Tag Archives: Prevention

Knowledge of Cervical Cancer Prevention and Screening Uptake Among Female Non-Health Care Providers in Two Selected General Hospitals in Lagos State (Published)

Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of the cells of the cervix which is the lower-most part of the uterus. This cancer can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.  Therefore, this research was aimed at assessing the knowledge of cervical cancer prevention and screening uptake among female non-health care providers working in various departments in two general hospitals in Lagos. Annually, in Nigeria 14,943 cases of cervical cancer are reported: out of these 10,403 women die leading to 28 deaths daily from cervical cancer. However, this needless death can be prevented if the cases are diagnosed early through the cervical screening, knowledge and uptake. The research adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey. The population comprises of 350 female non-health care providers from two selected general hospitals in Lagos Island. The sample size of 165 was determined using Leslie Kish formula. A self-developed and validated questionnaire was used to collect data. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that 108 (65.5%) of the respondents knew that abnormal vagina bleeding and bleeding after intercourse are symptoms of cervical cancer while 102 (61.8%) showed that having multiple sexual partners is among the factors for acquiring cervical cancer. Furthermore 113 (68.5%) showed that cervical cancer is preventable while 118 (71.5%) believes that regular cervical screening can prevent cervical cancer and 148 (89.7%) were interested in participating in cervical cancer screening. The knowledge and prevention revealed that there was a positive and significant relationship between them. The research concluded that despite the adequate knowledge of cervical cancer screening as reported by the result, the level of screening is still low. It is hereby recommended that female non-health care providers should do cervical cancer screening regularly.

Keywords: Knowledge, Prevention, and screening processes., cervical cancer, female non –health care providers

Nurse-Led Intervention on Prevention and Home Management of Diarrhoea Among Mothers of Under-5 Children in Surulere Local Government, Lagos State (Published)

The adverse impact of diarrhoea in Nigeria as a nation cannot be far-fetched with various scientific findings and correlation over the years. The prevalence of childhood diarrhoea in Nigeria is 18.8%. Therefore, the study examined the effect of nurse-led intervention on prevention of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 children. The study adopted a two group quasi-experimental design. Purposive and proportional sampling techniques were used to select 161 participants for the study. Two instruments were used as tools for collecting information from the respondents which are questionnaire and checklist. The study was carried out in three phases namely pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention stage. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data collected at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that respondents’ knowledge of prevention of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 children was low at the pre-intervention stage for both the experimental group (8.03±1.19) and the control group (8.02±1.28) while it increased significantly at the immediate post intervention for the experimental group (20.01±1.97) while the control group (8.75±0.74) remained almost the same. There were significant differences in the post intervention knowledge of prevention of diarrhoea between mothers of under-5 children in the intervention and control group (Mean difference = 11.26; t = 39.291; p < .05); and post intervention knowledge of preventive skills for diarrhoea between mothers of under-5 children in the intervention and control group (Mean difference = 8.90; t = 33.750; p < .05). The study concluded that nurse-led intervention increased the levels of knowledge of prevention and preventive skills of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 children. It was recommended among others that an intensive and comprehensive educational initiative should be organized by nursing leaders and tailored to meeting the specific needs of mothers.

Citation: Adepoju, Sarah Oluseyi and Sowunmi, Christiana Olanrewaju  (2022) Nurse-Led Intervention on Prevention and Home Management of Diarrhoea Among Mothers of Under-5 Children in Surulere Local Government, Lagos State, International Journal of Nursing, Midwife and Health Related Cases, Vol.8, No.2, pp.1-10

Keywords: Diarrhoea, Knowledge, Prevention, nursing-led intervention

The Place of Environmental Literacy Education in Cancer Prevention among Rural Nigerian Communities (Published)

This paper is intended to portray the capacity of Environmental Literacy Education towards cancer prevention in Nigeria, particularly among the country’s rural communities. Reliable data from the World Health Organization show that about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer globally. For Nigeria, information from the Global Cancer Observatory affirms that cancer is responsible for about 72,000 deaths annually in the country. The rural communities in Nigeria have been shown in this paper to be very much vulnerable to cancer from various sources due to a host of social and economic deprivations, unfavourable environmental factors as well as mass illiteracy and cancer unawareness. Nigeria’s cancer prevention and care framework is an advocacy/awareness creation strategy which, unfortunately, lacks some vital content and delivery format. Following detailed analysis of the content, process and outcomes of Environmental Literacy Education (ELE) and its great potential to adequately inform/educate the rural community members about the nature and incidence of cancer and their individual/collective roles towards cancer prevention within their environment, the paper concludes and also recommends that ELE should occupy the pride of place in cancer prevention within Nigeria’s rural communities. The paper also suggests and expatiates on the various modes (Formal, Non-Formal and Informal) through which the required ELE could be effectively implemented.

