Tag Archives: Private Sector

The Effects of the (2020) Wage Increase in Improving the University Professors’ working conditions in Sudan. (Published)

The aim of this study is to determine the positive impact of the current Sudan general state budget of (2020) on the overall university professors’ working conditions. Recently the Sudan budget which included the public – sector pay raise declaration reached to one hundred percent has been announced. Due to the inflation rate that hit a record and reached out to % 64.3 during the month of January 2020, the country has been witnessing a huge increase of basic needs prices and shortages including food, beverage, bread and fuel. Additionally, the country has also attested a deterioration of the exchange rate of the national currency (Sudanese pound) against the U.S. dollars compounded by a black market. Therefore, increasing university professors’ wages in general with the continuation of the current circumstances seems to have very little impact on their satisfactions, and it is difficult for the majority to deal with this situation. In this study the researcher is attempting to shed lights on glimmer of hope the 2020 budget declaration may have on the unknown soldiers working diligently in a poor educational environment, who deserve our highest admiration and gratitude for a job well done during the last three decades. To conduct the present study, a qualitative research methodology is adapted through which the researcher interviews a sample of professors who are randomly selected from the above – mentioned universities.  The researcher displays the study results as well as the findings and the necessary recommendations immediately following the data collection process. Finally, the study resulted into the following consequences:

  1. Among the most common challenges facing professors at both public and private universities as well as colleges are issues of poorly payments, transportation crisis, and the increasing prices of the major commodities.
  2. University professors’ working conditions are far better at public sector compared to private sector for the following reasons: first, those working at public sector have self-career development and training opportunities. Second, most private sector institutions ignore any kind of expenditure on training programs.

Keywords: Budget, Private Sector, Public Sector, increasing of wages, university professor

The Effects of the (2020) Wage Increase in Improving the University Professors’ working conditions in Sudan (Published)

The aim of this study is to determine the positive impact of the current Sudan general state budget of (2020) on the overall university professors’ working conditions. Recently the Sudan budget which included the public – sector pay raise declaration reached to one hundred percent has been announced. Due to the inflation rate that hit a record and reached out to % 64.3 during the month of January 2020, the country has been witnessing a huge increase of basic needs prices and shortages including food, beverage, bread and fuel. Additionally, the country has also attested a deterioration of the exchange rate of the national currency (Sudanese pound) against the U.S. dollars compounded by a black market. Therefore, increasing university professors’ wages in general with the continuation of the current circumstances seems to have very little impact on their satisfactions, and it is difficult for the majority to deal with this situation. In this study the researcher is attempting to shed lights on glimmer of hope the 2020 budget declaration may have on the unknown soldiers working diligently in a poor educational environment, who deserve our highest admiration and gratitude for a job well done during the last three decades. To conduct the present study, a qualitative research methodology is adapted through which the researcher interviews a sample of professors who are randomly selected from the above – mentioned universities.  The researcher displays the study results as well as the findings and the necessary recommendations immediately following the data collection process. Finally, the study resulted into the following consequences:

  1. Among the most common challenges facing professors at both public and private universities as well as colleges are issues of poorly payments, transportation crisis, and the increasing prices of the major commodities.
  2. University professors’ working conditions are far better at public sector compared to private sector for the following reasons: first, those working at public sector have self-career development and training opportunities. Second, most private sector institutions ignore any kind of expenditure on training programs.

Keywords: Budget, Private Sector, Public Sector, increasing of wages, university professor

Private sector remittances and tourism development in Calabar, Cross River State. (Published)

This study examined Private Sector remittances and tourism development in Calabar, Cross River State. Data for the study was collected through participatory interviews, records from Cross River State Internal Revenue Service, Cross River State Tourism Bureau, journals and textbooks. The data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as tables, charts simple percentages. It was observed that the decline in revenue remittances by private sector to government for tourism development was as a result of government policy on taxation in Calabar, Cross River State. Among recommendations made was that Government should provide a legislation to encourage the private sector organizations to do business and most importantly reduce taxes as these may hinder tourism development.

Keywords: Calabar, Cross River State, Private Sector, Remittance, Tourism Development

The Role of the Private Sector In Promoting Sustainable Development In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Najran As An “Example (Published)

The present study aims to identify the avant-garde role of the private sector, and its significance in achieving the sustainable and comprehensive development in Najran Area, as an example for the local development in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It also aimed at identifying the challenges that impede the complete fulfillment of the role in realizing the comprehensive development. The researcher utilized the historical, descriptive, and analytical method in this study. The questionnaire was relied upon as a main data collection instrument. The study population consisted of the private sector organizations in the area. The author distributed the questionnaire to (96) owners of these organizations, who were taken as the study sample, which was selected through a simple random manner. The results of the study indicated that the private sector in the area produces products that realize self-sufficiency of the area population. This sector further has an effective role in reducing unemployment, finding job opportunities for the Saudi citizen, increasing his income, and contributing to the realization of the social security in the area. Most importantly, the projects of this sector are mainly environment friendly. The study showed that the state contributes with large amounts to support the private sector in the area, but the finance provided by the financing institutions to the private sector is still low. The study concluded that the private sector in Najran area plays an important role in achieving the comprehensive, sustainable development, both economically and socially; and that it is an example that could be followed for the local development in the area.

Keywords: Najran, Private Sector, Sustainable Development