Tag Archives: Policy

Influence of Teachers’ Gender and Age on the Integration of Computer Assisted Instruction in Teaching and Learning of Social Studies among Basic Schools in Tamale Metropolis (Published)

This study was conducted in Tamale Metropolis to explore the influence of teachers’ variables (gender and age) on the level of integration of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) in the teaching and learning of Social Studies. Three research questions and two hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. Quantitative research design was employed for the study. Data for the research was collected from 20 Junior High Schools randomly sampled from Tamale Metropolis using Krejcie & Morgan table for sample size determination. Data was collected by means of structured questionnaires administered to 60 Social Studies teachers from the 20 sampled schools. The questionnaire was designed with a 5-point Likert scale using closed ended questions. The questionnaire was pre-tested in a pilot study to guarantee its reliability using Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient formula. It yielded an alpha of .78 which was good and was applied for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Frequencies were used to analyze data on teachers’ perceptions on the integration of CAI, extent of integration and challenges encountered. Chi-square was used to test the hypothesis to determine whether there is a significant difference between male and female teachers and young and old teachers’ implementation of CAI in teaching and learning of Social Studies. The findings discovered most teachers have positive attitude towards the integration of CAI in teaching and learning of Social Studies. Some of the teachers also incorporate CAI into their Social Studies instructions. However, the Social Studies teachers encounter a number of challenges such as limited number of computers, lack of time, lack of technical support, lack of internet among others. It was also discovered that more male teachers use video and radio in their instructions than their females’ counterparts. Old teachers also integrate video and radio in their lessons than the younger ones. However, generally, there was no significant difference between old and young teachers’ application of CAI in Social Studies teaching and learning. Based on the findings, it has been recommended that there should be periodic training of teachers on how to incorporate CAI in their lessons, reform of teacher training curriculum to allow technology integration, and supplying of laptops to teachers and students to enable them effectively incorporate CAI in their lessons to improve students learning outcomes. Government of Ghana in partnership with private sector and NGOs should design and implement intervention to eliminate all barriers to integration of CAI in all schools.

Keywords: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Based Learning, Constructivist, Digital Literacy, Gender, Pedagogy, Policy, Social Studies, Teacher Professional Development, and Hypothesis.

Analyzing Factors Affecting Tourism Sustainable Development towards Vietnam In The New Era (Published)

This empirical study was conducted by qualitative approach to study the influential factors such as environment, society, economics affecting to the tourism sustainable development for Vietnam in the new era. The author collected the experts’ opinions to discuss and presented scale to measure the above factors. Basing on this study, the future researchers can apply this to study by quantitative method to verify the reliability of the scale and test whether the three above factors and observed variables are grouped into each factor or there is other latent factor as well as tesing the reliability of the research model. In addition, the author suggested the policy makers, leaders of ministry and departments of culture, sports, and tourism to apply this study to plan and implement policies to develop Vietnamese tourism in the context of international integration as well as satisfy the tourists coming to Vietnam.

Keywords: International integration, Policy, Sustainable Development, Tourists, Vietnam

The Study of Language Planning In National Educational Policy (NEP) 2017 in Pakistan (Published)

This article is written to analyze and give some suggestions concerning language planning in National Education Policy (NEP) 2017. Each government permitted new articles in the constitutions and policies but without following a suitable line of investigation and management of researchers. So in this state of affairs language planning changed into more important beside other national troubles. From the initial day of Pakistan, Pakistani facing tribulations regarding language planning even one of our parts now Bangladesh was separated mainly because of this issue. Pakistan is a multilingual country with five major languages and fifty eight other languages. Language planning is need of all countries especially countries having multilingual and multi-ethnic makeup, Pakistan is one of those countries which have not only multilingual composition but also a conflict on the basis of languages. The scope of this study is that the researcher giving some new plans and suggestions to amend policies. In present time ‘National Education Policy 2017’ is a good step towards the development. Language planning is official and government-level policy concerning the assortment and promotion of a incorporated administrative language or languages. The researcher recommended that Urdu is a sign of nationalism and lingua franca and English as global language must run side by side, so we can accomplish maximum consequences by competing with the other countries in respect of nationalism. Some suggestions as followings: The issue of language planning should be taken as national issue of Pakistan. All language policies should be made after proper research by the skilled linguistics, psychologists, sociologist and policy makers. Major work should be done on Pakistan language especially in respect of corpus planning as well as status planning to make it a standard language of Pakistan.