Caroline Lewechi Eheazu  and Ifeoma Felicia Uzoagu  (2021) The Place of Environmental Literacy Education in Cancer Prevention among Rural Nigerian Communities, International Journal of Cancer, Clinical Inventions and Experimental Oncology, Vol.3, No.1, pp.1-23

Keywords: Cancer, Education, Nigeria’s rural communities, Prevention, environmental literacy, vulnerability to cancer.

Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Retirees in Kogi State and Preventive Strategies (Published)

Retirees, especially in developing nations like Nigeria experience diverse health problems. Notable among them are depression, anxiety and stress. The present study aimed to determine the level of depression, anxiety, and stress among retirees, and formulated preventive strategies. The study was guided by four research questions and one null hypothesis. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 1,250 respondents was drawn using multi- stage sampling procedure. Data were generated through researcher- structured questionnaires.  The reliability was established through Cronbach Alpha statistic to determine the correlation coefficient index, which yielded 0 .97.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages, and standard deviation. The study revealed that retirees experienced extremely severe level of depression (DASS) score=19.3, anxiety (DASS) score = 21.1 and stress (DASS) score = 17.3. It was therefore recommended that public health awareness and education campaigns of health problems on depression, anxiety and stress should be carried out by the National Orientation Kogi State Chapter, social welfare workers, counselors, educators, health educators, NGOs, and mass media to prevent and mitigate depression, anxiety and stress among retirees in Kogi State.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Prevention, Retirees, Stress

Precipitating Factors for Diabetes Foot Ulcer in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital (Published)

The diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) continues to afflict patients with diabetes despite the knowledge of its precipitants. Given the high cost of managing DFU, we sought to determine whether the immediate precipitating factors for the development of foot ulcerations have changed, in order to suggest effective preventive strategies. Methods: This is a descriptive study. The case records of patients admitted for diabetic foot ulcer at Lagos University Teaching Hospital between 2003-2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Information extracted from the notes included age, sex, duration and type of diabetes, fasting and or random/casual plasma glucose at presentation, grade of foot ulcer, and the immediate precipitating factors. Results: Twenty seven case records of patients with DFU were available for analysis. There were 15 (55.6%) males. The age range was 43-83 years with a mean of 61.04years. Type 2 diabetes was present in 92.6% of the patients, while the mean duration of diabetes was 7.98 years (range, 0-27years). Diagnosis of DM was made for the first time in 2(7.4%) of the patients at presentation of the foot problem. The mean admitting fasting and random plasma glucose was 133.3mg% (7.4mmol/L) and 227.2 mg% (12.6mmol/L) respectively.  Of the 27 patients, 13 (48.1%) had the lesion on the right foot while 6(22.2%) had bilateral DMFS. Majority (85.2%) of the patients had grades 2-4 ulcers. Trauma was the most frequent precipitant occurring in 33.3% of cases followed by tight/ inappropriate shoe or ill-fitting foot wear (18.5%). Tinea pedis alone and burns precipitated DMFS in 7.4% and 3.7% cases respectively, while both tinea pedis and inappropriate foot ware further contributed to DMFS in 3.7% of patients. In 29.6% of cases, the ulcers developed spontaneously. Conclusions/Recommendations: The immediate precipitating factors for diabetic foot ulcer remain unchanged, and can be prevented through patients’ adherence with diabetes treatment, and health education on proper foot care and foot ware practices.

Keywords: Diabetes, Foot Ulcer, Precipitants, Prevention

Future Directions for Prevention and Safety within the Chemical and Processing Industries (Published)

It is essential to understand the current trends in regards to future-oriented prevention management within the chemical industry. Concepts that lead to the next generation of properly managing prevention within the industrial chemical areas are discussed in this article. The first concept concentrates on the concerns surrounding integrated design security and safety; the second concept analyzes the concerns associated with collaborating several chemical plants in an effort to increase sustainability of activities and the environment of the locale.

Keywords: Chemical Industries, Prevention, Safety