Tag Archives: policies

Deficit Factors In the Implementation of Educational Policies and Reforms in Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)

This paper focuses on deficit factors in the implementation of educational policies and curriculum reforms in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. It is reasoned that the education sector in Bayelsa State has undergone certain reforms guided by public policies at all levels in recent years. However, much as these policies are actions by public officials, there is a significant absence of corresponding results in productivity and performance index. This perhaps may be as a result of the deficits occasioned by exclusion of the policy holders (teachers and students) who are critical to the implementation and reform process that are expected to drive positive educational outcomes. This paper takes an analytical view on the merits of the educational policies and reforms from 2012 till date viz-a-viz teachers’( personnel), exclusion factors, wastages and corruption that have attended these policies and reforms among others. The conclusion is that, these educational policies and reforms in the state do not have a buy-in of the critical stake- holders with resultant effects of aparthy, absence of commitment, indifference attitude and stagnation in performance. The paper recommends among others that, there must be deliberate engagement of the critical stakeholders on the types of educational policies and reforms that would ultimately benefit the state without any form of exclusion elements in its planning and implementation.

Keywords: Curriculum, Deficit Factors, Educational, Implementation, Reforms, policies

Solid Waste Management Trends in Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current trends in solid waste management in Nigeria and to identify the major challenges inhibiting the attainment of sustainability in solid waste management in the country. The study relied on a desktop and descriptive approach; hence, data were obtained mainly from previous publications relevant to the current study, particularly from peer reviewed publications. Sources such as waste management agencies webpages and documents, journal articles, environmental organizations reports and books were used to obtained data. These data were then analysed using a descriptive approach. It was found that solid waste management is a major concern in the country. Inadequate environmental policies and legislation, low level of environmental awareness, poor funding and inappropriate technology, corruption and unplanned development were some of the challenges facing solid waste management in the country.  As a result, the paper concludes that for waste management to work, various aspects of Government services such as engineering, urban planning, Geography, economics, public health and law among others must be brought together under a proper policy to deliver an effective waste management system.

Keywords: Environmental Awareness, Nigeria, Port Harcourt, Solid waste management, policies

Skills: A Pathway to Employability and Prosperity. European Commission Policies (Published)

The contemporary societal characteristics, the rapid technological developments, the increase in age limits, the strong demographic changes, the high rates of unemployment have led to major changes in the workplace. There is a strong demand for national and international policies, which aim at the development of employability and prosperity of citizens. In a context of global co-operation and coalition, international organizations, such as the United Nations Organization, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the European Union (EU) Institutions, are called upon to play an important role in the development of prosperity, social cohesion and the economy of the countries, given that they have both the appropriate experience and the extensive diplomatic networks. In such a context, a great number of significant official texts have been drafted. Texts which provide policy guidance to member states in order to achieve growth and prosperity. This study, through the qualitative analysis of the European Commission’s text “Communication: A new skills agenda for Europe”, tries to capture and investigate the way employability can be protected and maintained. The analysis shows that a basic dimension of employability concerns the improvement and development of a skillset which people need to obtain in order to get and keep employed. These skills are planned and supported by corresponding policies and they are also differentiated according to target populations.

Keywords: Employability, Prosperity, Skills, policies

Records Management in Institutions of Higher Learning: Towards the Business Support Function (Published)

Records are assets as they represent accumulated intellectual capital of organizations. For an institution to have sound decision making, efficient and effective records play a vital role. This paper probes into the business functions of institutions of higher learning as supported by proper records management. A case study research design was used to establish the records management policy of Moi University, Kenya. The study population consisted of 111 respondents drawn from the main campus. The sample size Purposively selected based on the respondents’ role comprised 78 respondents including 6 Top Management representatives, 22 Action Officers, 6 Records Supervisors, 4 auditors, 30 Records staff and 10 Secretaries some of whom were interviewed while others filled questionnaires. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis approaches were applied. The study established that, the university lacked a clear records management policy, consequently; development and implementation of a records management programme and policies to establish formal records management programme with clear policies, infrastructure, staffing, guidelines and clear qualifications for records personnel is recommended.

