Technological Education and Productivity for National Development: National and Regional Failures (Published)
This empirical paper examined technological education and productivity for national development: national and regional failures. Its purpose was to examine and analyze those variables and offer suggestions for an improvement of the situation. Seven research questions were posed to provide a focus for arguments in this paper. There was a review of literature based on those research questions. It was found that technological education had fared well in policies and curriculum designs not in technological productivity; Dales Cone of Experience, Lancaster-Bell Monitorial teaching method and KISTEC Model were identified as better methods for teaching technological education; productivity continued to be primary agricultural produce and not technological goods with the country remaining underdeveloped; Nigeria failed by not providing an enabling technological environment generally and the South East in particular by taking advantage of technological breakthroughs by the ex-Biafrans. The South East geopolitical zone has failed by its apathy towards developing its natural endowment (technology). The paper concluded that there was need for not only vertical and horizontal collaborative research in technological education and innovations but also the production of technological goods. Several recommendations were made one of which was that there should be an establishment of a National Agency for Technological Inventions and Production (NATIP) that should coordinate technological inventions and their production for national development.
Examining the stream of consciousness/interior monologue as a method of narration for developing students’ thought and insight (Published)
The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of stream of consciousness as a method/technique for developing students’ thought using descriptive analytical and narration method. To verify this claim, the researcher conducted English literature course of 6 weeks (24 hours) for online learners who study English literature at Sudan Open University during the first semester of the year 2021. The researcher conducted qualitative and quantitative study to investigate learners’ flow of thoughts focusing on their perceptions of creating a new idea that is much broader than a range of events of a story. The participants of the study were (50) students at Sudan open university. The researcher used the questionnaire as a data gathering tool to investigate learners’ views toward the program, and used pre and posttests to investigate learners’ levels and the progress that happen in their levels after finishing the course of literature. Besides, many open ended questions of literature were used in order to give learners the chance to express their views about problems solving. The result of the pre and posttests was significantly different in favor of the post test. The levels of students were developed dramatically. The study recommends, the need of developing insight technique for learning English literature, not only by using narration, but also by creative thinking.
Work Environment and Employee Performance in the Public Service: A Study of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Anambra State, Nigeria (Published)
This work examines the effect of work environment on employee performance in Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University. It equally aims at ascertaining whether the social environment affect the productivity of workers of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University. In other to properly articulate the work, data was gotten from both the primary and secondary sources of data collection such as questionnaires, interviews, journals, periodicals, textbooks etc. The tables and percentages where used to display the data while the, chi-square was used in its analysis. Taro Yamane’s sample size determination was adopted to arrive at one hundred and fifty (150) as our sample size. Victor Vrooms Valence Expectancy theory was adopted as the theoretical framework of analysis. Based the foregoing, the study revealed that COOU’s working environment had an impact on members as far as the respondents are concerned. By implication, the institution needs to improve its physical working environment so that to influence employees to stay in the office, work comfortable and perform their job. It was recommended among other things that; Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University should have a good program in place for their employees work life balance as this can be a great factor to motivate and retain them. Management should try as much as possible to build a work environment that attracts, retain and motivate its employees so that to help them work comfortable and increase organization productivity; Employers should have in place a good working condition for their employees in order to boost their morale and made them more efficient. Finally, management should find ways and means of communicating their goals and strategies to their employees in order to achieve what the organization is in business for, its mission and vision.
