Tag Archives: Policy Implementation

Assessment of the Implementation of Government Policy on Local Extraction of Solid Minerals In South-western Nigeria (Published)

This study examined the process of formulation and various components of solid minerals policy in the Southwestern geo-political zone of Nigeria. It also assessed the extent of its implementation in terms of government’s intended objectives.. The survey method was adopted for the study to elicit information from respondents, who were the major stakeholders in the solid minerals industry. The instruments used included questionnaire, interviews, focus group discussions and observations. A total sample of 300 respondents was selected for the administration of the questionnaire from among the mining communities, miners, ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) and universities using purposive stratified sampling technique. Information was elicited from respondents on the process of solid minerals policy formulation and its components. Information was also elicited on the extent of implementation through the perception of respondents on performance indices such as, contribution to GDP, employment generation, poverty alleviation, attraction of foreign investments among others since it was difficult to obtain direct quantitative figures on these performance indicators that can be linked to solid minerals. Both descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used to carry out the analysis. The results showed that necessary steps were not followed in formulating the policy (grand mean rating of 2.95 out of 5). The study also found out that the extent of implementation was low (grand mean ratings generally below 3.00 at p ˂ 0.05). The study concluded that the development of the solid minerals sector in Southwestern Nigeria was contingent on conducive social, political and economic terrain; high level of implementation planning and resource mobilization; efficient operations and services; adequate infrastructural facilities and non-cumbersome land acquisition procedure.

Keywords: : Employment generation, Policy Formulation, Policy Implementation, Poverty Alleviation and Foreign Investments.

Erratic Policy Making, Implementation and Adoption of Incremental Model: Nigeria Experience (Published)

The divergence in the policies articulated by the imminent government from the policies implemented by each successive government when they are at the helm of affairs has incited various criticisms in Nigeria. The paper seeks to determine the significance of incremental model in policy implementation in Nigeria. In its bid to achieve the objective, the study adapted and developed an incremental policy framework and brief qualitative desktop research analysis was carried out. The study finds out that continuous reversal of the existing policy and adoption of the new policy by new governments has been causing policy somersault and has not in any way beneficial to our Nation. Conclusively, arbitrary policy reversal without justification has a detrimental effect on the achievement of socio-economic policy goals set by the various governments. The study recommends that under no circumstance should any administration throw overboard the existing project or policy with the notion that the policy or the project is an initiative of the previous administration.

Keywords: Economic Policymaking, Incremental model, Policy Implementation, Policy Reversal

Capacity Building of Institutional Research and Development in Bandung City Government (Published)

In Indonesia, the role of R & D (Research and Development) at the level of bureaucracy has not been considered of strategic importance. Evidently a lot of policies that are not based on deep research and comprehensive. As a result, many failed policies implemented are likely to cause new problems even more complex. The lack of involvement of R & D in the formulation of Local Regulation resulted in many problems and eventually canceled. Based on the database Research Agency Ministry of the Interior, to date only 157 the Provincial / District / City which has 548 R & D institutions of the Provincial / District / City in Indonesia (or 28.6%). And of that number only 31.8% (50 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Board and 10.2% (16 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Office, and 57.96% (91 prov / district / city) the other is a field (equivalent echelon 3) even in Bandung City is the Sub Sector (equivalent echelon 4). This indicates that the commitment of the Regional Leadership in developing R & D in the region, there still exists the view that R & D was considered not yet able to contribute significantly to the formulation of policy planning and progress of the region. This paper is to review how the institutional form of research and development of Bandung City Government should be formed in order to be actively involved in policy formulation and development planning area in terms of (a) Commitments Regional Head; (b) Institutional: (c) Resources R & D; (d) Cooperation R & D

Keywords: Capacity building, Institutional, Planning, Policy Implementation, R&D

The Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility Policy in Riau Province (Published)

This study examines the implementation of the policy of corporate social responsibility (CSR), particularly with respect to the operationalization of corporate social responsibility to local communities in Riau province around the area of ​​operations of PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia (PT. CPI), PT. Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper (PT. RAPP) and PT. Indah Kiat Pulp and Paper (PT. IKPP). While the purpose of this study is to describe and analyze and explore permasalahaan relating to implementation of the policy of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the province of Riau. Based on the characteristics of the problem and research objectives, this study used a qualitative approach, using participatory observation and in-depth interviews to a number of informants and conducting focus group discussion (FGD). The results showed the company to have the view that society is an important partner and principal, so that operation of corporate social responsibility to the community devoted much about the company’s operations. While local communities in response to the presence of the company, is already a natural thing and the company’s obligation to carry out CSR activities to the public, because the company has been exploiting natural resources ‘belonging to’ the public. But the pattern of this CSR has spawned a pattern dependency aid community is a pattern of relationships that have been structured, as a result of the previous aid practices that tend to make people dependent on corporations and not independent. This suggests there are still problems such as a standard aspect and policy objectives are not clear, the attitude or disposition implementing less support, resources are inadequate, communication between organizations is still low, the characteristics of the implementing organization that has not been coordinated and social environment of political economy policies very complex. CSR policy implementation should be organized by developing a model of corporate social responsibility program participation based on the potential and needs of local communities. Companies must undertake CSR activities in an honest, open, and accountable (accountable) in every process of its CSR activities to all stakeholders.