Keywords: Business Functions., Guidelines, Infrastructure, Personnel, Records Management, policies

An Appraisal of the Development of Special Education and the Achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) In Rivers State (Published)

This study was carried out to examine the development of special education provision visa-vis the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in Rivers State. The desire of every parent in particular and the society as a whole is to have normal and healthy children. The abnormalities that inevitably occur either by human errors or by natural imposition cannot stop the education of these ones. These abnormalities create sufficient disparities in the cognitive, psychomotor and affective development of children especially when they start schooling at various levels. It is on this premise, that this study is contemplated to assess the development of special education with the view of evaluating its parity in the realization of the Millennium Development Goals. It adopted historical survey method to assess quality education for these categories of learners. Policy provisions as well as an overview of the development of special education in Nigeria. Development of special education and the achievement of MDG in Rivers State way forward, that Government should ascertain the statistics of these persons, fund the education of these persons, enact requisite laws and there should be attitudinal change towards these people both from government and members of the public concerning persons with special needs amongst others.

Keywords: Appraisal, Education, Inclusive Education, Millennium Development Goals, Special Needs Persons, policies

Agricultural Land Tenure Policies as Catalyst for Enhanced Women Economic Empowerment in Arua District, Uganda (Published)

Land as a factor of production in agricultural based economy plays a pivotal role in enhancing women equal rights in participation in development. Therefore, land tenure systems should be gender inclusive in order to facilitate rapid economic empowerment of women who contribute the largest share of labour rural parts of Uganda. Nonetheless, it is important to note that literature on the relationship between agricultural land tenure policies and women economic empowerment in Uganda is scanty. The purpose of the study therefore was to investigate the effects of agricultural land tenure policies on women economic empowerment in Arua District. The study adopted human development perspective theory and correlation research designs because the designs permitted hypothesis testing. The study targeted district agricultural officers, community development officers, district environmental officers, farmers, opinion leaders from the community, members of the civil society organizations and extension officers with a total sample size of 120 participants. Reliability analysis was achieved by use of tests retest technique and the results were subjected to factor analysis with all the items registering above 0.80. Expert assessment was used to realise content validity with the minimum principle component analysis factor loading value of all the items in the research tools were above 0.80 indicating that the tools were valid. Data collected were cleaned by weeding out inconsistent and irrelevant responses. The study found land tenure policies positive (β=.904) and significant (p=0.000) to women economic empowerment.  The study recommends that the government of Uganda, specifically the ministries of agriculture and lands, to spearhead an awareness campaign on the women land rights; initiate policy review targeting agricultural land tenure system and women economic empowerment. The study also recommends further research on this subject matter using other research paradigms such as case study.

Keywords: Land Tenure, Women Economic Empowerment., policies

Developing a Sustainable Agricultural, Industrial, Infrastructural Thriving Nigeria: A Logic Model Approach for Development (Published)

Nigeria is currently the largest economy in Africa with a per capita GDP that ranks 121st in the world. The impact of this sudden change on the different sectors of the Nigerian economy needs to be well understood for the benefit of sectorial sustainability. Drawing on a review of developmental policies and programmes since post-independence era, the programme logic model is accepted as a framework for addressing the research aim, which is to develop a framework for the developmental future of Nigeria. A 6-way heuristic evaluation is carried out based on problems/issues, stakeholders’ needs/assets, desired results, influential factors, strategies, and assumptions. This approach provides a schematic play-out of the feasibility of the evaluated programmes. Analysis shows that, while there has been policy mismatch and poor implementation of programmes by governments, the various proposed programmes were well intended towards developing a thriving Nigeria. The suggested short-term strategy is to incentivise cash crops farming. In the medium-term, the strategy should be aimed at hastening the implementation of the infrastructure master plan and public-private partnerships with successful short-term stakeholders. For the long-term, the prescribed strategies for achieving the technology development are core implementation of science and technology policies and adequate innovation and management of technologies. The implication, therefore, is that there is urgent need to encourage ‘productive’ infrastructural development, which will jump start a knowledge based economy in the medium-term, and a serviced based economy in the long-term.

