Relationship between Leadership in International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) and Performance of Private University Campuses in Eldoret, Kenya (Published)
University education plays a major role in the development of any country’s economy. The performance of universities is thus greatly dependent on the quality of education and related services provided therein. However, the extent to which International Organization for Standardization (ISO) certification enhances performance of universities still remains debatable, given the problems faced by these universities. This paper assesses leadership in universities as a component of ISO certification in relation to organisational performance. The authors look at perspectives from selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. Objectively, the study sought to determine the relationship between leadership and organisational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. Guided by Juran’s Theory of Quality, a correlational research design was adopted to compare the two variables. The target population comprised 1752 students and teaching staff. Nassiuma’s formula was used to obtain a sample size of 199 on which simple random sampling technique was applied. Collected data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Pearson correlation and multiple regression were used to show the relationship between leadership and organisational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. The study found that there was a significant relationship between leadership and organizational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. In conclusion, leadership enhances organisational performance. This paper recommends that universities should not only get ISO certified but remain faithful to the requirements and standards especially the aspect of leadership to ensure organisational performance.
Relationship between Category of University and Lecturers’ Job Satisfaction in Universities in Kenya (Published)
Lecturers’ job satisfaction is considered an all round unit of an institution’s human resource strategies. The category of University (public or private) in which the lecturers belong may have an effect on their levels of job satisfaction. This paper analyses the relationship between category of university and lecturers’ job satisfaction in Universities in Kenya. A mixed methods design was adopted for the study which targeted academic staff of chartered public and private universities in the Rift Valley Region of Kenya. The sampling method employed was census, and a total of eight chartered universities (six public and two private) participated in the study. The participating universities were labelled 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, in order to conceal their identities. Descriptive statistics, the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the independent-samples t-test was employed in the study. The study found out that chartered public universities’ staff were more satisfied compared to those in the private universities.
Employee Job Satisfaction in Nigerian Tertiary Institution: A comparative study of Academic Staff in Public and Private Universities (Published)
The paper examines the difference that exists in the level of job satisfaction between academic staff in private and public tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Centred on detailed review of literature, the hypothesis formulated for research is whether academic staff in public universities are more satisfied with their jobs compared to academic staff in private universities. The variables with which job satisfaction was measured are recognition, pay and working condition. The sample of the study comprise 120 academic staff – 88 members of staff from a public university and 32 academic staff from a private university within Kwara state, Nigeria. Questionnaires were used as the instrument with which primary data was collected. Independent ‘’t’’ test was performed to obtain the difference in job satisfaction between both sectors of tertiary institution. Also, oral interviews were arbitrarily conducted with 8 academic staff from both universities. The findings of the research indicate that a significant difference in job satisfaction exists between academic staff in private and public universities in Nigeria. The result also showed the following: 1. Academic staff in private universities have better working conditions 2. Academic staff in public universities have better payment package 3. Academic staff in private universities are more recognised for their job. Recommendations were offered by researcher to cater for the short-falls identified from the dichotomy in job satisfaction from both sectors 1. private-public interaction 2.To enhance job satisfaction of academic staff in private universities, Government should formulate policies that will cater for other incentives, such as enjoyed by academic staff in public universities.
Information Systems Security Risk Management (ISSRM) Model in Kenyan Private Chartered Universities (Published)
This paper proposes a risk management model that can allow universities implement secure information systems. Specifically the paper appraises IS security in the universities and their requirements with a focus on how IS security risks can be managed. The appraisal assisted the researchers to understand the effectiveness of information security management in institutions of higher learning in Kenya. From the survey we carried out, it’s clear that the universities face serious IS security challenges. Based on the issues identified as affecting information security management and the role they play to ensure secure systems at the universities, we propose recommendations to improvements in information security management in institutions of higher learning. This paper proposes an encompassing model to organize specific aspects of ISSRM as per the ISO/IEC 27001:2013 standard and structures this model by borrowing from the STOPE (Strategy, Technology, Organization, People, Environment) view of information systems security risk management.
The Impact of Informational Influence for Reference Groups on Student Selection of Private Universities in Jordan (Published)
The present study is an effort to explore the impact of informational influence for reference groups on students’ selection of private universities in Jordan. To achieve this aim, a survey was constructed and conducted to collect the required data from students. About 480 questionnaires were distributed at two private universities in Amman. Descriptive analysis, test of reliability, factors analysis, and regression analysis were used in this study. The findings of the study show that three factors were produced by factor analysis as follows; family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders. These three factors were used in regression analysis; results show that family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders influence the students’ selection of private universities
Green Awareness and Young Consumer Purchasing an Application on Egyptian Students in Some Private Universities (Published)
Egypt as one of the developing countries which confront a lot environmental challenges, environmental issues and green products culture is not a priority, spreading the ideas of going green and expanding the culture of green product purchase (GPP) is very important step which it need awareness campaign for green marketing to clarify for new generation the benefit of purchasing green products. Our paper will investigate how much young Egyptians university students are aware about green product (GP), if the awareness impacts their green purchase (GPP) and how it might influence their consumer behavior; we will discover what kind of factors could affect Egyptian university students buying behavior of green products and green services.