Nutrient Requirements of Livestock for Sustainable Productivity in Tropical Africa: A Review (Published)
The objective of this paper was to review nutrient requirements of farm animals in other to improve feed supply and utilization for healthy sustainable livestock productivity in tropical Africa. Farm animals require nutrients to support body maintenance, reproduction, lactation, and growth. The nutritional needs of livestock vary according to breed, age, sex, class, stage of production, performance level and weight. Physiological and environmental stressors, such as sickness and weather, can also influence nutritional requirements of farm animals. Most livestock need carbohydrates, protein, minerals, vitamins and water. Identification of nutritional need of farm animals throughout the production cycle is paramount. Feeding animals without consideration to their nutrient requirements is tantamount to wasting time and resources. Matching animal requirements to nutrient value of feeds and using body condition score to fine tune the nutritional program of farm animals is also economically advantageous. Feed, whether purchased or produced on the farm, make up a large part of the expenses incurred in livestock production. Therefore, for profitable and healthy production, proper feeding and year-round management are essential. Without proper nutrition, it is impossible to produce a high-quality livestock, wean healthy heavy animals, and develop satisfactory flock replacements. All livestock producers should have a basic understanding of animal nutrition and should be familiar with common nutrition terms. Producers must also know the nutritional requirements of the animals at different stages of life. The ideal nutrition program supports optimum production, is efficient and economical, and minimizes related problems. In order to understand the fundamentals of livestock nutrition, the farmer must first know the nutrients essential for growth, production, and reproduction.
Capacity Building and Employee Productivity in the Nigeria Public Sector: A Study of Anambra State Civil Service Commission, Awka (Published)
The level of low productivity among workers especially in the public sector has left much to be desired training and development of employees have been championed as a remedy to this malaise. However, the paper examines the extent to which capacity building enhances the quality of service delivery in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka and to identify the factors that have been militating against capacity building of employees in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka. The survey design was adopted to guide the investigation. The population of the study is 280. The theoretical framework adopted was Organizational Development theory that was propounded by Kurt Lewin in 1950. The researcher used chi-square for testing the hypotheses. Moreover, the major findings of the study were that capacity building enhances the quality of service delivery in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka and that lack of training, insufficient fund and lack of modern technologies are the major factors militating against capacity building of employees in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka. The major recommendation was that government should make policy that will encourage continuous staff training and development of its workers so that the potentials of the employees would be adequately harnessed.
This study examined the effect of academics workload on academics productivity in Nigeria. Data were collected through questionnaire that was admitted 257 academics in faculties of Education, Sciences and Social and Management Sciences in Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko. Academics Productivity was measured by total number of research publication and conferences attended in the last 3years, Academic Workload was measured by academics service either professional or non-professional in last 3years and Family Responsibility was measured by number of dependent children and age of last child. The study adopted both descriptive and logistic regression analysis. The findings showed that academic workload and family responsibility affect academic productivity. It was recommended among others that government and policy makers should reduce academics workloads and academics with dependent relatives should be considered when allocating academic workload.
The Effect of Multi-Generational Workforce on Work Productivity in Mitsubishi Motors Philippines Corporation (Published)
The purpose of this study is to determine the various effects of multi-generational workforce on work productivity in Mitsubishi Motors Philippines Corporation. The company would benefit first hand from the findings derived from this study in successfuly leading and managing the multi-generational workforce with the presence of inspiring leadership and a strong company culture to support the employees in working towards the company’s vision and mission.
The Impact of Information Communication Technology on Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria (Published)
Today we live in an information society in which more people must manage more information, which in turn requires more technological support, which both demands and creates more information. Electronic technology and information are mutually reinforcing phenomena, and one of the key aspects of living in the information society is the growing level of interactions we have with this complex and increasingly electronic environment. The general consequence is that we deal with large volumes of information, new forms and aggregations of information, and new tools for working with information. These new tools we use to manage information at corporate, governmental and societal level are tools we must learn to use, pay for, and maintain. The primary tool of the information society is the computer. Microprocessors are used to improve the performance of other technologies, and computers are increasingly used to control and integrate other kinds of information technology (e.g. TV, radio, telephones).
