Tag Archives: Poverty Reduction

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) As a Panacea for Poverty Reduction in Enugu State (Published)

This paper examined Technical and vocational education (TVET) as a panacea for poverty reduction in Enugu State. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted survey research design. The population for the study comprised 364 respondents made up of 330 registered entrepreneurs   and 34 TVET teachers teaching in TVET institutions in Enugu State. A sample size of 150 respondents made up of 116 registered entrepreneurs and 34 TVET teachers was utilized for the study. Researchers’ developed and validated questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. Data analysis was done using mean, standard deviation and t.test statistics. The findings of the study revealed that TVET has a well-structured and packaged programme that can equip the recipients’ with the employability skills for world of work and poverty reduction. However, there are lots of challenges hindering TVET for achieving its potentials in poverty reduction. Arising from the findings of the study, the researchers concluded that TVET is a panacea for poverty reduction in Enugu State. The recommendations among others were that TVET institutions should provide training materials for TVET students in all the programmes for poverty reduction in Enugu State and also, there should be adequate funding of TVET by the government for provision and maintenance of equipment.

 

Keywords: Poverty Reduction, TVET, panacea and Enugu State.

The Relationship between Government Expenditure, Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria (Published)

This study examines the relationship between government expenditure, economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria using time series data over the period 1980-2013. Employing modern time series econometric techniques such as unit root tests, bound test co-integration approach and error correction techniques within an ARDL framework which yields more robust estimates.It is found that government spending affect  economic growth positively and significantly by increasing real  private investment and fixed capital accumulation  which increase capital accumulation,  reduction  in current  account  deficit,  external  debt  burden  and  improve  education/skills of  the households by improving human capital. Findings emerge from this study that government expenditure has significant short run impact on poverty reductions in its lag form in which it might be examined by the role of fiscal policy in alleviating poverty of current year in Nigeria.The study suggested policies the role of government should be extended to ensure the magnitude and the quality of private investment as high as possible.

Keywords: ARDL Analysis, Government Expenditure, Poverty Reduction, economic growth

Entrepreneurship Education for Poverty Reduction and Enhanced Citizen Participation in Community Development Activities (Published)

Poverty has been identified as a major set-back to any economy. Poverty had become endemic to many nations of the world especially the less developed. To treat the scourge of poverty, proactive actions and plans, such as equipping citizens with entrepreneurship skills and knowledge must be put in place. This paper therefore, presents entrepreneurship education as a cure to poverty and its curriculum, a frame work for poverty alleviation programmes. The concepts of entrepreneurship education, poverty and participation are fully discussed. The objects of entrepreneurship, goal and the curriculum context of effective entrepreneurship education were also discussed. The relationship between poverty, entrepreneurship and participation were highlighted. The paper concludes that given the immense benefits crewing from entrepreneurship education, and its role enhancing community development activities, the nation should channel its efforts to improve the economy and better the lives of the citizens.

Keywords: Citizen Participation, Community development, Entrepreneurship education, Poverty, Poverty Reduction

Contribution of ICT to Poverty Reduction Among Women in Kilosa District (Published)

This study examines the contribution of information communication technology to poverty reduction among women.The study assessed availability and accessibility of ICT infrastructures, the role of ICTs in poverty reduction among womenand determine factors that hinder accessibility of ICT tools among women. The study was done in  kilosa Morogoro and involved a total of 50 respondent. The study used survey research methodology to collect data. Three instruments were applied to facilitate data collection,that is structured questionnaire for interview, observation and documentation (secondary data) collected from household as a base of data collection as well as ICT telecentre and other sources of data. The data was collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist. Findings show that male respondents were 38% while females were 62%. Of the sample population who use ICT 60% were females while 38% were males. This study provided a first look on the role of ICTs to poverty reduction among women by identifying the benefits  of ICT which are: job creation,  banking services, improvement agriculture by ensuring availability of market, prevent middlemen exploitation,expanding and strengthening social networks and ensure accessibility and ownership of assets. The conclusion of the study calls for increasing investment in education, creating awareness among women regarding the range of services provided, improvement of ICT infrastructure, reduces cost in ICTs services provision, public and private investment is a vital tool therefore maximization of employment opportunity, including physical infrastructure, and entrepreneurial skills. The study suggests one area for further research: one is the extent to which ICTs infrastructures helps women in poverty reduction compared to those who do not use by specifying indicators of development brought by ICT tools.

Keywords: Contribution, ICT, Poverty Reduction, Women

Poverty Reduction through Investment in Technical Education in Akwa Ibom State (Published)

The study determined the opinions of technical teachers about poverty reduction and strategies to be adopted for poverty reduction in Akwa Ibom State. A survey research design was used for the study. Sixty technical teachers were sampled from the population of 131 technical teachers in all the technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State. Poverty Reduction through Investment in Technical Education Questionnaire (PRITEQ) developed by the researchers was used to collect data for the study. The instrument was validated by three experts from University of Uyo and the reliability coefficient of the instrument was .86. Data obtained were analysed using mean and simple percentage. Findings of the study revealed that poverty reduction may occur through investment in technical education. Also, mandatory technical education, siting of industries/skill acquisition centres, adequate funding of poverty reduction programmes and training people for self reliance are the strategies to be adopted for poverty reduction in Akwa Ibom State. It was recommended among others that government and international agencies should fund technical education programme heavily.

