Examining The Potential for Violence in Zimbabwe’s Politics in the Post 2014 Zanu Pf Congress Era (Published)
The article examines the period after the ZANU PF congress that was held in 2014 in Harare. The researchers contend that this congress was unprecedented in ZANU PF as it saw the sacking of the party’s vice president and her perceived allies. The congress also saw a change in the constitution that gave appointing powers to the president to choose his assistants as vice presidents. The researchers attempted a discourse analysis of media discourses reporting on and after the congress to gauge whether there is a possibility of violence in Zimbabwe’s politics after this unprecedented congress and in the run-up to elections in 2018. Comparisons are made between conditions in the country today and those associated with violence in the past. The study concludes tentatively noting that the possibility of violence is likely, given the prevailing conditions especially in ZANU PF; the potential for violence is however not outright certain as the violence has not yet taken place except for a few uncoordinated flashpoints. It remains to be seen if the conditions will remain like this as there is still a lot of time before the elections of 2018.
THE ROLE OF POLITICAL LEADERS IN THE RESOLUTION OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN YOBE STATE, NORTH- EAST REGION – NIGERIA (Published)
This study investigates the role of political leaders and the management of political violence in Yobe State, North –east region of Nigeria. Nigeria transited to democratic governance on May 29th, 1999 with much fanfare and great expectations. Despite the euphoria and sentiments especially from the political class, that would greet the celebrations, it is rather debatable whether there is any specific social, political and economic development in Yobe state and Nigeria generally due to the persistent spate of political violence. It is against this background that this study examines the role political leaders have played in promoting and curbing political violence in Yobe state with particular reference to the activities of the Jammatul Ahlis Sunnah Lidda’awati wal jihad (Boko Haram). This study is also timely due to the fact that the country is presently confronted with serious security challenges. The study is therefore guided by the following research proposition: Political violence is not an expression of systemic leadership failure. To achieve this objective therefore, the study employed the qualitative methods as the main research methodology, which was supplemented by basic quantitative methods. These two methods complemented each other through triangulation. Chart for data analysis was drawn using the 2003 Microsoft Excel XP Version 10 package. The study also utilized secondary data through an extensive review of literature in order to provide a foundation on which the empirical data was built. in fact; a sample of 510 respondents was randomly selected and administered with the questionnaire from 6 local government areas in Yobe state. The study used the conjectural political conflict model as the main theoretical framework. From the empirical data analyzed, the study revealed that political leaders have not done much in the management of political violence in Yobe State. The study therefore recommends amongst others that political leaders should be bold and have an articulate leadership style that would effectively manage and prevent conflict in Yobe state