Productivity of Artisanal Tin Mining in Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria (Published)
This study focuses on the assessment of artisanal tin mining productivity in Plateau State, Nigeria. The assessment is carried out in order to understand the level of productivity in place at the visited sites of work by the artisans, to identify the key constraints to on-site artisanal mining based on the views of the artisans to be able to proffer possible solution to the problem. The method of data collection was through the administration of well-structured questionnaire to fifty (50) respondents and the analysis of data acquired was carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel. Findings from this study reveal that the miners were largely indifferent on the risk worthiness of artisanal mining activities despite a mine work experience of 12.1 years. Artisanal tin miners in the study area largely self – sponsor (76.0%) themselves in the mine operations, hence the discouragement to pay tax and royalty to government. Both Loto-mining and open cast methods were used as methods of mining. Assessment of operation productivity indicated that a typical artisanal tin miner work almost every day of the week (6.73 days) while they also work 11 hours per day. With 28.2kg production per week, tin mining productivity by the artisans was 4.19 kg per day. Artisanal miners’ experience (P<0.01), gender of artisan (P<0.10) and age of artisan (P<0.05) were all positively related to production output; while hours of work per day (P<0.05), marital status of artisan (P<0.05) were negatively related to artisanal mining output in the study area. The mean male production output was significantly higher than the production of female production output. Poor product pricing (68.0%), poor organized market (68.0%), issues with nearby communities (96.0%), issues with employers (56.0%) and inadequate technology (92.0%) were the notable production challenges encountered during artisanal mining.
Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (Icts) On Agricultural Productivity among Smallholder Farmers: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Communities (Published)
The study was carried out to assess the impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) among smallholder farmers in Northern Nigeria during October 2015 and September 2016 cropping season. Data were collected with structured questionnaires distributed to 200 smallholder farmers. The study used a multiple stage random sampling procedure to select farming household. Likert type scales were used to analyze the data. The main aim of the study was to find out the impact of ICTs on the agricultural productivity and welfare of the respondents. The t-test result revealed that ICT Services Short Message (SMS text reminders) had positive and significant impact (P<0.001**) on the agricultural productivity of smallholder farmers. The findings showed that 52% of the respondents experienced rapid increases in their crops productivity; and improved standard of living of the farmer as a result of the ICT Services Short Message (SMS text reminders). In addition, a large proportion (92%) of the respondents revealed that ICT Services Short Message (SMS text reminders) are beneficial to them. The results also revealed that radio, mobile phone and television among others were the most available ICT devices to the smallholder farmers in the area. However, the results obtained showed that radio and mobile phone were the most readily available ICT device with 97% and 85.8% respectively. The study however recommended that the Federal Government should create an enabling environment towards improved rural infrastructure and access to internet and other mobile communication technologies for rural people which would improve the overall use of ICT facilities. In addition, the Nigerian Government should establish ICT training centers in all the rural areas and educate farmers on the benefits of ICTs. Lastly, the study also suggested that there is a need for the development of ICT skills among agricultural extension workers and farmers in rural Nigeria
This study investigated lecturers’ workload and productivity in Universities in Delta State. Six research questions were answered and six corresponding null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study comprised 164 Heads of Department (HODs) in six public and private universities in Delta State. A sample of 115 HODs were drawn through stratified random sampling technique and used for the study. Two instruments titled ‘Lecturers Workload Scale’ (LWS) and ‘Lecturers’ Productivity Scale’ (LPS) were used for data collection. Face and content validities of the instruments were ensured by experts. The reliability coefficients of the instruments (LWS and LPS) were determined using Cronbach Alpha reliability estimate and the reliability coefficient of the LWS was 0.72 while that for LPS was 0.74. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to answer research questions 1,2,3,4 and 5. The corresponding hypotheses were subjected to 0.05 alpha level of significance. Research question 6 was answered using Multiple Regression while ANOVA associated with multiple regressions were used to test hypothesis 6. It was found that, there is significant high negative relationship between lecturers teaching workload, marking workload, supervision of students’ project workload, research workload and participation in community service workload and productivity in Universities in Delta State independently and jointly taken. It was recommended among others that lecturers should always ensure that their teaching activities are well prioritized so as to give adequate attention to the learning needs of students.
This is a paper review of work presented at the Machakos University second International Conference in Kenya. Using library research and reflection, document and content analysis were used to generate data, The East African region covered in the paper is that of the six countries set up as the East African Community in 2000. Their economies are reliant on agriculture with low agricultural productivity demonstrating some inabilities in poverty reduction as the majority of the farmers are smallholder farmers engaging mostly women labor. Food and nutrition security are not assured. The agricultural commodities for exports are not so competitive because of the low agricultural value chain with little value addition. The countries are sliding into being net importers of food despite having a huge potential for agriculture and the natural resources possessed. A green revolution, alignment of research and value addition of agricultural commodities including better infrastructure and markets will better their economies.
