Tag Archives: Planning

Design and Development of Traffic Light and IR Camera Computer Network; A Tool for Infrastructural Planning And Revenue Generation. (Published)

A traffic light is a device that gives the right of way to any road user. The device is design with three visible colours made up of the Red, Yellow and Green light. It is used to control the movement of vehicles entry or leaving a junction of a town or cities. The red colour light indicates danger or stop movement. The yellow (amber) colour indicates get ready to start or stop movement. The green light indicates crossing the intersection without danger. The infrared camera (IR) is a light emitting diode (LEDs) which can video an image in an extreme low or absence of light condition. The IR camera when installed on a traffic light will capture every vehicle image, colour and the registration number of every vehicle that is given the right of way across an intersection in various locations. The captured data can be stored in a software drive (SD-card) or the hard-disk of the computer. The traffic light and IR camera are interface with a computer network system for visible and data retrieving for further programming processing. This system when installed can be used for infrastructural planning and revenue generation for the Government. It can also be used to prevent road accident and monitor the incessant knapping of the citizen. It serves as a tool for moral discipline for road user when defaulters are persecuted and charge to pay fine. The system will eliminate manual system of controlling traffic and embarrassment caused when there is traffic jam. The system is cheap and easy to install.   

Keywords: Computer network, Infrared camera, Infrastructure, Planning, Revenue Generation, Traffic light

Planning Commercial Development in a Rapidly Urbanizing Population (Published)

This research project is an attempt towards outlining the planning of commercial development in the context of a rapidly urbanizing population and the problems and limitations facing such national efforts. A lot of importance is attached to underlining various possibilities and priorities in a well defined management and planning system. This project also looks at development of research and problems of availing information for decision making in the process of planning, management and development of commercial activities. It is envisaged that information and knowledge about planning commercial development and management of commercial activities is significant in the achievement of the national goals of development. The study examined the character of commercial development and patterns of consumer behavior in Kisumu city which is a rapidly expanding settlement. The study also looked at various ways employed by the government to regulate informal trade, identify planning intervention for fixed retail development and finally made policy recommendations for planning commercial development.

Keywords: Commercial Development, Informal Trade, Planning, Street Trading

Understanding Rural-Urban Migration from the Perspectives of Migrants in Agbogbloshie, Ghana (Published)

About half of the urban growth in Africa is accounted for by migrants from rural areas yet we fail to understand migration from the perspectives of the migrants. This paper seeks to understand rural urban migration from the perspective of migrants and how this can inform rural development planning. A mixed research design was adopted to explore the decision making process around migration. In-depth interviews were held with migrants in Agbogbloshie and their families in Yendi where they have come from.  The paper found that while rural-urban migration will persist for a long time because of the deprivation in rural areas, migrants have plans to return home. Planning would need to shift from the conventional approaches of general rural development towards a good understanding of rural development problems unique to certain areas.  

Keywords: Africa, Development, Ghana, Migration, Planning, Urbanisation

Good Leadership, Planning and Decision-Making Is A Panacea to Improved Productivity of Workers (Published)

The study ascertains that good leadership, planning and decision making is a panacea to improved productivity of workers.  Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. Using a  simple random sampling techniques, 100 workers were selected to form the sample size of the study. Data gathered through questionnaires was analyzed using mean scores.  The findings of the study revealed that organizations that have good leadership, planning and decision-making processes, make available the right tools for work performance, record and acknowledged the  improved productivity of workers.  Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made: Having discussed the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made. Organizations and other employers of labour who have not created enabling working environment should create one in other to enhance productivity.  The job situation must be good/clearly communicated and  merits must be fairly compensated.  Employers should develop a family kind of relationship within and among their workers so that they can get the best out of the workers.  Provide proper motivation that would leads to better working habits and increased productivity.  In conclusion, organizations that set relevant goals and objectives should communicate same to the workers in clear terms, and provide modern technologies for job performance to achieve maximum productivity.

Keywords: Decision Making, Leadership, Planning, Productivity

An Analysis of Urban Smart Growth Indictors (With an Emphasis on Compactness, Accessibility and Environment) Case Study: Piranshahr City, Iran (Published)

The concept of “smart growth” was become popular by Parris Nelson Glendening from 1994 to 2003. The main emphasis of smart growth is on mix land use and the design of compact buildings which produce high densities together with lower environmental effects. The current research aims at investigating urban smart growth indexes based on three indexes of compactness, environment and access to districts and neighborhoods of Piranshahr City, Urmia. The main research method is descriptive-analytical and it is dome through ANP, GIS and Heldren and Shannon’s Entropy Models. The finding of this research shows that the Piranshahr city is not of appropriate position in terms. From the point of physical growth this city has developed in term of  sprawl growth, in terms of the index of green space the standard of individual green space has not been observed, and finding in term of access to the public transportation this index do not cover the whole city.