Keywords: Community Empowerment., Corporate Social Responsibility, Policy Implementation

Reviving Indigenous Languages through Teaching and Learning: The Case of Igala Language (Published)

The paper highlights the world’s language situation especially in Africa, where majority languages have better chances of survival than the minority ones in the face of dominant languages of the ex-colonial masters like English, French and Spanish. It analyses the state of indigenous languages in Nigeria in particular with the position of Igala language in the country and in the educational sector. The paper examines language planning ideology and the language policy in Nigeria. It discovers that there is lack of interest by government and school administrators to implement the national policy on education concerning language. Consequently, it feels that teaching and learning in indigenous languages and in Igala in particular need to be revived to save hundreds of Nigerian languages from going extinct as well as to turn around the poor state of education through early mother tongue instruction. It recommends that government at all levels should ensure the implementation of the mother tongue instruction in early education by providing funds, equipment, teaching aids and supervision.

Keywords: Extinction of Languages, Igala Language, Kogi State, Language Ideology, Language policy, Linguistic Rights, Majority Language, Minority Language, Mother tongue instruction, Multilingualism, Nigeria, Policy Implementation, Revalorization

Implementation Policies Enhancing Human Development Index In the District Pandeglang Province Banten in Indonesian (Published)

The phenomenon that made the object of research is the implementation of policies for enhancing the Human Development Index (HDI) in Pandeglang Banten Province. The research objective was to discuss the implementation of policies for enhancing the Human Development Index conducted by the Social Security program Banten People Unite (Jamsosratu). The study used a qualitative approach. Determination of the research informants thirty four people using purposive sampling technique. Secondary data collection using literature study and study documents. Primary data collection using interviews and observation techniques. The data analysis using descriptive analysis method developed by triangulation analysis. Results of the study are the following: Policy Implementation Improved Human Development Index (HDI) in Pandeglang Banten province, organization, interpretation, application. Activity phase consists of structuring the organization of administrative resources Jamsosratu; forming units Jansosratu in implementing the policy of the provincial, district, township and village; preparation of implementation guidelines and the provision of technical guidance Jamsosratu. Activity interpretation phase consists of determining the location of granting Jamsosratu activity, the activity of the target collection of Poor Households (RTM) Jamsosratu receiver, and activities targeting RTM Jamsosratu receiver. Activities stages of implementation include mentoring activities receiver Jamsosratu RTM, RTM receiver Jamsosratu empowerment activities, and service activities RTM which includes health services, educational services and social services in the insurance field. Organizing activities, interpretation, and application of the policy of increasing HDI conditionally and functional policy is influenced by the content and context of policy implementation. Fill the policy of increasing HDI parameters include: (1) The interests that influence Jamsosratu, (2) Type of benefits recipients Jamsosratu, (3) The degree of change to be achieved through the provision of Jamsosratu, (4) Location of decision-making in the realization Jamsosratu, (5) Performance Jamsosratu program implementers, and (6) The resources used to carry out development activities as well as the provision of services to recipients Jamsosratru. The context of the implementation of the policy of increasing HDI parameters include: (1) The powers, interests, and strategies bureaucratic officials involved in the implementation of policies to improve the functioning Jamsosratu and social empowerment of poor households; (2) Characteristics of the institutions and the regime in the process of policy implementation Jamsosratu, and (3) The level of compliance and responsiveness of implementing the policy.

Keywords: Government, Human Development Index, Policy Implementation

REVIVING INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES THROUGH TEACHING AND LEARNING- THE CASE OF IGALA LANGUAGE (Published)

The paper highlights the world’s language situation especially in Africa, where majority languages have better chances of survival than the minority ones in the face of dominant languages of the ex-colonial masters like English, French and Spanish. It analyses the state of indigenous languages in Nigeria in particular with the position of Igala language in the country and in the educational sector. The paper examines language planning ideology and the language policy in Nigeria. It discovers that there is lack of interest by government and school administrators to implement the national policy on education concerning language. Consequently, it feels that teaching and learning in indigenous languages and in Igala in particular need to be revived to save hundreds of Nigerian languages from going extinct as well as to turn around the poor state of education through early mother tongue instruction. It recommends that government at all levels should ensure the implementation of the mother tongue instruction in early education by providing funds, equipment, teaching aids and supervision.

Keywords: Extinction of Languages, Igala Language, Kogi State, Language Ideology, Language policy, Linguistic Rights, Majority Language, Minority Language, Mother tongue instruction, Multilingualism, Nigeria, Policy Implementation, Revalorization

PUBLIC POLICY MAKING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA: THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PERSPECTIVES (Review Completed - Accepted)

It is unconceivable to have a developed state without public policies. Either so name or not, no state that is serious of being named among the well-to-do countries of the world cannot be without strategic plan of development. This wisdom informed the formulation of the various policies in Nigeria. Although the Millennium Development Goals did not have Nigeria-origin, the country, being a strategic member of the United Nations from where Millennium Development Goals originated, has domesticated and incorporated the policy into the various sectors of the country’s national life on which the Goals are applicable. In this paper, data was sourced from documentary materials like books, journals, internet resources, etc,and explanatory technique was used as method of analysis. However, the findings of the paper revealed that Nigeria has made giant strides in achieving some goals of the MDGs; 100% in goal 6, partially in others, but performed below expectations in others. Significantly, the paper is a useful material to the policy makers and researchers who may wish to carry out further research on the topic. Therefore the paper recommended that Nigerian Government should be more serious in eradicating poverty by committing more resources into programmes like the National Poverty Alleviation Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate on Employment (NDE), among others. With adequate funding and effective monitoring and utilization of financial resources committed into making these programmes work, poverty will be reduced to the barest minimum and standard of living of Nigerians improved.

Keywords: Millennium Development Goals (MDGS), Nigeria, Policy Formulation, Policy Implementation, Poverty Reduction, Public Policy