This study examined the Effect of Improved Practices on Poultry Production in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study was based on primary data obtained in a cross-section survey of 120 respondents drawn by multi-stage random sampling across communities the Local Government Areas (LGAs). Trained enumerators, that personally administered questionnaires/interview schedule, were employed in collecting the study data. The study data were analysed by descriptive techniques. Descriptive techniques including construction of frequency distribution, computation of descriptive statistics (mean, standard errors, etc) were used to analyse socio-economic characteristics of the farm households. Evidence from the findings shows that majority (96.8 per cent) of the sampled rural farm households, and by extension, rural farm households in the study area have the age of their household heads (farmers) falling between 31 and 60 years. Majority (94.2 per cent) of the household heads were married as expected. Majority (92.5 percent) of the household heads possess some formal education, which is predominantly at the primary and/or secondary level; an appreciable level of illiteracy exists among the respondents. It is also worthy of note that most (67.5 per cent) of the households’ heads have farming as their main occupation. A typical household in the sample is made up of 4-6 members. The result shows that farmers having 11-15 years poultry farming experience constitutes majority of the respondents having 47.05%The coefficient of income and religion are statically significant and positive in determining the level of awareness of the farmers in the study area. The measures of performance indicate that poultry production in the study area is viable and profitable. Only educational level and number of extension contact are statistically significant in determining the level of output of the poultry production in the survey area. The following are recommended for high production and improved profitability level of poultry in the study area; Poultry egg producers in the study area should also be encouraged to engage more in the rearing and production of Layers in order to develop egg production. Therefore, government policies should also be concentrated on encouraging farmers in investing more in Layer birds and make them understand the profitability of poultry eggs and its positive effect on the economy.
Factors Affecting the Access of Women to Poultry Extension Services In North Western Tigray, Ethiopia (Published)
The main objective of this study was to identify factors that affecting the access of women to poultry extension services in North-Western zone, Tigray. The necessary data were generated from primary data of selected sites. The data were subjected to logit econometric regression analysis. The result of the logistic regression model estimate revealed that out of the 10 factors, 5 variables were found to have a significant influence on the probability of women to access of poultry extension service. These are household size, farm land size, access to information about poultry extension, number of visits by extension agent, access to poultry production training. The coefficients of access to information about poultry extension service and numbers of visits by extension agent were statistically significant at 1 percent probability level of significance where as household size and access to poultry production training were statistically significant at 5 percent probability level of significance.
Over the years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has emerged as a nosocomial and community pathogen worldwide, causing a plethora of diseases. A distinctive type of MRSA has also emerged in livestock and companion animals. Its isolation in chicken has been reported in some countries and its propensity for zoonotic transmission potentially represents a serious risk-factor for poultry farm workers and the general population. Nasal and cloacae swabs of chickens selected at random from 9 poultry farms and clinical isolates of staphylococci from Ebonyi State, Nigeria, were collected and screened for S. aureus using standard microbiological procedures. Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the S. aureus to a panel of 14 commonly used and regulated antibiotics in the area were determined using the Kirby-Bauer disc agar diffusion (DAD) method according to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Out of a total of 325 S. aureus isolated, 76% (247/325) were from poultry, while 24% (78/325) were from the clinics. The prevalence rates of S. aureus in broilers and layers were 49% and 51% respectively. The percentage carriage of MRSA in poultry was 6.1% and 15.3% in the clinics. The percentage of isolates showing multi antibiotic resistance index (MARI) of 0.3 and above was 13.97% displaying 46 antibiotic resistance patterns. All the methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) were multidrug resistant. This underscores the need for discretion in the application of antibiotics in animal feeds and its empirical use in the hospitals.