Tag Archives: Productivity

The Effect of Multi-Generational Workforce on Work Productivity in Mitsubishi Motors Philippines Corporation (Published)

The purpose of this study is to determine the various effects of multi-generational workforce on work productivity in Mitsubishi Motors Philippines Corporation.  The company would benefit first hand from the findings derived from this study in successfuly leading and managing the multi-generational workforce with the presence of inspiring leadership and a strong company culture to support the employees in working towards the company’s vision and mission.

Keywords: : Generation, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Generation Y, Generation Z, Productivity

The Impact of Information Communication Technology on Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria (Published)

Today we live in an information society in which more people must manage more information, which in turn requires more technological support, which both demands and creates more information. Electronic technology and information are mutually reinforcing phenomena, and one of the key aspects of living in the information society is the growing level of interactions we have with this complex and increasingly electronic environment. The general consequence is that we deal with large volumes of information, new forms and aggregations of information, and new tools for working with information. These new tools we use to manage information at corporate, governmental and societal level are tools we must learn to use, pay for, and maintain. The primary tool of the information society is the computer. Microprocessors are used to improve the performance of other technologies, and computers are increasingly used to control and integrate other kinds of information technology (e.g. TV, radio, telephones).

Keywords: Enterprise, Globalization, Productivity, economic factor and information communication technology, public infracture

Productivity of Artisanal Tin Mining in Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria (Published)

This study focuses on the assessment of artisanal tin mining productivity in Plateau State, Nigeria. The assessment is carried out in order to understand the level of productivity in place at the visited sites of work by the artisans, to identify the key constraints to on-site artisanal mining based on the views of the artisans to be able to proffer possible solution to the problem.  The method of data collection was through the administration of well-structured questionnaire to fifty (50) respondents and the analysis of data acquired was carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel. Findings from this study reveal that the miners were largely indifferent on the risk worthiness of artisanal mining activities despite a mine work experience of 12.1 years. Artisanal tin miners in the study area largely self – sponsor (76.0%) themselves in the mine operations, hence the discouragement to pay tax and royalty to government. Both Loto-mining and open cast methods were used as methods of mining. Assessment of operation productivity indicated that a typical artisanal tin miner work almost every day of the week (6.73 days) while they also work 11 hours per day. With 28.2kg production per week, tin mining productivity by the artisans was 4.19 kg per day. Artisanal miners’ experience (P<0.01), gender of artisan (P<0.10) and age of artisan (P<0.05) were all positively related to production output; while hours of work per day (P<0.05), marital status of artisan (P<0.05) were negatively related to artisanal mining output in the study area. The mean male production output was significantly higher than the production of female production output. Poor product pricing (68.0%), poor organized market (68.0%), issues with nearby communities (96.0%), issues with employers (56.0%) and inadequate technology (92.0%) were the notable production challenges encountered during artisanal mining.

Keywords: Productivity, Tin Mining, artisan, mining output, production output

Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (Icts) On Agricultural Productivity among Smallholder Farmers: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Communities (Published)

The study was carried out to assess the impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) among smallholder farmers in Northern Nigeria during October 2015 and September 2016 cropping season.  Data were collected with structured questionnaires distributed to 200 smallholder farmers. The study used a multiple stage random sampling procedure to select farming household.  Likert type scales were used to analyze the data.  The main aim of the study was to find out the impact of ICTs on the agricultural productivity and welfare of the respondents.  The t-test result revealed that ICT Services Short Message (SMS text reminders) had positive and significant impact (P<0.001**) on the agricultural productivity of smallholder farmers.  The findings showed that 52% of the respondents experienced rapid increases in their crops productivity; and improved standard of living of the farmer as a result of the ICT Services Short Message (SMS text reminders).  In addition, a large proportion (92%) of the respondents revealed that ICT Services Short Message (SMS text reminders) are beneficial to them.  The results also revealed that radio, mobile phone and television among others were the most available ICT devices to the smallholder farmers in the area.  However, the results obtained showed that radio and mobile phone were the most readily available ICT device with 97% and 85.8% respectively.  The study however recommended that the Federal Government should create an enabling environment towards improved rural infrastructure and access to internet and other mobile communication technologies for rural people which would improve the overall use of ICT facilities.  In addition, the Nigerian Government should establish ICT training centers in all the rural areas and educate farmers on the benefits of ICTs.  Lastly, the study also suggested that there is a need for the development of ICT skills among agricultural extension workers and farmers in rural Nigeria

