Stakeholders’ Perception of Contribution of Graduates of Women Centre for Continue Education to Economic and Political Development in Northwest Nigeria (Published)
The paper examined the stakeholders’ perception of contribution of graduates of women centre for continue education economic and political development in northwest Nigeria. These stakeholders in education design on the outcome of schooling and the purposes of learning. The population of this study consisted of all the stakeholders in education that comprised the students, graduates, teachers, school administrators, Ministry personnel, Quality Assurances officers in the North-west zone of Nigeria. The population total was 1970 out of this numbers, 1261 respondents were proportionately selected for the study. Four states were selected out of the seven North-western states using purposive sampling technique. 2 research questions were raised for the study and three (3) hypotheses were formulated descriptive statistics was used to answer the research questions .While, chi-square statistical analysis was used to answer the formulated hypotheses.. The study concludes that there is significant association between stakeholders’ perception of graduates’ contribution to economic and political development in Northwest Nigeria. It was recommended that Stakeholders should therefore advance measures to encourage and motivate women to strive harder and continue the political and economic advancement in Northwest Nigeria.
An Investigation of the Components of Political Developments on the National Security of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the Perspective of Policy Experts (Published)
National government’s key task and the most important aspect of human civilization that leads to greater prosperity and progress of human civilization in the world is to provide security inside the country and to deal with the potential influx of other governments to a territory and its citizens. The aim of this study was to investigate the components of political development on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the perspective of policy experts. This study used interview to collect information and the population consisted of professors and activists in politics. 15 people were interviewed as the sample. The results indicate that the effects of the components of political development on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran have been extracted in some spheres including military security, political security, social security, economic security and environmental security. In addition, strategies for the structural development of management, domestic and foreign accountability, planning to live in global networks, global responsibility, readiness for global assessments and liberalization of foreign trade have been provided as efforts to develop political and national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The wave of mass protests spreading through the Arabic-speaking Countries may have begun to recede; it has left a wide-ranging impact on the region. It started in Tunisia in December 2010 and spread to the rest of the Middle East throughout 2011. Four authoritarian regimes have collapsed, and some are experiencing varying degrees of duress. If transitioning states fail in retooling their economies, the prospects for reform in other areas are dim. Virtually all the nations of the region have a long, long way to go. With the exceptions of the petro-rich Gulf States, which post impressive economic numbers for obvious and anomalous reasons, the region is in terrible economic shape. In all fairness, the Arabs themselves had not trusted their own ability to overthrow entrenched tyrannies. On the eve of the changes that swept upon the Arab world in late 2010, monarchies and military despots alike seemed to be immovable. Better 60 years of tyranny than one day of anarchy, goes a maxim of (Sunni) Islam. Fear of chaos played into the hands of the rulers. In light of this reality, the United States should seek to trim its military foot- print, thereby limiting its exposure to the repressive actions of nominal allies and aligning its expenditures with actual interests. From the perspective of U.S. interests, regional stability will always pre- dominate, and at this juncture, it is unlikely that transitioning states can adopt a retooled model of repressive stability. This narrows the options for prudent U.S. policy. In a changing Arab world, unconditional support of nominal allies will endanger the very stability that the United States prizes.