 

Keywords: Language Planning, Lingua Franca, Linguistics, NEP, National Issue, Policy, Psychologists, Sociologist

Perception and Experiences of Infection Control Practices among Professional Nurses in Secondary Health Facilities in South-South Nigeria. (Published)

Infection control practice is a fundamental operational guiding principle in the delivery of modern health care. However, there is minimal qualitative investigation into professional nurses’ perception of infection control practices and how the experiences affect compliance with recommended infection control procedures. The purpose of this study was to examine and describe professional nurses’ impressions and experiences about infection control practices. A descriptive qualitative research design was used as the research framework. In-depth Interviews (IDI) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were completed with a sample of 54 nurses.  The findings highlight the importance of both individual and organisational factors in determining Nurses’ compliance with recommended workplace safety practices. Four major themes emerged from the data, namely knowledge, infection surveillance, safety practices, and workplace policy. The findings indicate individual and organisational factors associated with compliance which are useful in developing strategies to facilitate long-term compliance with infection control practices among nurses.

Keywords: Infection control, Knowledge, Policy, Safety Practices

Labor Market and Development: UNESCO Research Data on Human Resource Training (Published)

The Sustainable Development Goals Program was adopted by the United Nations in September 2015 and is an evolution of the Millennium Development Goals Program (2000-2015). Its main axes are economy, society and the environment, with an emphasis on education and training for professionals, which are considered to be fundamental foundations of economic and social development. UNESCO is called upon to play an important role in implementing the Agenda, as it has both the right experience and extensive diplomatic networks. To this end, it has drafted official texts on the achievement of the Agenda 2030 objectives. Its recent text, “Third World Report on Adult Learning and Adult Education” (GRALE III), presents the results of an international research involving 139 UNESCO member countries on the impact of Learning and Adult Education on Health, Prosperity, Employment and the Labor Market, Social, Political and Community Life. This study, through the qualitative analysis of the above-mentioned text, reflects and investigates the impact of education on the labor market and the development of human resources. The thematic analysis shows that the development of the labor market and human resources is linked to the type of education and skills provided by population group, financing, strategies and policy-making.

Keywords: Education, Labor market, Policy, Skills, UNESCO

Stakeholder Role in Safety Culture and Safety Performance of Construction: A Conceptual Model (Published)

Project management in the Saudi Arabian construction industry is an activity complicated by the current widespread lack of a mature organisational safety culture, which results in a high incidence of serious and fatal accidents, making it difficult to deliver project objectives. This article addresses this major problem.  This research is therefore an attempt to verify the causal relationships and interactions between stakeholder involvement, safety culture, and safety performance in the construction industry, thus providing a better understanding, in turn, may improve safety. To achieve this objective, a conceptual model was developed to enable empirical research via responses to a questionnaire will distribute to construction organisations. The model provided in this study is a systematic approach to assess the safety culture of construction organisations and to guide them in self-assessments. The research contributes to the literature pertaining to assessments of stakeholder involvement and safety culture. Furthermore, it offers a valuable tool to government bodies and regulatory agencies for assessing their efforts in improving safety culture

Keywords: Management, Performance, Policy, Safety Culture

Perception and Experiences of Infection Control Practices among Professional Nurses in Secondary Health Facilities in South-South Nigeria: A Qualitative Approach (Published)

Infection control practice is a fundamental operational guiding principle in the delivery of modern health care. However, there is minimal qualitative investigation into professional nurses’ perception of infection control practices and how the experiences affect compliance with recommended infection control procedures. The purpose of this study was to examine and describe professional nurses’ impressions and experiences about infection control practices. A descriptive qualitative research design was used as the research framework. In-depth Interviews (IDI) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were completed with a sample of 54 nurses.  The findings highlight the importance of both individual and organisational factors in determining Nurses’ compliance with recommended workplace safety practices. Four major themes emerged from the data, namely knowledge, infection surveillance, safety practices, and workplace policy. The findings indicate individual and organisational factors associated with compliance which are useful in developing strategies to facilitate long-term compliance with infection control practices among nurses.

Keywords: Infection control, Knowledge, Policy, Safety Practices, qualitative

Needed Urgently: A Pedagogy for Boosting the Interests of Youths in Citizenship and Civic Education in Nigeria (Published)

Policies and policy directions in Nigeria are terribly shallow in terms of welfare considerations for the youths and the sustainable development of the Nigerian state. Adults who have been at the helm of affairs have been superlatively self-centered and this has consequently retarded general development in the Nigerian state in general and detrimentally hampered the development of the youths in particular. This paper makes a case for citizenship and civic education for the youths as a viable option for reversing this unfortunate trend. The paper extols the values of citizenship and civic education as needed innovations to affect the necessary changes and makes a case for urgent pedagogical re-engineering where the interests of the youths can be boosted in citizenship and civic education as a strategy to reverse the ugly trend. The paper proposes and recommends that such pedagogical strategies can focus on sensitizing the youths on the dangers that are inherent in their continued marginalization, making youths to think critically and analytically especially on how their participation in civic and democratic processes can reverse the trends in their favour, making social justice and good governance the focus of educational provision for youths and translating theory into practice by inculcating democratic norms of participation, commitment to learning, agreeing with others and accommodating divergent views of others.

