Perception and Uptake of Focused Antenatal Care among Skilled Birth Attendants in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria (Published)
The replacement of the traditional antenatal care service model with focused antenatal care (FANC) has been viewed with mixed feelings by skilled birth attendants. This study therefore, assessed skill birth attendants’ perception and uptake of focused antenatal care at University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City. A descriptive cross-sectional design that utilized convenient sampling to recruit 229 participants comprising of doctors, midwives and nurses from the various obstetrics departments participated in the study. Consent was obtained from the participants and was voluntary. A semi-structured questionnaire with a reliability of 0.72 was used for data collection. Data were analysed using frequencies, percentages and chi-square with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 21. Results revealed that 82.4% of the respondents had good knowledge of FANC, while 69.2% of the respondents used FANC, only 2.4% had wrong perception of it usage. Moreover, 48.8% of the respondents had poor level of FANC uptake, 25.6% of respondents had fair uptake of FANC, while 25.6% have good level of its uptake. In addition, a significant association was found between professionals and uptake of focused antenatal care among the skilled birth attendants, while no significant association found between perception and uptake of focused antenatal care among the skilled birth attendants.It is therefore concluded that skilled birth attendants’ knowledge is high and they had positive and good perception to focused antenatal care however their uptake is poor.
Pregnant women with low social support were reported to have symptoms of depression during and after pregnancy, and it has been established that this has implication on complication during child birth. This study aimed at examining the knowledge, attitude and perception of pregnant women about social support during pregnancy. A descriptive cross sectional research design was adopted and questionnaire with reliability 0.82 was used to gather data from 208 pregnant women selected through simple random sampling technique. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Findings revealed a good perception but negative attitude towards social support. There was a significant association between age and level of social support; marital status and level of social support; number of delivery and level of social support. Identified barriers to social support during pregnancy include poor family income, spouses’ nature of job and hospital policy.
Thirst Perception and Fluid Intake in Pregnant Female Humans in the Three Trimesters of Pregnancy (Published)
This work was done to access the thirst perception and fluid intake of pregnant women in the three trimesters of pregnancy in pregnant women. The study was divided into two main groups Group 1 was made up of euhydrated pregnant women while group 2 was made up of dehydrated pregnant women. For the group 1, a total of thirty pregnant women were used, ten in each trimester of pregnancy. The subjects had water ad libitum. For the group 2, a total of seventy five pregnant women, twenty five in each trimester of pregnancy were dehydrated for eighteen hours. Thirst perceptions were taken 8am the following morning using the visual analogue scale of Thompson et al., (1986). Blood and urine samples were collected and analyzed for electrolyte concentrations. Plasma osmolality was estimated using the formula of Leonard (2003). Results for group 1, showed statistically significant increase (p<0.05) in the thirst perception in the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy when compared with the non-pregnant women. The volume of water intake till satiety was significantly higher (P<0.05) in the third trimester of pregnancy when compared with non-pregnant women. The increases in volume of water intake in first and second trimesters were not statistically significant. Results for group 2, showed that thirst perception was significantly higher (P<0.05) in pregnant women when compared with non-pregnant women. The thirst perception was significantly increased in the three trimesters of pregnancy when compared with non- pregnant women. The volume of water intake was significantly increased (p<0.05) in the first, second and third trimesters in pregnant women when compared with the non-pregnant women. Our result reveals a significant drop (p<0.05) in plasma osmolality in the pregnant women when compared with the non- pregnant women.. Conclusively, this research has been able to establish that there is decrease in plasma osmolality, but increase in thirst perception, in the three trimesters of pregnancy.
Management Outcome of Uterine Fibroids in Pregnancy in a Secondary Health Facility in Calabar, South-South Nigeria (Published)
Uterine fibroid is the commonest benign tumors of the uterus and may lead to several complications in pregnancy. The objective was to determine the maternal and foetal outcome of fibroids in pregnancy. This prospective study was conducted in Nigerian Navy Hospital, Calabar over 2 year among women with fibroids in pregnancy. Result showed that a total of 889 women booked for antenatal care during the period, of which 72 had fibroids in pregnancy giving the incidence of 8.1%. Majority of the women were within the age group of 30-39 years 39(54.2%) and nulliparae 32(44.4%). A total of 3(4.2%) had 1st trimester miscarriages, 4(5.2%) had preterm delivery, 22(30.6%) had spontaneous normal vaginal delivery at term while 37(51:3%) had caesarean section. In conclusion, uterine fibroid is a common finding in pregnancy and the manifestation varies depending on their size and site. Pregnancies with uterine fibroid are high risks and are commonly associated with complications such as caesarean sections, primary post partum haemorrhage, miscarriage and preterm labour.