Effect of Societal Prejudice on the Educational Attainment of Persons with Disabilities in Nigeria (Published)
The educational sector in Nigeria has attracted numerous debates among scholars particularly with regard to unequal opportunities for the citizenry. The persons with disabilities in the society have experienced the brunt of these unequal opportunities to education as they are little or no facilities available to aid their educational process. In addition, societal prejudices continues to deny them opportunities to attain heights of educations as families see them as burden and a waste of funds educating them. This is particularly worsened by religious and cultural inspired prejudices that tend to derogate persons with disabilities. This paper therefore seeks to investigate the impact of religious and cultural inspired prejudices on the educational attainment of persons with disabilities in Nigeria as well as the impact of societal prejudice on policy implementations that favour the education of persons with disabilities. To achieve these objectives, the study adopted the descriptive survey research approach and the target population for this study comprised of students, teachers, administrators within Oshimili South local government of Delta State. A sample of 26 administrators, 280 students and 228 teachers were selected and data collected using a structured questionnaire, while data was analyzed employing descriptive and content analysis. The relationship between variables was tested employing the chi-square test. The results from the research establish that education impacts national development in the country. In addition, the finding indicates that religious and cultural prejudices impacts the educational attainment of persons with disabilities in the society and this is worsened by the inadequate number of policies and infrastructures that aid in quality education for the persons with disabilities in the country.
Assessment of the Effectiveness of Performance Appraisal on Work Productivity: A Case Study of Kumasi Polytechnic (Published)
Performance appraisals allow the organization to tell the employee something about their rates of growth, their competencies, and their potentials. The absence of effective performance appraisal is a fundamental cause of low output of staff to work. This study outlines the benefits that can be derived from the use of the performance appraisal system if it is properly administered to workers on the campus of Kumasi Polytechnic. It was found out that performance appraisal influences performance positively. However, the researchers realized that performance appraisal is mostly undertaken on annual basis at the workplace. Again, it was also realized that Kumasi Polytechnic uses rating scale, descriptive system and management by objective system methods of appraisal to evaluate employees. It was also realized that management by objective is the mostly used method. Hence, it showed that appraisal is conducted annually in the institution. Finally, we realized from the research that performance appraisal has got much influence on job performance of Kumasi Polytechnic employees.
The Perception of Characteristics, Behaviors, Cultures And Traditions Toward Own and Other Ethnic Groups (Published)
Malaysia is a country famously known for its multiple unique cultural and ethnic diversities, particularly in Sabah and Sarawak. The state of Sabah consists of 35 ethnics and 215 sub-ethnics and each ethnicity can be identified by language, dialect or culture. Despite the diversity of culture, customs and beliefs, respectively, Sabah is generally perceived and reported by the mass media to still be able to stand as a harmonious state without the presence of the issues that may affect national unity. However, if there is an attitude of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination among ethnic, it may seriously affect the solidarity between people in Sabah. Thus, this study aims to explore the concept of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination among ethnic groups in Sabah by studying on how certain ethnic groups perceive their own ethnicity and of other ethnic groups. The respondents of this study are from 36 members of ethnic association which representing four groups of different ethnics in Sabah, Malaysia: Kadazandusun, Bajau, Chinese and Murut. These four groups of ethnic are the major ethnic groups in Sabah, Malaysia. This study is a qualitative study that using in-dept interview and focus group discussion method to collect the data. The results were discussed further in the text.