The core of the problem in this research is about Evaluation of Products and Service e-Procurement Policy within the Environment of Tangerang Municipal Government. This research was conducted using qualitative descriptive method. Informants for this research was nine evaluators consisting of five persons of Municipal Secretary, one person from the inspectorate, one person from Information and Communication Service/UPTD LPSE and two persons from product/service providers. Results of this research show that evaluation of the product and service e-procurement policy based on the effectiveness criterion was not effective yet, because in the auction target there were several activity packages that should be re-auction – that are 163 packages in 2012 and 580 packages in 2013. In addition, E-Procurement System (Sistem Pengadaan Secara Electronic, SPSE) had not been capable of detecting erroneous or mistaken administrative bundles. For efficiency criterion, it was shown that the target of efficiency has been achieved, as suggested by budget efficiency from the HPS (self-estimated price) ratio with the work contract at 12.27 percents in 2012 and 10.62 percents in 2013. For the adequacy criterion, it was revealed that the result has been adequate, in respect of authority given to the task force (Pokja) to conduct auction process as stipulated in either Perpres (Presidential Decree) No. 70 year 2012 which is the second amendment of the Perpres (Presidential Decree) No. 54 year 2010 or the Decree of Product and/or Service Procurement Department. For the criterion of even distribution, the result was not good yet, because information obtained by from evaluation conducted by evaluators were not reported to the policy maker (the city mayor), and were also not delivered to head of SKPD. Likewise, for the criterion of responsiveness, the result was not good yet, because local businessmen or entrepreneurs still asked assistance and guidelines, in the form of two-monthly meetings, from the Tangerang local government. Until now, such meeting was conducted only once in the form of construction service technical training conducted by the Urban Planning Service. Whereas for the criterion of accuracy, it was known that the result was accurate or feasible for the community needs, because of the existing generality, consistence, clarity and fairness and efficiency.
The paper examines the doctrine of “economic diplomacy” which formed the bedrock of Nigeria’s foreign policy during the General Ibrahim Babangida’s regime between 1985 and 1993. The paper highlights the major achievements and failures of the policy during the period under review. Based on its findings, the paper concludes that the failure of the Nigerian state in all ramifications and the conspiracy and hostility of the international environment, combined to frustrate the lofty ideas contained in the ‘new’ Nigerian economic diplomacy
This paper seeks to establish the effect of Power Sector Reform through rebranding policy on the quality of service delivery in Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) with a focus on Makurdi Business Unit, a service window of Jos Electricity Distribution Company. It particularly examines the level of staff commitment and attitudinal change with a view to ascertaining its effects on the quality of service delivery to the customers of Makurdi Business Unit. Participants numbering 105 respondents were drawn from the staff of PHCN and their customers (both corporate and residential) within Makurdi metropolis. A 10 item close-ended, 5- point Likert-scale questionnaire was used in collecting the primary data for the study. The instrument returned a Cronbach Alpha of 0.982 reliability test. Descriptive mean with a specified benchmark was use in testing the hypotheses. The result of data analysis revealed that the power sector reform has not significantly impacted on the quality of service delivery by PHCN in Makurdi business unit (MM, 10.3619<BM, 15). It was further observed that the power sector reform has to significantly changed the attitude of the employees of PHCN in Makurdi business unit (MM, 11.6762<BM, 15). Re-invigoration/Sustenance of the campaign through seminars, conferences and radio/television jingles was recommended as a way of ensuring improvement in the quality of service delivery to energy end users
Pretending To Be Free: Oliver Wendell Holmes As a Victorian Revolutionary (Review Completed - Accepted)
Skeptical of Truth and of its assumed relation to public policy, Oliver Wendell Holmes tended to approve of legislation so long as it adhered to proper procedures. He had no need, unlike is great colleague Brandeis, to evaluate the substance of legislative acts. The entire process, irrational in its premises, was sufficient unto itself. He presumed the legislature reflected the public will, almost always devoid of reason. The judiciary’s sole role was to assess the legislature’s adherence to the rules of legislative procedure as laid out in the Constitution. Judges were arbiters of the rules not of the wisdom of legislation