Keywords: Investment, Nigeria, Poverty Reduction, Technical Education

REPOSITIONING TECHNOLOGY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET) FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA (Published)

The paper acknowledges that Technology and vocational education and training (TVET) is an integral component of lifelong learning that provides functional education for individuals’ survival and socio-economic wellbeing of the society. This realization informs the global acceptance of TVET, as an effective tool for nation building and transformation. Taking cognizance of skill enhancement or empowerment capability of TVET for job creation, the paper upholds, this could engender poverty reduction which in turn orchestrates the culture of peace, environmentally sustainable development, social cohesion and international citizenship. The paper also emphasizes the potency of TVET in meeting the gap for new forms of skill development to meet the technological, economic and social needs of many developed countries. Furthermore, the author describes poverty as a serious menace to national growth and highlights some causes and destructive effects of poverty to nation building and maintains that unless appropriate attention is accorded to TVET the ripple effects of poverty would continue to defile every well informed policy/approaches of the government to nib poverty in the bud. Consequently, amidst other recommendations, the paper affirms that the government should through its agencies sufficiently empower graduates of TVET at all levels and also diligently mentor and monitor their activities to ensure their sustenance and active contribution to nation building as well as poverty reduction.

Keywords: Nigeria, Poverty Reduction, Repositioning Technology, Training (Tvet), Vocational education

REPOSITIONING TECHNOLOGY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET) FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. (Published)

The paper acknowledges that Technology and vocational education and training (TVET) is an integral component of lifelong learning that provides functional education for individuals’ survival and socio-economic wellbeing of the society. This realization informs the global acceptance of TVET, as an effective tool for nation building and transformation. Taking cognizance of skill enhancement or empowerment capability of TVET for job creation, the paper upholds, this could engender poverty reduction which in turn orchestrates the culture of peace, environmentally sustainable development, social cohesion and international citizenship. The paper also emphasizes the potency of TVET in meeting the gap for new forms of skill development to meet the technological, economic and social needs of many developed countries. Furthermore, the author describes poverty as a serious menace to national growth and highlights some causes and destructive effects of poverty to nation building and maintains that unless appropriate attention is accorded to TVET the ripple effects of poverty would continue to defile every well informed policy/approaches of the government to nib poverty in the bud. Consequently, amidst other recommendations, the paper affirms that the government should through its agencies sufficiently empower graduates of TVET at all levels and also diligently mentor and monitor their activities to ensure their sustenance and active contribution to nation building as well as poverty reduction.

Keywords: Nigeria, Poverty Reduction, Repositioning Technology, Training (Tvet), Vocational education

PUBLIC POLICY MAKING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA: THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PERSPECTIVES (Review Completed - Accepted)

It is unconceivable to have a developed state without public policies. Either so name or not, no state that is serious of being named among the well-to-do countries of the world cannot be without strategic plan of development. This wisdom informed the formulation of the various policies in Nigeria. Although the Millennium Development Goals did not have Nigeria-origin, the country, being a strategic member of the United Nations from where Millennium Development Goals originated, has domesticated and incorporated the policy into the various sectors of the country’s national life on which the Goals are applicable. In this paper, data was sourced from documentary materials like books, journals, internet resources, etc,and explanatory technique was used as method of analysis. However, the findings of the paper revealed that Nigeria has made giant strides in achieving some goals of the MDGs; 100% in goal 6, partially in others, but performed below expectations in others. Significantly, the paper is a useful material to the policy makers and researchers who may wish to carry out further research on the topic. Therefore the paper recommended that Nigerian Government should be more serious in eradicating poverty by committing more resources into programmes like the National Poverty Alleviation Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate on Employment (NDE), among others. With adequate funding and effective monitoring and utilization of financial resources committed into making these programmes work, poverty will be reduced to the barest minimum and standard of living of Nigerians improved.

Keywords: Millennium Development Goals (MDGS), Nigeria, Policy Formulation, Policy Implementation, Poverty Reduction, Public Policy

Women Perception of Rural Development Programmes of UNDP in Akoko North Lga, Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined rural development programmes of UNDP among women in Akoko North East LGA, Ondo State. Focused Group Discussion (FGD) and Interview schedule were employed to gather data from respondents. Random sampling was used to select eighty respondents. The data received were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that majority (62.5%) of the respondents were aware of rural development programme of UNDP. The study further showed that poor rural infrastructures (45%), rural electrification, inconsistency in redeeming pledges by donor agency and elite/political interference were factors hindering the programme from achieving its objective of alleviating poverty in the rural communities. Chi-square analysis shows that there was divergent perception of benefit among the beneficiaries. The study therefore recommended among others strict adherence to promise, and avoidance of involvement of rural elite in rural development programme since they are capable of diverting deliverables thereby entrenching poverty among the vulnerable ones.

Keywords: Poverty Reduction, Rural Communities, Schemes, UNDP, Women