Pre-Service English Language Teachers’ Perceptions and Preferences of Assessment Practices (Published)
Understanding the role of assessment and the differential effects on advancing students’ learning processes is still one of the most investigated areas in higher education. This study was a quantitative study which investigated the perceptions and preferences of pre-service teachers of the assessment practices. The participant students were preservice English language pre-service in English Language Education Department at Bahrain Teachers College, University of Bahrain. The findings indicated that the assessment practices used by instructors had an essential impact on students’ motivation; preparation for future learning tasks, and evaluation of study progress. The findings also revealed that while peer assessment is one of the least preferred assessment methods, presentations, self-assessment and research paper were the top preferences. The study outcome relates to previous research while also providing a better understanding into the link between individual differences in summative assessment preferences and the learning strategies used by students throughout the years of specialization which might offer instructors way forward for improving their educational practices.
Research Learning style preferences and English Language Proficiency of first year Economics students at University of Economics – Technology for Industries, Vietnam (Published)
This research involves investigating the learning style preferences and English language proficiency of Economics students as basis for language learning enhancement program. This has been done by descriptive-correlational research method. 162 students at UNETI, Vietnam selected through the use of stratified random sampling answered the Perceptual Learning Style Preference Questionnaire and a 50-item English proficiency test. Frequency counts and percentages, central tendency, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation were used to analyze the gathered data. Finding revealed that group learning style dominates among the students, followed by other learning styles. In term of English language proficiency, most of the respondents are moderately proficient. There exists a significant relationship between their learning styles and their English language proficiency. On differences in the English language proficiency of the students, significant differences exist in tests. Finally, significant relationship exists between visual, tactile, group, and individual learning styles of the respondents and their English language proficiency.
The Irish potato is a prominent food security and cash crop in Kenya currently second to Maize in importance as the largest consumed staple in the country. The crop, grown mostly by smallholder farmers, provides a source of food, income and employment to many Kenyans. A study to assess the market dynamics of potatoes in the country was carried out between July and September 2013. The Agricultural Product Value Chain (APVC) approach was employed in which stakeholders at critical levels of the potato value chain were interviewed. Purposive judgmental sampling of three producing counties and five consuming towns was done due to their high level of activity. A standardized questionnaire and an interview schedule were used to gather data. Descriptive statistics and proportions were used to describe the results. A total of 570 respondents were interviewed but due to overlapping roles played by some stakeholders operating at more than one level of the value chain, the number of respondents (considered on role play) rose to 679. Results revealed that some potato varieties were popular across the country due to qualities demanded by the market like long shelf life, size and shape of tubers as well as quality of end products like potato chips and crisps. Producers preferred the shortest marketing channel especially direct sales or through organized marketing groups while production depended on price of inputs especially seed, cooking qualities and buyer demands. Demand was found high throughout the year as supply fluctuated with seasons. A number of constraints across the value chain were identified including huge price differentials between farm gate and market sometimes influenced by middlemen, the use of extended bags sometimes weighing up to 200 kilograms, poor enforcement of regulations, inappropriate and inadequate storage facilities and poor physical conditions of the markets. Despite the constraints, the future of the potato business was described as bright with most players in the value chain declaring improvement in business over the previous five year period. The findings had implications on all value chain players and stakeholders
Rural Agribusiness-Based Household Preferences and Management Of Communication Services In Abia State, Nigeria: A Hedonic Approach (Published)
This study on agribusiness-based household preferences and management of communication services in Abia State, Nigeria was analyzed using a hedonic approach. The study tried to identify which mobile communication services impacts most on agribusiness households, and which network provider guarantees better utility to the household users. Thus, 240 agribusiness-based households were selected using multistage sampling technique. Two out of three agribusiness zones in Abia State were selected namely: Aba and Umuahia agricultural zones were selected for the study. The study made use of primary data obtained using a well-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, multivariate tests and Hedonic analysis were used for the data analysis. Results revealed that males (61.67%) dominated as agribusiness-based householdsâ€™ heads in the study area. Majority (26.25%) of households were in the age bracket of 61-70 years who were also engage in agricultural activities being their major activity. The hedonic model revealed that household characteristics such as sex, education, electricity connection to household buildings, ownership of house, and increased household size related positively with household ability to settle call prices charged by the preferred network provider while poor and extremely poor households related negatively with ability to settle call prices as charged on calls per day. The multivariate test showed that Mobile Telecommunication Network (MTN) Limited Communication service impacted most on the welfare of these households than Globalcom (GLO) communication services Nigeria Limited. No meaningful contribution was observed in the case of Airtel communication services. It was recommended that communication service providers in the study area should reduce their call rates to accommodate the poor and extremely poor households in order to increase household preferences and subscriptions.