. Total porosity, hydraulic conductivity. Available phosphorus and CEC of organic wastes amended soil were significantly (P<0.05) higher than control. Grain yield of maize was higher in BRHD, URHD and SD amended plots by 5, 9 and 13% respectively than control. Residual effect of organic wastes improved the productivity of ultisol more than control, and thus, could be recommended for sustainable soil productivity in Abakaliki agroecological farming system.

Keywords: Abakaliki, Organic wastes, Productivity, Residual effect, Ultisol

An Assessment of Basic School Teachers’ Perception of the Impact of Motivation on Their Productivity in Ghana (Published)

This study aimed at examining basic school teachers’ perception of the impact of motivation on JHS teacher productivity in the Asante Akim South district of Ghana. The descriptive survey design was used in conducting the study and the population was all the JHS teachers in the district with a sample size of 217, made up of 179 males and 38 females. A questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.74 was used for data collection. Key findings indicated that majority (97.2%) of teachers admitted that government’s study leave with pay policy was necessary for teacher productivity, eighty five percent (85%) of teachers were of the opinion that promotion was a necessary condition for teacher productivity, and there was a strong positive correlation between teachers’ salaries and teacher productivity. It was recommended that the quota system introduced into the study leave with pay policy should be removed to enable many teachers benefit from the facility. The district best teacher award scheme should cover at least 50% of teachers in the district, and promotion in the Ghana Education Service (GES) should be based on hard work rather than long service and further education.

Keywords: Basic School, Motivation, Perception, Productivity, Teachers

The Effects of Globalization on Nigerian Youths and the Economy (Published)

The style of information dissemination throughout the world this time has made the word globalization a common process of bringing the whole world together. As it stands now the information of any event at any part of the world gets to Nigeria or any other part of the world in a very short time. Therefore globalization has come to improve the process of communication and advancement in technology. The fast movements of goods and services, economic liberalism, scientific inventions and discoveries have reduced the large world to a global village. Nigeria as a developing country cannot shy away from globalization, since the country has been exposed to both the negative and positive effects of globalization. The objective of this article is to identify the effects of globalization on the Nigerian youths and the economy. It recognized the good opportunities of globalization, and suggests ways of eliminating the negative effects of globalization. The author reviewed existing literatures on the concepts of globalization and development

Keywords: Economy, Globalization, Nigeria, Productivity, Technology, Youth

Industrial Harmony for Academic Excellence: An Imperative for a Productive Educational System in Nigeria (Published)

Industrial harmony enhances labour productivity as one of the critical means of improving performance in the education sector, achieving economic growth, enhancing living standards and quality of life. It creates a peaceful working environment that is attractive to tolerance, dialogue and other alternative means of resolving industrial or labour disputes. It is in this vein that the paper discusses the imperative of industrial harmony for academic excellence and a productive educational system in Nigeria. To ensure harmonious industrial relations, the leader of every institution will need to encourage, open and frank discussion of the institution’s problems with the subordinates; seek the opinion of those doing the institutional job i.e. the staff; explain their discussion to those who have to carry them out; recognize the contributions of all involved in the institutional job; set collaborative goals to encourage team work instead of autocracy and listen to rather than talk at their subordinates. In conclusion, effective and understood grievance procedure that is simple, straightforward, flexible, proactive, responsive, devoid of protocol and time conscious is central to harmonious industrial relations. Above all, promoting visionary and disciplined leadership within our educational system is a key to a conductive environment for learning devoid of corrupt practices and indiscipline.