Keywords: Citizenship Education, Civic Education, Democracy, Nigeria, Pedagogy, Policy, Politics, Youths

Strategic Management of Government Public Policy: Key for Economic Stability (Published)

Strategic Management basically deals with discovery and description of the strategies that leaders/managers can take so as to realize improved competitive advantage and performance for their organization. Firm is said to have competitive advantage if its profitability is higher than the average profitability for all competing firms in the same line of business. The guiding philosophy in any strategic management procedure, either public or private sector, is all about understanding what changes are desirable, how to implement and manage these changes, and how to create a blueprint for sustaining improvements that lead to better performance. Strategic management provides overall direction to the enterprise and involves specifying the organization’s objectives, developing policies and plans designed to achieve these objectives, and then allocating resources to implement the plans. The objectives of this paper are to: Examine the degree to which government public policies impact positively on economic stability of Nigeria. Ascertain the extent to which strategic management of government public policies enhance economic development of Nigeria. Find out how strategic management of new government public policies enhances public confidence on the Nigerian leadership. This study engaged analytical and qualitative research methods as we did not test any model. Data was gathered from multiples sources, including internal documents, policy documents, and publications of research organizations, articles published in management and social sciences journals and the internet. The current Nigeria public policy have definitely started to reflect a shift from traditional management concepts about public management and organizational design, a coherent procedure for creating and sustaining enhanced performance that reflects changes in the internal and external environment is clearly deficient. Indication does suggest that change is affecting the Nigerian economy, and this change is manifesting in all sphere of structures and processes of many private and public organizations. The paper demonstrated that strategic management of government public policy is one of the basic tool for economic stability and development of Nigeria Economy. Findings also reveal that strategic management of new government public policies enhances public self-reliance on the Nigerian leadership particularly when there is growing understanding on the part of many that policies have to be formulated through the vigorous participation of the concerned communities. A learned anointed professional would do better than unlearned but do anointed, therefore  expert that are knowledgeable about strategic management should be allowed to be at the forefront of strategic management of government public policies. This will certainly enhance economic development of any Nation.

Keywords: Management, Policy, Strategic Management and Government Public policy., Strategy

Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change into Policy and Development: Case Study on Agriculture and Sustainable Food Security in Bangladesh (Published)

Our proposed study set up a long-term national climate adaptation framework for Bangladeshi policy makers. Outcomes of this research absolutely lead to measure the public perception, attitudes and understanding of the level of knowledge and the aspirations and expectations of publics with regard to how they adapted to a changing climate.  This study also identify if there are significant relationship between public perceptions and attitudes of climate change and efficient adaptation framework and plans to introduce some ideas. and concepts on the challenges toward the perceptions and policies as tools for achieving long-term solutions to climate change for the national policy framework.  More specific outcomes are a) understanding of public perceptions, attitudes towards climate change and their adaptation capacity in agriculture, industry and service sectors b) achievement of efficient national  adaptation framework c) enhanced knowledge on future climate change impacts and better capacity building on the long run integrated economic development and finally and d) recommendations and policy tools for achieving long-term solutions to climate change for the national policy framework.

Keywords: Agriculture, Bangladesh, Climate Change, Development, Food Security, Policy

Minimum Standards and Accountability in Colleges of Education in Nigeria (Published)

This paper discussed issues of minimum standards and accountability in colleges of education system in Nigeria. Minimum standards in education system have been a critical issue since 1970 after the government take-over of schools from voluntary agencies. The issue needs to be addressed include: proliferation of educational institutions, varied mode of instructional delivery, non-observation of admission policy, increased examination malpractices, frequent strike actions and other disruptions that water down standards in education. These necessitated the researchers to examine the existing Minimum Standard in colleges of Education in Nigeria for the purpose of instilling uniformity in the system. The study x-rayed accountability and the degree of excellence towards the achievement of the goals of the National Commission for Colleges of Education in Nigeria. The paper highlighted problems and prospects of the commission and how to improve standards through the Governing Council and Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria

Keywords: Accountability, Minimum Standards, Policy, Quality control, Standards in Education

Designing of Web Filtering Policies (Published)

At present, the internet plays an integral part in business and education. However, without setting appropriate controls in place, universities are likely to be faced with a broad range of issues. One of which is a misuse of the internet by students if they try access to inappropriate web content during exams. The objectives of this research are to design the web filtering policies, use a tool having the capability of denying access to the content of all websites except the exam site, and to compare and validate the Smoothwall Express over Monowall. The research assisted in assuring the quality in respect of final achievement for the students.

