Tag Archives: Pragmatic

Covid-19 Pandemic Blessing or Affliction: Reflection on the Qur’ānic Imperative Acts in Their Pragmatic Perspective (Published)

The recent Coronavirus disease Covid-19 is the illness caused by a novel coronavirus and now called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; formerly called 2019-nCoV). The main focus of the present study is reflection on the Qur’ānic imperative acts in their pragmatic perspective. This global pandemic encompassed the whole world swiftly hence the world’s natural reaction to this epidemic is to guess and explore the root causes of this infectious disease.  Different people have different opinions according to their religious teachings, experience, observation, background knowledge, social, and cultural perspectives.  None can give a final word about its reasons as all such epidemics are Allah’s ‘Hikmah’ (wisdom) and only Allah Subhanahu wata’ala (SWT) knows His own intentions in such catastrophe and vast disaster. They may be interpreted as punishment of our evil deeds and at the same time realization and a reminder to return to the teachings of the Supreme Being and ultimate reward.  Moreover, the suffering that reminds us of Allah (God) is better for our soul than His Blessings that result in His disobedience and thanklessness due to our love and attachment to this ephemeral world ignoring Allah Almighty’s guidance. The Holy Qur’ān and the Bible make it clear implicitly and explicitly that the disbelievers are generally punished and at the same time believers are tested. The disease of Hazrat Ayub (Job), a just man, is the best example (Al-Qur’ān 21:83).  God allows natural disasters to happen because, in His infinite Wisdom, He knows that they can serve His purpose of bringing souls to eternal success. Out of evil Allah brings good.

Keywords: Pragmatic, Qur’ānic imperative, Reflection, Speech Acts., affliction, blessing, pandemic

Robert Frost Naturalist, Spiritual Drifter and Pragmatic Empiricist (Published)

A Four-time winner of the Pulitzer prize for poetry, Robert Lee Frost (1874-1963) created a new poetic language that has a deep and timeless resonance. His poems include dramatic dialogues and narratives–stories of farmers and their families, farm workers and villagers, poems of joys and tragedies, written in a language, like wordsworth’s language “everyday language”, without sentimentality or melodrama. The simple images and themes of Frost’s poems are interwoven into a complex pattern of provocative idea and observations. Any poem by Frost is an act of interpretation, an inquiry into the resources of the language it can make available to itself. His poetry of work is quite directly about the correlative work of writing a poem and of reading it. Any intense labor enacted in his poetry, like “mowing”, or “apple picking”, “Mending wall”, can penetrate to the visions, dreams, myths that are at the heart of reality, constituting its articulate form. Manual labor in frost’s poetry is often an image of the effort to penetrate matter. Several of Frost’s poems sprang from his own experiences. “Storm Fear” for example, is about the frightening, trapped feeling of being snowed in. The elation and hope that come with spring are evident in “To the thawing wind”, which is an incantation. Sound and metaphor in Frost’s poetry are a source of energies, not signs of meaning ultimately to be enforced.  It is not necessary, even of it had been possible, to deal with all Frost’s poems in this paper. Instead, besides the topics discussed above, I chose poems which, are relevant to the subject matter of this paper, and I mentioned other poems by passing. The main subjects that this paper tried to tackle and discuss are: Frost’s theory of poetry and its application, the naturalist, the spiritual drifter, and the pragmatic empiricist.

Keywords: Empiricist, Naturalist, Pragmatic, Robert Frost, Spiritual