Keywords: Piranshahr City., Planning, Smart Growth, land use

Perspectives on Effects of Teacher Turnover on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools In Gem Sub-County, Kenya (Published)

Teacher turnover poses a threat to the education sector by limiting or reducing the availability of qualified teachers to undertake teaching services. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of teacher turnover on students’ academic performance from the perspectives of head-teachers, teachers and students in secondary schools in Gem Sub-County, Siaya County. The research design was a descriptive survey research design. The study estimated the effects of teacher turnover in 14 secondary schools out of 42 secondary schools in Gem sub-county. This involved 14 head-teachers, 163 teachers and 371 students. To obtain the sample of the study, stratified random sampling was used. Data was collected using questionnaires document analysis guide and interviews. The data was analyzed using frequency distribution tables, measures of central tendency and percentages. The main factors of turnover reported in the study were resignation for non-teaching jobs or further studies, poor working conditions, poor transport system, social security, poor medical services, maternity commitments and school policies. The main effects of turnover reported were teacher shortage, poor syllabus coverage, impact on student’s academic performance, disruption of teaching, learning and school planning, increased workload and reputation of the school. It is therefore necessary that controlling agencies should address themselves about this turnover and restore to schools the quality and dignity intended for them. This calls for an adoption of programmes geared towards the achievement of objectives, standardization of entry behaviours and discipline on the job.

Keywords: Performance, Perspectives, Planning, Teacher Turnover, Workload

Strategic Planning Best Practices (Published)

Strategic planning is a business concept that’s useful to all businesses and organizations, no matter its size or resources. Strategic planning is incorrectly positioned as a tool only available to big businesses. With the help of a practical and realistic approach to strategic planning, the plan is organization-wide or focused on a major function such as a division or a department. The strategic planning is a management philosophy that serves the purpose of helping an organization does a better job, because planning focuses the energy, resources, and time of everyone in the organization in the same direction. In this article, the author presents some of the practices of strategic planning, why organizations use and don’t use such philosophy in their organizations, benefits and pitfalls. The paper also gives a clear roadmap of the major steps involved in the strategic planning process inside an organization.  

Keywords: Best Practices, Planning, Strategic Planning

Capacity Building of Institutional Research and Development in Bandung City Government (Published)

In Indonesia, the role of R & D (Research and Development) at the level of bureaucracy has not been considered of strategic importance. Evidently a lot of policies that are not based on deep research and comprehensive. As a result, many failed policies implemented are likely to cause new problems even more complex. The lack of involvement of R & D in the formulation of Local Regulation resulted in many problems and eventually canceled. Based on the database Research Agency Ministry of the Interior, to date only 157 the Provincial / District / City which has 548 R & D institutions of the Provincial / District / City in Indonesia (or 28.6%). And of that number only 31.8% (50 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Board and 10.2% (16 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Office, and 57.96% (91 prov / district / city) the other is a field (equivalent echelon 3) even in Bandung City is the Sub Sector (equivalent echelon 4). This indicates that the commitment of the Regional Leadership in developing R & D in the region, there still exists the view that R & D was considered not yet able to contribute significantly to the formulation of policy planning and progress of the region. This paper is to review how the institutional form of research and development of Bandung City Government should be formed in order to be actively involved in policy formulation and development planning area in terms of (a) Commitments Regional Head; (b) Institutional: (c) Resources R & D; (d) Cooperation R & D

Keywords: Capacity building, Institutional, Planning, Policy Implementation, R&D

Determinants of Community Participation in Planning HIV and Aids Interventions under National Multisectoral Strategic Framework in Mtwara Region, Tanzania (Published)

This paper is based on a research which was conducted in Mtwara Region, Tanzania, to assess determinants of community participation in planning HIV and AIDS interventions under the National Multisectoral Strategic Framework (NMSF) on HIV and AIDS. The findings indicated that 69.0% of the respondents were not aware of NMSF interventions; 77.0% had unfavourable attitude towards the interventions; and 81.8% did not participate in planning the interventions. Furthermore, using ordinal logistic regression, it was found that community awareness of (p ≤ 0.001) and attitude towards HIV and AIDS interventions (p ≤ 0.005), access to planning information (p ≤ 0.001), education level (p ≤ 0.05), and community satisfaction with involvement in planning (p ≤ 0.001) had significant impacts on the chances of participating highly in planning the interventions. The results substantiate a need for decentralisation in order to address obstacles which constrain participation in planning HIV and AIDS interventions.