Keywords: Design, OUS, Policy, filtering

Promoting Good Neighbourliness and the National Security Implications: The Loss of Bakassi Peninsular To Cameroun (Published)

The policy of good neigbourliness which Nigeria has adopted in its diplomatic relations with neigbours since independence in 1960 was founded on the premise that its neighbours have nothing to fear from its size and military might. This “big brother” policy grossly undermines national security interest and development. Innumerable cases of harassment and assault of Nigerians ‘sharing borders with its near eastern neighbor, the Republic of Cameroon culminated into the ceding away of the Bakassi peninsular, a part of the Efik Kingdom in Cross River State of Nigeria to the Cameron in a landmark judgment by the ICJ in the Hague. This foreign policy blunder has far reaching implications on the Nigerian state. This paper examines the policy implications of this rather idealistic foreign policy posturing in a geo-strategic world. The paper opines that maintaining good neighbourliness is good but caution that Nigeria should never again sacrifice its national security interest in pursuit of idealistic foreign policy objectives.

Keywords: Good Neighbourliness, Idealistic Posturing Strategic Implications, National Security, Policy

Vol 1, Issue 4, December 2015 ()

Keywords: Good Neighbourliness, Idealistic Posturing Strategic Implications, National Security, Policy

EVALUATION OF ADVERTISEMENT TAX POLICY IN OGAN KOMERING ILIR DISTRICT SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE (Published)

Evaluation of the Policy on Advertising Taxes of Ogan Komering Ilir District, South Sumatera Province,” Discuss the problems of still rampant installation or placement of billboards and advertisements which, technically, violate the existing rules and there were many violations in their administrative processes, from billboard permit either for new or renewal applications; the objective of this research is to formulate new concepts about theory of public policy as a part of the science of public administration, in its relationship with the development of studies about evaluation of advertisement tax policy. The method used here was a qualitative method. Data source consists of primary and secondary data sources and was subject to empirical state or condition. Data were collected by conducting observations, in-depth interviews, and documentary study. Based of the results of this research and from each criterion it can be seen that: (1) Specification analysis, there were still many complaints regarding services which were too complicated, not systematical, and not transparent, and even some deviations occurred; (2) Assessment analysis, there was not a uniform perception among team evaluators regarding their functions, respectively, so that the integration between the evaluators did not go well. (3) The results of analysis in policy evaluation, the evaluator team lack rigorous stance in evaluating policies. (4) Recommendations regarding billboard tax policy evaluation, the evaluator team did not understand well the purpose of evaluation of policy on advertisement tax. The policy evaluators still showed mental weakness and the evaluator team was not integrated well in conducting their duties.

Keywords: Evaluation, Policy, advertisement

SPATIAL POLICY EVALUATION IN THE TANGERANG CITY (EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY PERSPECTIVE) (Published)

The assessment different policy with studies policy on the implementation or formulation of policy. Policy evaluation process in perspective a groove / the cycle of public policy, occupying a position last after the implementation of policy, so that it is only natural if public policy that has been made and executed and evaluated .Evaluation also thought that the the links between the theory (policies) with practice (implementation) in the form of the impact of the implementation of policy, what is the significance is in accordance with who is expected to or not .Also of the evaluation results we can evaluate whether a program policy affording benefit or not its intended for the community .Normatively the function of evaluation is needed as a form of public accountability , especially in the society that became more critical evaluate performance of the government. There was a policy of spatial planning in tangerang is still facing problems in any policy, hence the improvement process are needed to be deep to do .It is indicated by the presence of the problems in the use of space that is indicative of the mismatch of space utilization in locations are allocated as the area, settlement, the warehouse and others .The based on the background, the question of this research is how is the spatial planning evaluation in tangerang ?