Keywords: Mobile Phone, Productivity, Radio, SMS text reminder, smallholders

Lecturers’ Workload and Productivity in Universities in Delta State (Published)

This study investigated lecturers’ workload and productivity in Universities in Delta State. Six research questions were answered and six corresponding null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study comprised 164 Heads of Department (HODs) in six public and private universities in Delta State. A sample of 115 HODs were drawn through stratified random sampling technique and used for the study. Two instruments titled ‘Lecturers Workload Scale’ (LWS) and ‘Lecturers’ Productivity Scale’ (LPS) were used for data collection. Face and content validities of the instruments were ensured by experts. The reliability coefficients of the instruments (LWS and LPS) were determined using Cronbach Alpha reliability estimate and the reliability coefficient of the LWS was 0.72 while that for LPS was 0.74. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to answer research questions 1,2,3,4 and 5. The corresponding hypotheses were subjected to 0.05 alpha level of significance. Research question 6 was answered using Multiple Regression while ANOVA associated with multiple regressions were used to test hypothesis 6. It was found that, there is significant high negative relationship between lecturers teaching workload, marking workload, supervision of students’ project workload, research workload and participation in community service workload and productivity in Universities in Delta State independently and jointly taken. It was recommended among others that lecturers should always ensure that their teaching activities are well prioritized so as to give adequate attention to the learning needs of students.

Keywords: Lecturer, Productivity, Universities, Workload

Concerns on Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Security in East Africa (Published)

This is a paper review of work presented at the Machakos University second International Conference in Kenya. Using library research and reflection, document and content analysis were used to generate data, The East African region covered in the paper is that of the six countries set up as the East African Community in 2000. Their economies are reliant on agriculture with low agricultural productivity demonstrating some inabilities in poverty reduction as the majority of the farmers are smallholder farmers engaging mostly women labor. Food and nutrition security are not assured. The agricultural commodities for exports are not so competitive because of the low agricultural value chain with little value addition. The countries are sliding into being net importers of food despite having a huge potential for agriculture and the natural resources possessed. A green revolution, alignment of research and value addition of agricultural commodities including better infrastructure and markets will better their economies.

Keywords: Agriculture, Community, Productivity, Value addition, food and nutrition security

Effects of Perceived Information Technology Object, Perceived Information Technology Knowledge and Perceived Information Technology Operation on Employees Productivity (Published)

The study investigated the effects of information technology capability dimensions: IT objects (infrastructure), IT knowledge and IT operation on employee’s productivity. The entire population (N=51) of the School of Business, FCET Gombe were considered for the study.  The sample is deemed adequate going by the software used. SmartPLS version 3 was used for the analysis. The result from the analysis and hypotheses testing suggest that three IT dimension have positive effects on employee’s productivity. The study offers some recommendation and propose avenues for future researches.

Keywords: Employees, Information Technology, Productivity, object, perceived information technology knowledge, perceived information technology operation

Reassessing the Link between Government Spending on Education and National Development in Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the relationship between government spending on education and national development in Nigeria using secondary data from the period 2001 to 2017. The study adopted gross domestic product as proxy for national development and the dependent variable; while government spending on education (representing Federal Government annual budgetary provision for the education sector) and inflation were used as the explanatory variables. Time series data for the study period was collected from the Federal Ministry of Finance, Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Official Gazette. The study employed descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis based on the E-view 10 software as techniques of data analysis. The results provided evidence that government spending of education had significant positive effect on national development (at 5% level), while inflation had an insignificant effect on national development (at 13%). Overall, the study concluded that government spending on education has statistically significant positive effect on national at 5% with a probability of F-statistics value of 0.000000.  This means that government spending on education will enhance the availability of high level manpower that will ultimately bring about improvements in productivity leading to increase in national development. Based the findings, the study recommend that government should increase annual budgetary allocation to education sector to 26% of total annual budget in line with the UNESCO requirements; that the responsible organs of government should set targets and goals aimed at minimizing as much as possible (if not completely eradicating) misappropriation of funds.