Keywords: Academic Excellence, Education System, Industrial Harmony, Productivity

Manager’s Perception of What Constitutes Good Management Which Should Enhance Productivity in Institutions of Higher Learning (Published)

Perceptions inform the way people behave and how they see their environment, thus the perceptions are the realities of the perceiver. Managers themselves are appointed based on the perceptions of the selection and recruiting team, either through an interview or simply through long association in an organisation. But, every human being moves around with their own baggage emanating from childhood, cultural background, religion, interaction with other people, the level of education and what was taught them, and of cause from peers and role models. The manager, like any being is a mixed bag of all sorts of information, ideas, values, beliefs and traits all culminating into the perception the manager will have about what constitutes good management. This empirical research sought to understand how the average Cape Town manager perceives managerial behaviours are considered to be ideal to enable the subordinates to be productive. Primarily to establish their perceptions about what constitutes good management behaviour. This research seeks to evaluate good management in the eyes of the manager – more like self-evaluation by evaluating the other manager. It should be pointed out that South Africa just recently emerged from apartheid and not much has changed within the organisational and racial structures in relation to “who the managers are.” The work environment is very diverse with whites (dominating) and coloureds (as second class citizens) with blacks at the tail end. To add to this, there has been an influx of foreigners as economic refuges whose perceptions about work and the environment are radically different. The research finds that many managers use the X theory though there are elements of the Y theory displayed. The Cape Town manager does not show much interest in the welfare of the subordinates and has no interest in getting closer to these subordinates.

Keywords: Good Management, Institutions, Manager’s Perception, Productivity

Office Automation: A Tool for Quality Assurance in Work Delivery in Office Technology and Management (OTM) (Published)

This paper x-rayed how office automation has helped the Office Technology and Management graduates to increase productivity in their work. Two research questions guided the study. The paper examined critically the equipment found in an automated office and how it has actually assured the quality performance of the secretary. A total of 360 Office Technology and Management graduates selected from public and private organizations in Delta South Senatorial District formed the population of the study. The sample of this study consisted of 108 graduates of Office Technology and Management. The information collected from the respondents was grouped together for meaningful analysis of the data using simple percentages. Suggestions were made as to what the Office Technology and Management graduate must do in order to get the best out of an automated office. Based on the researcher’s findings, recommendations which includes that secretaries should not entertain fear that automated devices will displace them but rather to see it as something which has come to assist them to do their jobs in order to improve their efficiency and productivity are made to strengthen the Office Technology and Management graduates chances of being totally familiar with the modern equipment so that increased productivity can be guaranteed and quality assured.

Keywords: Management, Office Automation, Productivity, Quality Assurance, Technology

Impact of Stress on Nutrition and Productivity (A Study of Southern Cross River State, Nigeria) (Published)

Stress is any action or activity that threatens the homeostatic stability of an organism or any response of the body to demands made upon it. It is usually produced by responses to a specific stressor. Stress has been implicated in a wide array of medical illnesses including nutritional disorders. The study is aimed at investigating the effect of stress on nutrition and productivity in Southern Cross River State, Nigeria. Random sampling measures are adopted to survey seven (7) Local Government Areas that constitute southern senatorial district in Cross River and respondents cut across Civil servants, Public servants, Business men, Students, Academic and Administrative staff of schools. Results reveal effects of stress on nutrition is wide ranging, affecting different aspects of our nutrition from food intake to food handling and indirectly by providing an environment for diseases which influence productivity. Stress may induce unhealthy eating habits which includes increasing the desire for certain diets. It also places many metabolic demands on the body and thus may alter the body’s metabolism. Multiple stressors have been found to cause increased catabolism and protein loss. It is recommended that in managing stress and nutritional disorders, a multidisciplinary approach involving professionals from various fields in medical practice should be adopted. The most appropriate management of stress disorders is the elimination of the stressor but where this approach is not feasible or has previously failed other methods to assist the individual cope with the stress can be adopted.

Keywords: Nutritional Disorders, Productivity, Stress

The Impact of Productivity and Space on the Production of Potatoes in Iraq (Published)

