Using EF, PLI and Igeo for the Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution and Sediment Quality of Asejire Reservoir, Southwest Nigeria (Published)
Asejire Reservoir is the largest lake in Southwest Nigeria, supplying domestic and industrial water to more than two million inhabitants of Ibadan and adjoining villages and towns in Oyo and Osun States. A study on the characteristic of sediment quality was conducted to evaluate the heavy metal content of the reservoir. Twenty stations were selected, sampled and analyzed using standard methods.Standard pollution indices such as Igeo, Enrichment Factor, Contamination Factor and Pollution Load Index were deployed to assess the level of heavy metals contamination in the reservoir. The result showed that the sediment was slightly acidic across the study stations, with low conductivity and organic matter content. The heavy metals order of dominance was: Fe>Pb>Cu>Zn>Mn>Ba>Ni>Cr. The mean concentration levels of all the heavy metals were lower than mean background value except Fe and Pb. Analysed data shows that the sediments in the area are rich in Fe with Igeo values > 6, high enrichment and contamination factor. Igeo and CF levels of Pb indicate moderate to no pollution, while other heavy metals indicated low calculated Igeo, EF and CF respectively. The calculated PLI values for all the heavy metals in all the location were < 1, indicating low anthropogenic contamination by these elements and suggesting that the heavy metals were derived mainly from natural sources such as bedrock materials and weathering processes.