Keywords: Evaluation, Policy, Spatial

LOCAL GOVERNMENT’S POLICY IN SELECTING THE OCCUPANTS OF RUSUNAWA (A STUDY IN RUSUNAWA CINGISED OF BANDUNG CITY) (Published)

The policy applied thus far in determining the occupants of rusunawa (rented simple apartment) has not produced yet satisfied results and thus the accomplishment of targets has not been as expected. This is due to the obscure qualification of the rusunawa occupants. The data collection techniques used in the current research were in-dept interview, field observation, and literature study to obtain secondary data. The data obtained was then tested by carrying out a triangulation to all data sources possibly related to the research problem and topic. The Rented Simple Apartment completely built in Cingised, Cisaranten Kulon Kelurahan, Arcamanik Sub-district, Bandung City has 5 twin blocks, consisting of four 21-m2 type twin blocks and one 24-m2 type twin block. The result of selection was determined by a decision of the Head of Housing Agency Number: 648/1158 – Disrum on the determination of Cisinged Rented Simple Apartment dated of December 10, 2007 where the twin block 1 accommodated 91 occupants plus 1 business area that accommodated 10 occupants, whereas twin block 2 accommodated 92 occupants.

Keywords: Policy, Rusunawa, Selecting

EVALUATION E-PROCUREMENT POLICY WITHIN THE ENVIROMENT OF TANGERANG MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (Published)

The core of the problem in this research is about Evaluation of Products and Service e-Procurement Policy within the Environment of Tangerang Municipal Government. This research was conducted using qualitative descriptive method. Informants for this research was nine evaluators consisting of five persons of Municipal Secretary, one person from the inspectorate, one person from Information and Communication Service/UPTD LPSE and two persons from product/service providers. Results of this research show that evaluation of the product and service e-procurement policy based on the effectiveness criterion was not effective yet, because in the auction target there were several activity packages that should be re-auction – that are 163 packages in 2012 and 580 packages in 2013. In addition, E-Procurement System (Sistem Pengadaan Secara Electronic, SPSE) had not been capable of detecting erroneous or mistaken administrative bundles. For efficiency criterion, it was shown that the target of efficiency has been achieved, as suggested by budget efficiency from the HPS (self-estimated price) ratio with the work contract at 12.27 percents in 2012 and 10.62 percents in 2013. For the adequacy criterion, it was revealed that the result has been adequate, in respect of authority given to the task force (Pokja) to conduct auction process as stipulated in either Perpres (Presidential Decree) No. 70 year 2012 which is the second amendment of the Perpres (Presidential Decree) No. 54 year 2010 or the Decree of Product and/or Service Procurement Department. For the criterion of even distribution, the result was not good yet, because information obtained by from evaluation conducted by evaluators were not reported to the policy maker (the city mayor), and were also not delivered to head of SKPD. Likewise, for the criterion of responsiveness, the result was not good yet, because local businessmen or entrepreneurs still asked assistance and guidelines, in the form of two-monthly meetings, from the Tangerang local government. Until now, such meeting was conducted only once in the form of construction service technical training conducted by the Urban Planning Service. Whereas for the criterion of accuracy, it was known that the result was accurate or feasible for the community needs, because of the existing generality, consistence, clarity and fairness and efficiency.

Keywords: E-Procurement, Policy

The “New” Economic Diplomacy of the Nigerian State, 1988-1993: An Evaluation (Published)

The paper examines the doctrine of “economic diplomacy” which formed the bedrock of Nigeria’s foreign policy during the General Ibrahim Babangida’s regime between 1985 and 1993. The paper highlights the major achievements and failures of the policy during the period under review. Based on its findings, the paper concludes that the failure of the Nigerian state in all ramifications and the conspiracy and hostility of the international environment, combined to frustrate the lofty ideas contained in the ‘new’ Nigerian economic diplomacy

Keywords: Diplomacy, Economic, Evaluation, Nigeria, Policy

Power Sector Reform Deliverables: How Well and How Good to Customers (Published)

This paper seeks to establish the effect of Power Sector Reform through rebranding policy on the quality of service delivery in Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) with a focus on Makurdi Business Unit, a service window of Jos Electricity Distribution Company. It particularly examines the level of staff commitment and attitudinal change with a view to ascertaining its effects on the quality of service delivery to the customers of Makurdi Business Unit. Participants numbering 105 respondents were drawn from the staff of PHCN and their customers (both corporate and residential) within Makurdi metropolis. A 10 item close-ended, 5- point Likert-scale questionnaire was used in collecting the primary data for the study. The instrument returned a Cronbach Alpha of 0.982 reliability test. Descriptive mean with a specified benchmark was use in testing the hypotheses. The result of data analysis revealed that the power sector reform has not significantly impacted on the quality of service delivery by PHCN in Makurdi business unit (MM, 10.3619<BM, 15). It was further observed that the power sector reform has to significantly changed the attitude of the employees of PHCN in Makurdi business unit (MM, 11.6762<BM, 15). Re-invigoration/Sustenance of the campaign through seminars, conferences and radio/television jingles was recommended as a way of ensuring improvement in the quality of service delivery to energy end users

Keywords: Customer Satisfaction, Policy, Rebranding, Reforming