Assessment of the Implementation of Government Policy on Local Extraction of Solid Minerals In South-western Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the process of formulation and various components of solid minerals policy in the Southwestern geo-political zone of Nigeria. It also assessed the extent of its implementation in terms of government’s intended objectives.. The survey method was adopted for the study to elicit information from respondents, who were the major stakeholders in the solid minerals industry. The instruments used included questionnaire, interviews, focus group discussions and observations. A total sample of 300 respondents was selected for the administration of the questionnaire from among the mining communities, miners, ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) and universities using purposive stratified sampling technique. Information was elicited from respondents on the process of solid minerals policy formulation and its components. Information was also elicited on the extent of implementation through the perception of respondents on performance indices such as, contribution to GDP, employment generation, poverty alleviation, attraction of foreign investments among others since it was difficult to obtain direct quantitative figures on these performance indicators that can be linked to solid minerals. Both descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used to carry out the analysis. The results showed that necessary steps were not followed in formulating the policy (grand mean rating of 2.95 out of 5). The study also found out that the extent of implementation was low (grand mean ratings generally below 3.00 at p ˂ 0.05). The study concluded that the development of the solid minerals sector in Southwestern Nigeria was contingent on conducive social, political and economic terrain; high level of implementation planning and resource mobilization; efficient operations and services; adequate infrastructural facilities and non-cumbersome land acquisition procedure.
PUBLIC POLICY MAKING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA: THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PERSPECTIVES (Review Completed - Accepted)
It is unconceivable to have a developed state without public policies. Either so name or not, no state that is serious of being named among the well-to-do countries of the world cannot be without strategic plan of development. This wisdom informed the formulation of the various policies in Nigeria. Although the Millennium Development Goals did not have Nigeria-origin, the country, being a strategic member of the United Nations from where Millennium Development Goals originated, has domesticated and incorporated the policy into the various sectors of the country’s national life on which the Goals are applicable. In this paper, data was sourced from documentary materials like books, journals, internet resources, etc,and explanatory technique was used as method of analysis. However, the findings of the paper revealed that Nigeria has made giant strides in achieving some goals of the MDGs; 100% in goal 6, partially in others, but performed below expectations in others. Significantly, the paper is a useful material to the policy makers and researchers who may wish to carry out further research on the topic. Therefore the paper recommended that Nigerian Government should be more serious in eradicating poverty by committing more resources into programmes like the National Poverty Alleviation Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate on Employment (NDE), among others. With adequate funding and effective monitoring and utilization of financial resources committed into making these programmes work, poverty will be reduced to the barest minimum and standard of living of Nigerians improved.