Self-Reflective Writing- Meta-Fiction in Modern Arabic Literature: The Case of Ahlam Mosteghanemi’s “Delicious as a Separation (Published)
Meta-fiction refers to containing a critical text within a literary text, where the author introduces his personal vision of the writing process, the challenges of it, the tools, language, significations, and his relationship with reality. This study’s purpose is to explore the meta-fictional features in Ahlam Mosteghanemi “Delicious as a Separation”. Dealing with the comprehensive structure requires looking closely on three levels: Para-text, the main text, and the post text. This study will deal in: What is the role of modernism in spreading the phenomenon of meta- fiction in Arabic novels? What are the origins of meta-fiction in classical Arabic literature? What are the meta-fictional contents and significances in “Delicious as a Separation”? What are the different forms of meta-fiction in the novel, their functions and meanings? How is the meta-fictional content related to the feminist content in this work? The Results indicate that there are Meta fictional roots in classical literature, The self-conscious writing focuses on writing as a craft, as if the writer states “I write therefore I exist”.The purpose of the feminist meta-fictional is to draw attention to the issues associated with women’s writings.Meta-fiction has a therapy role for unspecified people So that the implied reader will be absent, and he tends to imagine and withdraw from reality, to confirm the adherence to this reality again.Meta-fiction reminds us that what we read is a fictional work, and confirm our reality and communicate with it.
Anomy and Postmodern Relativism (Published)
The presented study deals with philosophical analysis of modern and postmodern notions of public space. The actual problem of relativism in European culture is a consequence of essentialism, the belief that the world, reality or universe, has some inner essence which cannot be grasped in the language. Text analyzes the two main themes. Firstly, the treatise attempts at an philosophical analysis of the category – public space. It points out the dissension between the traditional and postmodern definition of this conception and the consequences resulting from these different attitudes. As far as the methodology is concerned, the study is based on French postmodern philosopher J. F. Lyotard, presenting the postmodern approach as a greater contribution. In postmodern public area we can meet two basic types of dissentions, while only the first of them can be solved by further grow of specialization and the expertlike know. The second part of the study discusses Richard Rorty’s philosophy, influence of Rorty’s ideas on solving some traditional philosophical topics, especially the question of relativism. Richard Rorty’s untraditional, provocative and inspiring version of neo-pragmatism enables us to view all the theories created so far by human culture as a case with tools. Physics and astronomy can be seen as a way to cope with some aspects of the Universe, philosophy, religion or literature as ways that help us cope with other aspects of the reality. One form of research results in statements, another in images, mathematical equations or stories. The emphasis is put on the analysis of the influence of neo-pragmatism and continental postmodernism on Rorty’s writings.
The first part of this paper seeks to explicate the postmodernist tendency to explore what they call ‘mininarratives’ in their scheme of ideas. It also attempts to justify the need to do research on the emerging alternatives, indigenous and postcolonial literatures and cultures. The second part of the paper analyzes the challenges a research scholar faces while conducting a research on this comparatively fresh field of study. Since there is a dearth of research materials in most of the traditional libraries, one may find them in the web resources. The challenge posed before a research scholar is how to collect such information from the web resources. The paper is an innovative inquiry into this new horizon of online data collection and analysis procedure. The results of this qualitative study foreground the intricacies of judging the quality, authenticity and reliability of the web- based resources