Keywords: Developmental, Infrastructural, Logic Model Approach, Long Term Economy, Medium, Programmes, Short, policies

What Policies Have Been implemented in the Protection of Sierra Leone’s Natural Resources (Published)

Sierra Leone is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, with mining and agriculture as the primary industries driving such economic growth. However, despite the booming economic conditions, there are various environmental issues that the country is facing that impact and hinder the economic and environmental stability of the country. The country is rich in natural resources, most particularly mineral resources. The purpose of the study is to critically analyze the various environmental policies and legislative efforts made by the government through the Sierra Leone Environmental Protection Agency. It further investigates the various environmental issues and problems addressed by these existing policies and legislations, as well as evaluate their effectiveness. Five administrators and heads of the Environmental Protection Agency were interviewed. Findings showed that there were various policies and legislative efforts instigated in order to protect and conserve their natural resources, primarily their mineral resources, water resources, land resources and coastal and marine resources.Analysis also showed that some of these policies and legislations are less effective in meeting their purpose due to various factors such as poor governance, lack of infrastructure, human resources management ineffectiveness, lack of public awareness and many others. Recommendations were provided following the analysis.

Keywords: Economic, Natural resources, Sierra Leone, policies

THE EFFECT OF LEGAL CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON CONSUMER IDENTIFICATION AMONG SAFARICOM LIMITED COMPANY CLIENTS IN KAJIADO COUNTY, KENYA (Published)

The changing attitudes of consumers on environment, ecology, social responsibility, and the change of consumption habits is forcing organizations to include Corporate Social Responsibility CSR in their practice. The adoption of CSR policies is therefore no longer a matter of voluntary practice on the part of business. This study aimed at determining the effect that legal CSR has on consumer identification, However it also shows a two way relationship between CSR and law with market pressures being used to press for a new sense of responsibility. The study was carried out in Kajiado County. Explanatory survey was adapted where questionnaires in a seven point likert scale were administered to 325 Safaricom clients in the month of February 2014. Cluster sampling technique was used in selecting primary schools where Safaricom clients were studied, clients were divided into administrative divisions and then simple random sampling was done. The results of the study indicated that there was a statistical significant relationship between legal CSR and consumer identification. It was thus concluded that legal CSR has a significant effect on consumer identification.

Keywords: Consumer Identification, Law, Legal CSR, policies

THE EFFECT OF LEGAL CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON CONSUMER IDENTIFICATION AMONG SAFARICOM LIMITED COMPANY CLIENTS IN KAJIADO COUNTY, KENYA (Published)

The changing attitudes of consumers on environment, ecology, social responsibility, and the change of consumption habits is forcing organizations to include Corporate Social Responsibility CSR in their practice. The adoption of CSR policies is therefore no longer a matter of voluntary practice on the part of business. This study aimed at determining the effect that legal CSR has on consumer identification, However it also shows a two way relationship between CSR and law with market pressures being used to press for a new sense of responsibility. The study was carried out in Kajiado County. Explanatory survey was adapted where questionnaires in a seven point likert scale were administered to 325 Safaricom clients in the month of February 2014. Cluster sampling technique was used in selecting primary schools where Safaricom clients were studied, clients were divided into administrative divisions and then simple random sampling was done. The results of the study indicated that there was a statistical significant relationship between legal CSR and consumer identification. It was thus concluded that legal CSR has a significant effect on consumer identification.