Effects of Perceived Information Technology Object, Perceived Information Technology Knowledge and Perceived Information Technology Operation on Employees Productivity (Published)
The study investigated the effects of information technology capability dimensions: IT objects (infrastructure), IT knowledge and IT operation on employee’s productivity. The entire population (N=51) of the School of Business, FCET Gombe were considered for the study. The sample is deemed adequate going by the software used. SmartPLS version 3 was used for the analysis. The result from the analysis and hypotheses testing suggest that three IT dimension have positive effects on employee’s productivity. The study offers some recommendation and propose avenues for future researches.
Reassessing the Link between Government Spending on Education and National Development in Nigeria (Published)
The study examined the relationship between government spending on education and national development in Nigeria using secondary data from the period 2001 to 2017. The study adopted gross domestic product as proxy for national development and the dependent variable; while government spending on education (representing Federal Government annual budgetary provision for the education sector) and inflation were used as the explanatory variables. Time series data for the study period was collected from the Federal Ministry of Finance, Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Official Gazette. The study employed descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis based on the E-view 10 software as techniques of data analysis. The results provided evidence that government spending of education had significant positive effect on national development (at 5% level), while inflation had an insignificant effect on national development (at 13%). Overall, the study concluded that government spending on education has statistically significant positive effect on national at 5% with a probability of F-statistics value of 0.000000. This means that government spending on education will enhance the availability of high level manpower that will ultimately bring about improvements in productivity leading to increase in national development. Based the findings, the study recommend that government should increase annual budgetary allocation to education sector to 26% of total annual budget in line with the UNESCO requirements; that the responsible organs of government should set targets and goals aimed at minimizing as much as possible (if not completely eradicating) misappropriation of funds.
Vocational Education Needs of Cucumber Farmers for enhancing Productivity in Ikwerre Local Government Areas of Rivers State (Published)
This study examined the vocational education needs of cucumber farmers for enhancing productivity in Ikwerre local government areas of Rivers State. The population of the study comprised of 108 registered cucumber farmers in the study area. The study adopted a census study as the entire population was used. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Data were collected using well validated and structured questionnaire and interview. The reliability coefficient (r) of 0.81 was established using test-retest method. Data were analyzed descriptively using Mean and Standard Deviation with criterion mean value of 2.50 and above, while z-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that farmers need vocational education for good knowledge in selection of site, mulching techniques, identify good seed variety and determine the need for soil treatment among others. The study also showed that cucumber farmers need vocational education to be skillful on the removal of old and diseased cucumber plants from the field, apply foliar herbicides to control disease infections. Based on the findings the study recommended that Rivers State government should direct the vocational education centers to integrate the identified skills in commercial cucumber production enterprises into skill acquisition centers for training youths for employment and retraining farmers for competency on the job. Cucumber farmers in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State should also be encouraged and motivated to enroll into Vocational Education centers in the state to learn the skills needed in commercial cucumber production for sustainable living.
The Effect of Tax Audit on Productivity of Internal Revenue Service: Cross River State Experience (Published)
This paper focused on the effect of tax audit on productivity of Cross River State Board of Internal revenue service. The result of the study showed that tax audit strategies have direct insignificant relationship with productivity. However, tax audit is employed by the relevant tax authority (RTA) to achieve target revenue and also reduces the problem of tax evasion and avoidance. The study further revealed that tax payers do not usually cooperate with tax audit personnel during audit. That the relevant tax authority should put policies in place that would enable tax payers to cooperate with tax audit personnel during audit exercise.