Keywords: Education, Government spending, Inflation, National Development, Output, Productivity

Vocational Education Needs of Cucumber Farmers for enhancing Productivity in Ikwerre Local Government Areas of Rivers State (Published)

This study examined the vocational education needs of cucumber farmers for enhancing productivity in Ikwerre local government areas of Rivers State. The population of the study comprised of 108 registered cucumber farmers in the study area. The study adopted a census study as the entire population was used. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Data were collected using well validated and structured questionnaire and interview. The reliability coefficient (r) of 0.81 was established using test-retest method. Data were analyzed descriptively using Mean and Standard Deviation with criterion mean value of 2.50 and above, while z-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that farmers need vocational education for good knowledge in selection of site, mulching techniques, identify good seed variety and determine the need for soil treatment among others. The study also showed that cucumber farmers need vocational education to be skillful on the removal of old and diseased cucumber plants from the field, apply foliar herbicides to control disease infections. Based on the findings the study recommended that Rivers State government should direct the vocational education centers to integrate the identified skills in commercial cucumber production enterprises into skill acquisition centers for training youths for employment and retraining farmers for competency on the job. Cucumber farmers in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State should also be encouraged and motivated to enroll into Vocational Education centers in the state to learn the skills needed in commercial cucumber production for sustainable living.

 

Keywords: Cucumber, Needs, Productivity, Vocational education, farming

The Effect of Tax Audit on Productivity of Internal Revenue Service: Cross River State Experience (Published)

This paper focused on the effect of tax audit on productivity of Cross River State Board of Internal revenue service. The result of the study showed that tax audit strategies have direct insignificant relationship with productivity. However, tax audit is employed by the relevant tax authority (RTA) to achieve target revenue and also reduces the problem of tax evasion and avoidance. The study further revealed that tax payers do not usually cooperate with tax audit personnel during audit. That the relevant tax authority should put policies in place that would enable tax payers to cooperate with tax audit personnel during audit exercise.

Keywords: Audit Quality, IRS, Productivity, Tax

Assessment of Technology Adoption in Maize Production by Small Scale Farmers: Case of Perkerra Irrigation Scheme, Baringo County, Kenya (Published)

Maize is one stable food grownall over Kenya including Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. However, over the years, its production has been on decline due to many challenges including; decrease in land as result of increase in population, loss of soil fertility, use outdated technologies which in return would sustain or increase production. Despite the availability of these technologies, small scale farmers in Perkerra irrigation scheme had not yet adopted them. The purpose of study was to determine the influence of the extension services, access and utilization of available information on modern techniques and social economic factors hindering the adoption. The study targeted 798 farmers from Loropil, Ng’oswe,Ng’ambo and Labos. Multi stage sampling was applied to draw a total of 100 participants. Data was collected by the use of questionnaires which applied both closed and open ended questions. Data was analyzed by the use of Multiple Linear Regression method so as to get the coefficients of the independent variables and the importance on the adoption of technology. Spearman’s method was also used to determine the correlation coefficient. The results showed that 53% and 43 % of the respondents were males and females respectively. 47% whose education level was 57% attained primary level. Social economic factors were significant in determining the level of technology adoption at 95% level of significance and it had a p-value of 0.03 and hence statistically important. Most farmers (58%) received extension services from the Kenya Seed Company. Radio and public assembly (Baraza) was the main source of information. Based on these findings, both the county and national government should employ more extension officers and ensure subsidization of the basic farm inputs like seeds and fertilizers.

Keywords: Adoption, Productivity, Technology

The Effect of Work Environment on Employee Productivity (Published)

This research study investigated the effect of work environment on employee productivity using Edo City Transport Service whether inadequacy of the various conditional factors can affect productivity of employee. The objective of this study therefore geared towards ascertaining whether the nature of work environment lead to low productivity, absenteeism and lateness among employees. With the objective of the study in mind, this research project work focused on examining the effect of work environment. To achieve the study objectives and for the purpose of this seminar paper, secondary data were collected and analyzed as well. From the research findings, if good office environment is provided for employees, it will go a long way to enhance their morale and performance. Also, if office is neat, noiseless, properly arranged well lighted and ventilated, employees will feel a sense of belonging and this will make them to work efficiently and effectively. Good physical working environment inspires workers to spend more time in their various offices, employees responded emotionally better towards the provision of good office environment by not absenting themselves unnecessarily from work, lateness to work and other negative attitude will be drastically reduced. Good working environment increase individual output therefore leading to growth of the organization. Based on the research study findings, the researcher recommended the followings: The organization should map out programme for provision of good work environment to increase productivity and of promoting occupational safety and health of workers. The organization should ensure that the office of its workers is always clean, tiding up and properly arranged for easy movement and comfortable to the workers and customers.