The potato crop of major vegetables in terms of production and productivity of its importance as a energy-rich and contains important nutrients, it is considered the main food of many countries, as well as economic and manufacturing and its importance as a raw material for many of the food industry. Search the cultivated area, production and productivity of dunam of the five provinces which is famous for the cultivation of potatoes and is focused (Nineveh, Baghdad, Unbar, Babel, Waist.), Agriculture for Autum and spring the years (2000-2012). Appeared through research that potato production has suffered from volatility during the Search, which was reflected in the per capita share of the domestic product and make that quota is weak and it turned out that the highest share of potatoes was in 2005 and amounted to (33.7) kg per year and less per capita was in 2010 and amounted to (6.3 kg). Was either above area planted crop was in 2005 and amounted to (203 729) donum the lowest area was planted in 2008 and amounted to (132 034) donum, The highest production was in 2005 and amounted to (807 586 tonnes) and the lowest production was in 2010 and amounted to (204 597 tons) , The productivity of the crop was dunam other volatile after reaching its highest productivity in 2002 ,was (4609) kg / donums and the least in 2008 and was the (2642) kg / dunam. According to economic theory, which shows that (97%) of changes (R2) as the value of the coefficient of determination in productivity was due to the factors involved in the specimen, and the (12%) of which are due to other factors not included in the specimen, including the chance and randomness. Search as explained through a statistical model for the production of potatoes as explained in accordance with the multiple linear regression equation that yields dunam only the area of affecting and a large degree in production, show that the effect of space on the larger output from the impact of productivity either spatial location (province and time) did not have clear role in influencing on production. Search through model statistician for the production of potatoes as explained in accordance with the multiple linear regression equation that yields dunam only the area of affecting and a large degree in production, show that the effect of space on the larger output from the impact of productivity either spatial location (province and time) did not have clear role in influencing on production.

Keywords: Potato Production, Productivity, Statistical Analysis Dunam

A Research Perspective on Impact of Employee Engagement on 3 ‘P’s In Aviation Industry (Published)

The intent of this research is to bring out strategic impact of one of the facet of the employee engagement – work life balance in high precision service industry and analyse it’s impact on Performance, Productivity and Profitability as popularly known as ‘3P’. .Author has tried to highlight the importance of employee engagement through instituting systems and practices of work-life balance on performance, productivity and profitability of the organisation. Accordingly author has chosen aviation industry which is characteristically known as high demand service industry. Background and introduction highlighted the key rationale and understanding of the research area and literature review has been provided to create an academic platform to conduct the research. Author has chosen case based approach to investigate the key research aim, objectives and questions to present comprehensive analytical insights on the area. Conclusion and recommendation has been made to value add in the subject area and towards future research.

Keywords: Aviation Industry, Employee Engagement, Performance, Productivity

Quantifying the Productivity of Spent Oil Contaminated Soil Amended With Organic Wastes Using Productivity Index in Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria (Published)

A study on quantifying the productivity of spent oil contaminated soil amended with organic wastes using productivity index (PI) was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. The study involved a modification of Pierce et al. productivity index model with simultaneous exclusion of sufficiencies for aeration and electrical conductivity. The applicability and validity of the modified Pierce et al. productivity index model were determined using maize as a test crop. Result showed highly significant (r=0.96 at P<0.01) relationship between PI and grain yield of maize. The general mean PI and grain yield of maize were 0.32 and 0.94 tha-1for the treatments. The mean productivity indices with grain yield of maize were 0.20 and 0.50tha-1, 0.40 and 1.2otha-1, 0.26 and 0.80 tha-1 and 0.42 and 1.3tha-1 for control, burnt rice husk dust, unburnt rice husk dust and saw dust amended soils, respectively. The burnt rice husk dust which had highest prediction of 0.58 also predicted highest grain yield of maize of 2.2tha-1. The grain yield of maize followed productivity index predictions. Organic wastes could be recommended for attenuating problem of spent oil contamination of soil in Abakaliki.

Keywords: Amended, Contamination, Organic wastes, Productivity, Quantifying, Soil, Spent oil.

BUSINESS ETHICS AND THE PERFORMANCE OF SERVICE FIRMS IN CALABAR, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA (Published)

This study investigates relevance of code of ethics on guiding the performance of service industry and examined also their compliance level on the established code of ethics. The study adopts descriptive research design while data were collated from 176 respondents cutting across selected Banks and GSM firms in Calabar, Cross River State. Our hypotheses were tested using Chi-square (X2) and all were supported by extant literatures. Results show that effective performance of service industry was dependent on code of ethics [X2cal = 18.082 > t 0.05 = 7.815] and that the compliance level of established code of ethics for service industry was high [X2cal = 13.801 > t 0.05 = 7.815]. Our findings therefore suggested that there should be specific procedures to always identify and deal with the issues of ethical misconduct; and it is important for organizations to increase punitive measures to violators of ethical codes.