Keywords: Consumer Identification, Law, Legal CSR, policies

THE AFTERMATH OF FOREIGN MISSIONARIES’ POLICIES ON AFRICAN MISSIONS: THE NIGERIAN BAPTIST CONVENTION AS A CASE STUDY (Published)

This article entitled “The Aftermath of Missionaries’ Policies on African Missions: The Nigerian Baptist Convention (NBC) as a case study” is aimed at examining the reasons for inadequate finance for the NBC in the funding of her ministries. From its inception, the usual slogan has been “NO MONEY.” This was because the pioneering missionaries did not encourage the indigenous Christians to give towards missions, but rather the latter were over pampered. This lack of funds, has affected the growth of the Baptists in Nigeria. The article is of the view that Henry Venn’s missionary policies can be of help in solving the problem. The research demands the use of multi-dimensional approaches; which include phenomenological cum historical methods and the conduction of interviews especially on financial policies on the NBC and Missionary’s records. Quantitative approach was also used by subjecting the BMN attrition policy on the NBC into statistical analysis. Among others, it has been demonstrated in this research that lack of discretion and courage on the part of the BMN in keeping strictly and consistently to the attrition policy was the major factor behind slow growth and non-rapid financial advancement of the NBC. On the contrary, if Venn’s mission’s financial policy is adopted, we hope, it will go a long way in ameliorating the financial inadequacies and promote missions in Africa in general and the NBC in particular.

Keywords: African Missions, Baptist Convention, Foreign Missionaries’, Nigerian, policies

MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES AND SHARE PRICE MOVEMENTS IN NIGERIA BREWERY INDUSTRY: EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIAN BREWERIES PLC (Published)

The research aims at examining the relationship between macroeconomic variables and the movement of share prices in Nigeria brewery industry, with emphasis on Nigeria Breweries Plc; the largest beer producing brewery firm in Nigeria. The level of association of the variables is validated using the ordinary least squares method, modeled in form of multiple regression. Granger causality method was applied to examine the causality relationship among the variables in the short run. Augmented Dickey- Fuller (ADF) test was conducted on all the variables, complemented with the Phillip-Perron’s (PP) test for unit root to check for data series stationary. All the variables except interest rate had the data series differenced at second difference as a result of their unit root issues. Interest rate was however differenced at level and intercept. The result indicates a positive but insignificant relationship between share price and inflationary rate, real GDP and exchange rate while a negative and insignificant relationship is found between share price and interest rate as only 13% of the variations in share price could be explained by the independent variables. Correlation between share price and all the independent variables are positive but largely weak. Granger causality test reveals no causal relationship between share price and interest rate, inflationary rate, real GDP and exchange rate in the short run. The paper recommends that macroeconomic variables should be seriously considered in setting monetary and fiscal policies because of its multiplier effect on the economy

Keywords: Brewery, Causalities, Macroeconomics, Regression, Share Prices, policies

ASSESSMENT OF MULTIDRUG RESISTANT ORGANISM RELATED PREVENTION AND CONTROL POLICIES AND ENVIRONMENT AT KFHH, SAUDI ARABIA (Published)

Worldwide, Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) and Multidrug Resistant Organisms (MDROs) cause a significant clinical and economic burden. One of the strategies that have been implemented to reduce antimicrobial resistance is the development of healthcare settings with specific MDROs control policies and guidelines. The aim of this study was to perform an audit in order to assess whether, at the time of writing, the relevant policies and procedures were in place at the King Fahad Hofuf Hospital. The Carter and colleagues’ model, which uses a matrix of acknowledging, auditing, stating of aims, and setting out of actions was used as a model for the assessment of the policies. The researchers conducted site visit rounds of the ICU and the general wards to report on the ratio of rooms for patient care, and the general areas in which hand washing sinks and alcohol-based hand rub products were available. Eight policies related to multidrug resistant organisms were analysed. Inappropriate scientific references were presented in the policies and there were no acknowledgements, auditing, or recommended actions in the majority of these policies according to the Carter and colleagues’ method. The sink to bed ratio was 1:6 in the ICU and 1:25 in the general ward. As well, the sinks were not equipped with non-manual control equipment. In conclusion, An audit of policies in the healthcare setting indicated a number of deficiencies regarding best standard policies and guidelines for infection control. Moreover, there were also inadequate environmental control measures for HAIs and MDROs, including hand hygiene facilities

Keywords: Environment, Infection control, KFHH, MDROs, Saudi Arabia, policies