Keywords: Environment, Job Security, Loading Bay, Morale, Productivity, Prospective

Effects of Leadership Styles on Productivity of Secretaries in the Public Sector (Published)

Recently, there have been concerns about the attitude of some secretaries or administrative assistants in various organisations across Ghana and this has been blamed on several factors. This study subjects the types of leadership styles to productivity of secretaries or administrative assistants in the public sector in Ghana. The study adopted quantitative approach and survey as a research design. This enabled the researchers to take primary data from large number of respondents. It was found out that Leadership is not attached to a particular style but uses a style that may fit the situation or circumstance they face. Many secretaries and administrative assistants are aware of the competences needed to perform their role. However, these competences are not in use or exhibited by this category of employees. Autocratic leadership style does not necessary lead to high turnover and absenteeism, low productivity and distortion of communication.

 

Keywords: Autocratic, Democratic, Human-Relations., Leadership, Performance, Productivity

Good Leadership, Planning and Decision-Making Is A Panacea to Improved Productivity of Workers (Published)

The study ascertains that good leadership, planning and decision making is a panacea to improved productivity of workers.  Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. Using a  simple random sampling techniques, 100 workers were selected to form the sample size of the study. Data gathered through questionnaires was analyzed using mean scores.  The findings of the study revealed that organizations that have good leadership, planning and decision-making processes, make available the right tools for work performance, record and acknowledged the  improved productivity of workers.  Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made: Having discussed the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made. Organizations and other employers of labour who have not created enabling working environment should create one in other to enhance productivity.  The job situation must be good/clearly communicated and  merits must be fairly compensated.  Employers should develop a family kind of relationship within and among their workers so that they can get the best out of the workers.  Provide proper motivation that would leads to better working habits and increased productivity.  In conclusion, organizations that set relevant goals and objectives should communicate same to the workers in clear terms, and provide modern technologies for job performance to achieve maximum productivity.

Keywords: Decision Making, Leadership, Planning, Productivity

The Effect of Work Environment on Employee Productivity: A Case Study of Edo City Transport Services Benin City, Edo State Nigeria (Published)

This research study investigated the effect of work environment on employee productivity using Edo City Transport Service whether inadequacy of the various conditional factors can affect productivity of employee. The objective of this study therefore geared towards ascertaining whether the nature of work environment lead to low productivity, absenteeism and lateness among employees. With the objective of the study in mind, this research project work focused on examining the effect of work environment. To achieve the study objectives and for the purpose of this seminar paper, secondary data were collected and analyzed as well. From the research findings, if good office environment is provided for employees, it will go a long way to enhance their morale and performance. Also, if office is neat, noiseless, properly arranged well lighted and ventilated, employees will feel a sense of belonging and this will make them to work efficiently and effectively. Good physical working environment inspires workers to spend more time in their various offices, employees responded emotionally better towards the provision of good office environment by not absenting themselves unnecessarily from work, lateness to work and other negative attitude will be drastically reduced. Good working environment increase individual output therefore leading to growth of the organization. Based on the research study findings, the researcher recommended the followings: The organization should map out programme for provision of good work environment to increase productivity and of promoting occupational safety and health of workers. The organization should ensure that the office of its workers is always clean, tiding up and properly arranged for easy movement and comfortable to the workers and customers.

Keywords: Environment, Job Security, Loading Bay, Morale, Productivity, Prospective

Effect of Crop Intensification Program on Maize Production in Nyagatare, Rwanda (Published)

This study was conducted in Nyagatare district located in the Eastern Province of Rwanda. Its objective was to assess the effect of the Crop Intensification program (CIP) on maize production in Nyagatare district.   Improved seeds, Inorganic fertilizers, Extension services and Land Use Consolidation were the major variables for consideration in this study and assessment was made as to the contribution they made to maize production in CIP in the study area .  The study focused on 24 cooperatives with 97 respondents. It used qualitative approaches to generate the opinion of respondents where data was not readily available and also quantitative methods where both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data was collected using questionnaires from random sample of 97 farmers, and it considered the socio-economic characteristics of farmers while Secondary data was collected from different sources, like Ministry of Agriculture, District offices, Agriculture Sector working Group (ASWG) reports , books, reports and internet.. The research used correlation and regression techniques  Research findings revealed that youth and educated people’s engagement in agricultural activities  is minimal, that Extension services has not influenced maize production significantly and also that men constitute a bigger proportion of the agriculture work force than women  creating a gender gap in the sector. Improved seeds influence significantly maize production more than other independent variables in this study

Keywords: Agricultural inputs, Agro-dealers, Cooperatives, Crop Intensification program, Extension services, Land Use Consolidation, Production, Productivity