Assessment of Technology Adoption in Maize Production by Small Scale Farmers: Case of Perkerra Irrigation Scheme, Baringo County, Kenya (Published)
Maize is one stable food grownall over Kenya including Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. However, over the years, its production has been on decline due to many challenges including; decrease in land as result of increase in population, loss of soil fertility, use outdated technologies which in return would sustain or increase production. Despite the availability of these technologies, small scale farmers in Perkerra irrigation scheme had not yet adopted them. The purpose of study was to determine the influence of the extension services, access and utilization of available information on modern techniques and social economic factors hindering the adoption. The study targeted 798 farmers from Loropil, Ng’oswe,Ng’ambo and Labos. Multi stage sampling was applied to draw a total of 100 participants. Data was collected by the use of questionnaires which applied both closed and open ended questions. Data was analyzed by the use of Multiple Linear Regression method so as to get the coefficients of the independent variables and the importance on the adoption of technology. Spearman’s method was also used to determine the correlation coefficient. The results showed that 53% and 43 % of the respondents were males and females respectively. 47% whose education level was 57% attained primary level. Social economic factors were significant in determining the level of technology adoption at 95% level of significance and it had a p-value of 0.03 and hence statistically important. Most farmers (58%) received extension services from the Kenya Seed Company. Radio and public assembly (Baraza) was the main source of information. Based on these findings, both the county and national government should employ more extension officers and ensure subsidization of the basic farm inputs like seeds and fertilizers.
This research study investigated the effect of work environment on employee productivity using Edo City Transport Service whether inadequacy of the various conditional factors can affect productivity of employee. The objective of this study therefore geared towards ascertaining whether the nature of work environment lead to low productivity, absenteeism and lateness among employees. With the objective of the study in mind, this research project work focused on examining the effect of work environment. To achieve the study objectives and for the purpose of this seminar paper, secondary data were collected and analyzed as well. From the research findings, if good office environment is provided for employees, it will go a long way to enhance their morale and performance. Also, if office is neat, noiseless, properly arranged well lighted and ventilated, employees will feel a sense of belonging and this will make them to work efficiently and effectively. Good physical working environment inspires workers to spend more time in their various offices, employees responded emotionally better towards the provision of good office environment by not absenting themselves unnecessarily from work, lateness to work and other negative attitude will be drastically reduced. Good working environment increase individual output therefore leading to growth of the organization. Based on the research study findings, the researcher recommended the followings: The organization should map out programme for provision of good work environment to increase productivity and of promoting occupational safety and health of workers. The organization should ensure that the office of its workers is always clean, tiding up and properly arranged for easy movement and comfortable to the workers and customers.
Recently, there have been concerns about the attitude of some secretaries or administrative assistants in various organisations across Ghana and this has been blamed on several factors. This study subjects the types of leadership styles to productivity of secretaries or administrative assistants in the public sector in Ghana. The study adopted quantitative approach and survey as a research design. This enabled the researchers to take primary data from large number of respondents. It was found out that Leadership is not attached to a particular style but uses a style that may fit the situation or circumstance they face. Many secretaries and administrative assistants are aware of the competences needed to perform their role. However, these competences are not in use or exhibited by this category of employees. Autocratic leadership style does not necessary lead to high turnover and absenteeism, low productivity and distortion of communication.
Good Leadership, Planning and Decision-Making Is A Panacea to Improved Productivity of Workers (Published)
The study ascertains that good leadership, planning and decision making is a panacea to improved productivity of workers. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. Using a simple random sampling techniques, 100 workers were selected to form the sample size of the study. Data gathered through questionnaires was analyzed using mean scores. The findings of the study revealed that organizations that have good leadership, planning and decision-making processes, make available the right tools for work performance, record and acknowledged the improved productivity of workers. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made: Having discussed the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made. Organizations and other employers of labour who have not created enabling working environment should create one in other to enhance productivity. The job situation must be good/clearly communicated and merits must be fairly compensated. Employers should develop a family kind of relationship within and among their workers so that they can get the best out of the workers. Provide proper motivation that would leads to better working habits and increased productivity. In conclusion, organizations that set relevant goals and objectives should communicate same to the workers in clear terms, and provide modern technologies for job performance to achieve maximum productivity.