Keywords: Business Ethics, Code of Ethics, Performance, Productivity

CORRELATE OF PORT PRODUCTIVITY COMPONENTS IN TIN CAN ISLAND PORT, APAPA, LAGOS (Published)

This study examined the relationship between cargo handling equipment and port productivity in Tin Can Island Port, Apapa, Lagos. This study made use of 50 plant operators as sampled size based on simple random sampling technique, in which questions like how storage capacity of Tin Can port could be analysed and what is the relationship between equipment and productivity in the port. These data were subsequently analyzed through regression analysis and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient. The result showed that port productivity components were few, unserviceable and obsolete, storage capacity was inadequate and unable to cater for the existing volume of cargo in pre – reform era. While in post – reform era more cargo handling equipment have been procured, storage capacity have been increased and expanded, latest cargo handling equipment with high lift capacity have been procured. Therefore, the study recommended that faulty cargo handling equipment should be repaired, government and other stakeholders should encourage research into areas of post productivity.

Keywords: Cargo throughput, Concession, Equipment, Productivity, Tons of Cargo

MEASURE THE RELATIONSHIP B BETWEEN THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGRICULTURAL LABOR FORCE AND INDICATORS OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IN IRAQ USING THE STYLE FACTOR ANALYSIS (Published)

We discussed in this research the effect of the distribution of the agricultural labor force in Iraq by indicators of economic growth for the period (1986-2010) using (Factor Analysis) and through the use of statistical software SPPS The results of the analysis showed the presence of a strong and significant effect correlation coefficients, which gives a clear picture of the existence of inherent linear (multi-linear) between these independent variables and their impact in the approved variables that represented respectively (contribution of the agricultural gross domestic product to GDP (Y1), simple agricultural GDP growth rate (Y2), average per capita agricultural GDP (Y3), average per capita agricultural output growth rate (Y4), the productivity of agricultural worker (Y5). The research showed results that workers without a certificate had an impact in the high productivity of agricultural worker which was used as one of the indicators of economic growth, because the agricultural process in Iraq was built on the basis of gaining experience through practicing work, in addition to its dependence on the younger age groups as a result of failure of agricultural technologies that do not require from the agricultural worker to be College educated

Keywords: Agricultural Labor, Distribution of Agricultural Labor Force, Factor analysis, Productivity, Public Sector, Ridge Regression

ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF INDIVIDUALS AND BUSINESS TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH CULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF WORK COMMITMENTS, ORGANIZATIONAL, SERVANT LEADER AND HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN DEALING ERA AEC (ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY) 2015 (Published)

This study aims to provide answers to most of the corporate world and the business world on the issue of increased productivity through the dimensions of organizational culture, organizational commitment, as well as servant leadership and human resource development in the era of the Asean Economic Community in 2015, due to the observation and size outside the lot’s values down to dimensions on Company productivity -Corporate, the more pemurunan value on productivity caused by an imbalance between leadership style and organizational culture and commitment arising from the individual, so that the level of productivity karyawanpun influence, and therefore researchers will examine issues very krausal to increase productivity levels through a variety of dimensions that influence to prepare the era of AEC Asean Economic Comunity 2015 and to increase productivity, especially in the organization and will examine the effect of productivity through organizational culture and commitment, human resource development for the era of AEC 2015 .Penelitian uses quantitative analysis and qualitative approaches to multiple linear regression analysis method, amous and using the software SPSS for Windows 20.0, of the findings are expected to be found positive results and can reflect the broader quality and certainty in order to help improve the level of productivity of the organization

Keywords: Organization Culture, Organizational Commitment, Productivity, Servant Leader