Labour Turnover and Productivity among Employees in Selected Brewing Firms in Southwestern Nigeria (Published)

The study identified the causes of labour turnover and its effect on productivity among employees in the brewing industry in Southwestern Nigeria.  This was with a view to providing information for management policy makers on maintaining a constant workforce particularly of the skilled and exceptional workers for increased productivity.  The method of data collection was questionnaire to elicit information on causes of labour turnover, and the resultant effects on employee’s productivity. Data were analysed using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics such as analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results underscored the significant effect of training and career development, job satisfaction and family ties on labour turnover.  The study concluded that there was significant effect of labour turnover on employees’ productivity with R square = 0.076, P = 0000 which shows that 7.6% of the variation in employees’ productivity in the brewing industry in Southwestern Nigeria was due to labour turnover. 

Keywords: Family Ties, Job Satisfaction, Labour turnover, Productivity, Training and Career Development

The Impact of Motivation on Employee Performances: A Case Study of Karmasangsthan Bank Limited, Bangladesh. (Published)

Employees are the heart of any organization. For any organization to operate smoothly and without any interruption, employee cooperation cannot be replaced with anything else. It is of utmost importance that the employees of an organization not only have a good relationship with the top management, but also they maintain a healthy and professional relationship with their coworkers. The following study is a self-conducted research on how motivational tools impact the performance of employee for betterment. The study also focused on de-motivation factors affecting employee performance negatively. A sample of individuals was selected and was interviewed with a self-administrated questionnaire to obtain primary data. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis methods. The results obtained indicate that if employees are positively motivated, it improves both their effectiveness and efficiency drastically for achieving organizational goals.

Keywords: Decision Making, Employee, Employee Engagement, Motivation, Organizational Performances and Job satisfaction, Organizational goals, Productivity

A Case for Government-Industry Policy on Inventory Management Technology for Enhanced Productivity and GDP Growth Rate in Nigeria (Published)

Today’s development is not possible without advanced technology. In the area of manufacturing, technology is quickly changing the way in which stock is handled and controlled for enhanced productivity. Sophisticated information gathering systems can track items from the purchase order to the final customer on the sales chain. Automation can dramatically impact all phases of inventory management, including counting, monitoring, recording and retrieval of items, storage location; recording changes to inventory; and anticipating inventory needs, including inventory handling requirements. The manufacturing and retail industries, worldwide, have created standards to take advantage of new technologies and computerized systems such as the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), barcodes, vending machines, warehouse technology management system, etc. All these provide accurate inventory information on a constant basis thus, enhance organisation’s productivity and increase its competitive edge over companies that are slow to take advantage of these new technologies. Finding the position of Nigerian manufacturing firms in this equation was the major focus of the study. Results indicated poor performance. Based on that, a case for government-industry policy framework that will make it mandatory for manufacturers in Nigeria to use technology-based inventory management system for enhanced productivity and GDP growth was made by the authors.

Keywords: GDP growth, Industry Policy, Inventory Management, Productivity, Technology

Impact of Growth on the Job and Development of Human Capabilities on Employee Productivity among Selected Nigerian Five-Star Hotels (Published)

The need for organizations to use growth and development programmes to enhance employee productivity is incontestable. The contingency employment policies in Nigerian five-star hotels however, may not create the right atmosphere for growth and development prospects of the employees which may impair their levels of productivity. The study was prompted out of the desire to ascertain the extent to which growth on the job and development of human capabilities impact employee productivity in five-Star hotels in Nigeria. The survey design was adopted. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Regression analysis and Partial Correlation were used for data analysis. The study found that both growth on the job and development of human capabilities have significant impact employee productivity. However, employees’ productivity reduced by 12 percent when the development of human capabilities was not accompanied by growth on the job. Nevertheless, the difference was only two percent when growth on the job was provided in isolation of development of human capabilities. This means that although both growth and development have strong nexus with employee productivity, separately, employee growth enhances productivity more than development in Nigerian five-star hotels. The study recommended that Nigerian hotels, whether private or public, should stop its contingency employment policy and adopt an alternative policy of regular employment that based on permanency. Employee growth should be guided by Management by Objectives (MBO) so that recognition, reward and promotion of staff will be based strictly on level of employee productivity. Also, the hotel industry in Nigeria should train their staff at least once every year in core competences in line with global best practice.

Keywords: 5-Star Hotel, Employee Development, Growth on the Job, Productivity