Tag Archives: prayer

The Meaning of Prayer to Children: Evidence from Selected Denominations in Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria (Published)

Prayer, the art of talking with God, is an activity that Christian children are regularly involved in. This study examined the meaning of prayer to children, and the differences in the meaning of prayer based on denomination, age and gender. This research was a qualitative study which employed a phenomenological design.  Bandura’s Social Learning Theory and Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development are the major theories guiding this study. Data collection methods consisted of a semi structured interview, through observations, uncompleted sentences, picture reading and letter writing. The respondents consisted of forty (40) children, ten (10) from each of the four (4) denominations: Christ Apostolic Church (CAC), Catholic Church in Nigeria (CCN), Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministry (MFM) and the Nigerian Baptist Convention (NBC). Denominations were chosen for their varied prayer practices. The respondents were grouped into two: older children aged 11-12 and younger children 7-8. Data was analysed using NVivo 11 Pro for Windows. This study revealed that the significance or meaning of prayer for younger and older children is talking to God whom they believe has the power to answer their prayers; however, He can only do this when they pray. Also it is a sequence of powerful words/phrases that they formed or set recited (known of by heart) and said (verbally and in their minds), and actions/activities that were done at a certain time or locations. The children mentioned the significance of prayer as connected to Christianity. Prayer was the very essence of life and of Christianity. According to the children, without prayer, life would be meaningless and a prayer-less Christian is a pretender. Thereby, showing once again that children get their significance or meaning of prayer from within the society they live Prayer is caught and prayer is taught, parents and denominations should be careful what they teach formally or informally to children.

Keywords: Christ Apostolic Church, Conversation, Denomination, God, Jesus, Mary, Mind, children, key, prayer, set- recited prayers, verbally

Outcome of Prayer: A Study of Children in Selected Denominations in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Prayer has been assumed to cause different effects  on the life of the praying individual. On one side, prayer could imply on the emotional status, individual growth and the on the personal needs of the individual among others. On the other side, it may cause depression and unhappiness especially when the desired response did not happen. This study was set out to investigate whether the above argument applies to the lives of younger and older children of ages 7-8 and 11-12 respectively in four selected churches in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The study adopted phenomenological qualitative design with Semi-structured interviews and conversations, uncompleted sentences, picture projection and letter writing to God as methods for collecting data. The raw data was gathered, transcribed, coded, classified and re-classified until meaningful patterns and themes emerged after which they were analysed with the help of NVivo. 11 Pro. This study discovered that the effects of the children’s prayer are directly related to their reasons for praying; that as they pray, children experience a deep relationship with God, dialogue with Him verbally and non-verbally, and act upon instructions they believe come from God. It was revealed that children’s emotions and feelings are affected negatively or positively based on the stage of development as discussed in Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development that formed the foundation for this study.  

Keywords: CAC, CCN, Denomination, Effect, God, MFM, NBC, Nigeria, Older Children, Relationship, Theme, Younger Children, prayer

Prayer in Schools – Legal and Administrative Perspectives in Nigeria (Published)

The study is concerned with the administrative and legal perceptive of prayer in Nigeria public schools. 780 school administrators were randomly selected from the public schools in the 3 geo-political regions in the Southern Nigeria. A 20 item questionnaire was designed by the researcher. This was validated by experts in test and evaluation as well as seasoned school administrators in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The instrument was further tested for reliability using the test-re-test method. The data collected was analysed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistics and it was established as 0.82 which shows that the instrument is reliable. The researcher and other research assistants personally administered the questionnaire and the data analysed using the mean and the t-test analysis. From the result and findings, it was observed that most school administrators do not see prayer as a normal school routine but do not have proper knowledge on the legality of enforcing prayer in schools. To the administrators, prayers is for character molding, entertainment and an instrument to instill discipline but the legal perspective is that it must not be forced on the child and must be conducted in line with the fundamental human rights of the child as enshrined in Section 33 – 44 of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Keywords: Administration, Nigeria, School, prayer

HOW TEACHERS COPE WITH THE RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY IN GREEK KINDERGARTEN CLASSES. FROM THEORY TO REALITY. (Published)

Nowadays, the religious diversity is a reality in Greek kindergarten school and it is found in almost all the classrooms. The kindergarten teachers are invited to manage effectiveness with this diversity. The legislative framework of religious diversity defines in some extent the range of practices that will be implemented. The opinions and the attitudes of kindergarten teachers play an important role, as they are those who implement the religious education in kindergarten school. This research examines the attitudes, the opinions and the ways of managing with religious diversity by kindergartener teachers. For this purpose, a questionnaire was given to 173 kindergarten teachers from various regions of Greece. The results shown that teachers know how to manage with religion diversity theoretically, but in practice they do not implement always. Younger kindergarten teachers and assistants seemed to implement practices which take more into account of children of another religion

Keywords: Churchgoing, Education, Kindergarten Teachers, Religious Diversity, Religious Education, Religious Feasts, prayer

How teachers cope with the religious diversity in Greek kindergarten classes. From theory to reality. (Review Completed - Accepted)

Nowadays, the religious diversity is a reality in Greek kindergarten school and it is found in almost all the classrooms. The kindergarten teachers are invited to manage effectiveness with this diversity. The legislative framework of religious diversity defines in some extent the range of practices that will be implemented. The opinions and the attitudes of kindergarten teachers play an important role, as they are those who implement the religious education in kindergarten school. This research examines the attitudes, the opinions and the ways of managing with religious diversity by kindergartener teachers. For this purpose, a questionnaire was given to 173 kindergarten teachers from various regions of Greece. The results shown that teachers know how to manage with religion diversity theoretically, but in practice they do not implement always. Younger kindergarten teachers and assistants seemed to implement practices which take more into account of children of another religion

Keywords: Churchgoing, Education, Kindergarten Teachers, Religious Diversity, Religious Education, Religious Feasts, prayer

LIBATION ART IN ART OF GHANA:LINKING THE UNLINKED (Published)

This paper examines the history of easel painting on libation art in post-independence Ghana in relation to Nkrumah’s non-statutory cultural policy of inculcating libation art in national state functions. Through a visual analytic approach of post-colonial paintings on the subject matter by two pioneering contemporary Ghanaian artists, and analysis of musical libation into hiplife, it concludes that libation is a beneficial intangible cultural heritage permitted by Ghana’s constitution and international laws and must be reinstated at state functions. It posits that though libation shares peculiar religious characteristic verticality with Christian and Islamic prayers, the nation owes no apology to any religious sect for pouring libation at state functions as it has been the case for over five decades after independence. It recommends that a libation manual must be made to encourage its practice by young ones in order to ensure its preservation for the current and future generations

Keywords: Cultural Heritage, libation, prayer, religious tolerance, traditional worship