Tag Archives: Plato

A Critique of Plato’s Arguments in Defence of the Immortality of the Soul in the Phaedo (Marginal Reference) (Published)

This paper attempts a critique of Plato’s arguments in defence of immortality of the soul in the Phaedo. It examines the cyclical argument and the argument from opposites, argument from knowledge as recollection and the argument from the Forms. It concludes that while Plato’s argument on recollection defended an extreme version of rationalism which cannot be defended consistently, the argument from the Forms is shrouded with ambiguity and Plato fails to locate his position on reincarnation within the diverse views in the literature to support the cyclical argument and the argument from opposites.

Keywords: Defence, Immortality, Phaedo, Plato, Soul

Aristotle and Farabi’s Viewpoint about Plato’s Theory of Idea (Published)

Idea theory is the most important part of Plato’s theory, since it is predominant on all part of his philosophy, knowledge, and morality or even politic. Plato’s viewpoint is the base and basic of many philosopher and philosophy historian’s view. Aristotle as the best and nearest Plato’s student found and a presented a different way than his teacher, in spite of his respect to Plato, this knowledge separated his way from his teacher. According to Aristotle, there is no other world than sensible word and there is no externally world of general. However, general beings are just human mind created and this is human mind, which creates general. Aristotle does not accept existence of self before body, therefore he rejects Plato’s view who said science and knowledge is remind. However, Farabi tried to show that Plato and Aristotle’s different viewpoint had the same direction. Since he believes that philosophies are the same and these differences are just in surface. Author of this article tries to analysis Aristotle and Farabi’s viewpoint and show their general structure.

Keywords: Aristotle, Farabi., Idea, Knowledge, Plato, Sensible

Aristotle and Farabi’s viewpoint about Plato’s theory of Idea (Published)

Idea theory is the most important part of Plato’s theory, since it is predominant on all part of his philosophy, knowledge, and morality or even politic. Plato’s viewpoint is the base and basic of many philosopher and philosophy historian’s view. Aristotle as the best and nearest Plato’s student found and a presented a different way than his teacher, in spite of his respect to Plato, this knowledge separated his way from his teacher. According to Aristotle, there is no other world than sensible word and there is no externally world of general. However, general beings are just human mind created and this is human mind, which creates general. Aristotle does not accept existence of self before body, therefore he rejects Plato’s view who said science and knowledge is remind. However, Farabi tried to show that Plato and Aristotle’s different viewpoint had the same direction. Since he believes that philosophies are the same and these differences are just in surface. Author of this article tries to analysis Aristotle and Farabi’s viewpoint and show their general structure.

Keywords: Aristotle, Farabi., Idea, Knowledge, Plato, Sensible