Tag Archives: postcolonial

Ecophobia from a Postcolonial Point Of View in Treasure Island and “Jack and the Beanstalk”: A Comparative Study (Published)

This study aims at analyzing the ecophobia in Stevenson’s Treasure Island and Jacobs’s “Jack and the Beanstalk” from a postcolonial point of view. Both literary works reflect how the colonizers fear the colonized’s nature due to the ideological and cultural conflicts between the colonizers and the colonized. The two works emphasize the idea that the colonizers’ ecophobia is also a result of the western negative stereotypes about the colonized people and their nature, in which the colonized are portrayed as uncivilized and frightening. The study methodology is based on the comparative close reading analysis. The study concludes that the ecophobia in both the literary works is a reaction to the negative colonial stereotypes about the colonized and to the ideological and cultural conflict between the colonizers and the colonized.

Keywords: Colonial, Ecocriticism, Ecophobia, educational purposes, ideological and cultural conflict, negative stereotypes, postcolonial, uncivilized

Representation Of Changing Indegenous Values In Pakistani Society: An Analysis of Raffat’s Poetry (Published)

This study deals with the post colonial analysis of Raffat’s poetry and it shows how he used hyberditity, mimicry, of colonialism, imperialism and effect of colonial era and colonizers on the native culture, education and their historical roots. His poems show deep glimpse of colonial effects and he highlights them through symbols and similes and other literary forms. This study aims to analyze Raffat’s portrayal of the colonial experience touching upon the issues of colonial ideology and the link between culture and imperialism, mimicry, hybridity and the representation of changing indigenous values of Pakistani society. The study aims to establish its intention that Raffat’s poetry plays an integral role to unveil the condition of Pakistani people after colonization.

Keywords: Colonialism, Culture, Eastern Images, Hybridity, Indigenous, Mimicry, postcolonial

Representation Of The Colonizers’ Dominance Over Colonized Culture In Twilight In Delhi By Ali: A Postcolonial Analysis (Published)

This research paper aims to describe the postcolonial aspects in “Twilight in Delhi” (1984) and colonizers’ cultural and traditional dominance over the colonized (Indian Muslims). It is important to mention that Ali has personally been through that painful agony of the mentioned colonial age. So as the writers are mirrors of their social era Ali also has drawn a clear sketch of British rule in India especially from Muslim perspective. He appears to have a clear goal to bring to lime light Muslim lingual, cultural and social deprivation caused by the British assault earlier and rule later on. Ali’s novel “Twilight in Delhi” (1984) is the clear representation of the decline of Muslim culture in India which is like twilight near to be diminished. He highlights the decline of Muslim cultural values and their traditional sunset also.

Keywords: Ali, Colonizers, Cultural, Hybridity, Socio-Political., colonized, oppression., postcolonial

Othering of Africans In European Literature: A Postcolonial Analysis of Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness” (Published)

This paper aims to analyze the construct of “Orientals” and “Others” as represented in Western colonial discourse through Conrad’s Heart OF Darkness (1899). The main purpose of this paper is to unveil the biased and misrepresented image of Africans in Western texts. Said’s concept of “Othering” has been applied and will be discussed with special reference to Conrad’s Heart OF Darkness (1899). It reflects how Europeans have represented themselves as superior as “Occident” while on the other hand they have represented Africans as inferior and “Orientals”. “Othering” is a Western construct which is a concept related to civilizing East.

Keywords: Conrad, Heart of Darkness, Occident, Orient, Othering, postcolonial

Imagery as a Character Delineation Technique for the Analysis of Loss of Identity in Desai’s “Clear Light Of Day” (Published)

Desai is famous for creating an intense atmosphere in her novels. Being an Indian Feminist writer, her novels deeply reflect the social and cultural background of Indian society. She, being a literary writer, has mastered in delineating various techniques in her novels that distinguish her from her contemporary female writers in literary world. As an eminent figure in the world of Literature, she has employed similes and metaphors in order to find out loss of identity issues in postcolonial era. This paper aims to draw attention of the readers to the hidden underpinnings in her novels.

Keywords: Colonialism, Identity Crisis, Imagination, postcolonial


This paper is an endeavor to explore the damaging role played by comprador//bourgeois class in the fate of newly independent states by applying postcolonial theorist Fanon’s (2004) inferences about colonial legacy and its practitioners, the comprador elites. Hanif’s A Case of Exploding Mangoes (2008) is a critique of General Zia’s dictatorial regime when he abused the institutions of army and religion in the name of Islamization and played havoc with the political and constitutional set up of the state. Hanif dismantles Zia’s sham religiosity and exposes how he kept his people oppressed, deprived and in confusion sustaining an aura of serving the ideology of the people and the state.

Keywords: Colonialism, bourgeois, colonial legacy, comprador, neo-colonial, postcolonial