Keywords: Community, HIV and AIDS, NMSF, Participation, Planning

A Model for Planning and Implementing Curriculum Change in Private Higher Education in Botswana (Published)

This paper examined the role of academic middle managers (AMMs) in the planning and implementation of curriculum change in private higher education institutions (PHEIs) in Botswana. Drawing from various sources of literature and theoretical underpinnings, the study described how AMMs enact their role in curriculum change. A quantitative approach that used a structured questionnaire for data collection was used in the study. Results of the study showed that AMMs face numerous challenges during curriculum change which have a negative impact on their role. These challenges include lack of authority, lack of detailed job descriptions, work overloads among others. Results further showed that the following variables namely curriculum leadership, AMM job requirements, AMMs role enablers, work experience, educational levels of AMMs are important predictors of effective AMMs role in the planning and implementation of curriculum change in PHEIs and hence need to be optimized. It was also shown that gender, age, department size do not have a significant effect on the effectiveness of AMMs in their role in curriculum change while level of education and years of experience have a significant effect. Based on the results, a model for enhancing the effectiveness of AMM role in the planning and implementation of curriculum change was proposed.

Keywords: Academic Middle Manager, Curriculum, Demographic Characteristics, Implementing, Model, Planning, Role, curriculum change

Determinants of Community Participation in Planning HIV and AIDS Interventions under National Multisectoral Strategic Framework in Mtwara Region, Tanzania (Published)

This paper is based on a research which was conducted in Mtwara Region, Tanzania, to assess determinants of community participation in planning HIV and AIDS interventions under the National Multisectoral Strategic Framework (NMSF) on HIV and AIDS. The findings indicated that 69.0% of the respondents were not aware of NMSF interventions; 77.0% had unfavourable attitude towards the interventions; and 81.8% did not participate in planning the interventions. Furthermore, using ordinal logistic regression, it was found that community awareness of (p ≤ 0.001) and attitude towards HIV and AIDS interventions (p ≤ 0.005), access to planning information (p ≤ 0.001), education level (p ≤ 0.05), and community satisfaction with involvement in planning (p ≤ 0.001) had significant impacts on the chances of participating highly in planning the interventions. The results substantiate a need for decentralisation in order to address obstacles which constrain participation in planning HIV and AIDS interventions.

Keywords: Aids, Community, HIV, NMSF, Participation, Planning

Measures for Planning and Organisation of Wood Processing Activities in Industries to Eliminate Hazards (Published)

Many workers in wood processing industries such as furniture industries, veneer and plywood industries could be exposed to high levels of wood dust emanating from wood processing activities which could affect them in carrying out their various operations.The purpose of the study was to investigate the measures for planning and organisation of wood processing activities in industries to eliminate hazards.This study adopted a descriptive survey research design.The population of the study comprised all the 7,110 workers in wood processing industries in South-West Nigeria..Stratified random sampling technique was used to determine the sample of the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to interpret the data and answer the research questions while ANOVA test statistics was used to analyse the hypotheses.12 items were identified as measures for planning of wood processing activities while 13 items were obtained as the measures for organization of wood processing industries in order to remove hazards.There was no significant difference in the mean ratings of engineers, foremen and designers on the measures for planning of wood processing activities in industries to eliminate hazards. Based on the results, it was recommended among others that measures such as the identification of hazards that are associated with wood dust and other substances in wood based industries should guide the workers in planning for processing activities in order to eliminate hazards.

Keywords: Measures, Occupational Exposure, Organization, Planning, Record Keeping, Unseen Hazards

Sustainable Tourism Development In Egypt: Peroposed Sustainable Integrated Design Matrix Study (Published)

The government hasn’t provide the required development projects patterns up till now؛ that can achieve urban sustainable tourism development in Egypt, so a distinctive quality and touristic feature can be found. As the importance of the regional and urban planning clear on one hand, and the development of tourism on the other hand to make good use of the multi and varied tourism fundamentals and to keep for the tourism, the historical and the environmental characteristics of tourism development areas in Egypt؛ where sustainability of urban tourism development can be achieved. The research aims to find out the role of integrated development projects in achieving plans and projects of urban development and sustainable tourism for achieving the most appropriate criteria standards recommendations which must be provided in these projects, achieving its sustainability. The study relied on several approaches (1) Descriptive approach (2) Deductive Methodology (3) Casestudy approach. The study found out the failure reasons of achieving urban sustainability for tourism development projects in Egypt. It also found out the feasibility of these integrated tourism development projects in the urban tourism development in Egypt and its role in achieving sustainable development through a methodology for measuring the most important elements for their success.

Keywords: Geographical Differences, Integrated Tourism Development Projects, Planning, Political Decision-Making, Regional Planning, Regions Problems, Sustainable tourism, Urban Development Indicators, Urban Settlements, resources

Human Resource Planning and Employee productivity in Nigeria Public Organization (Published)

Productivity in the Nigerian public organizations have suffered serious decline as researches have shown that productivity has not really improved even with the enormous human resources at their disposition hence the assertion that the importance of human resources cannot be relegated to the background as organizations’ greatest asset is a well-planned and managed human resources implies that adequate plan must be put in place for those resources to engender productivity vis-à-vis the effective management of the workforce. This general dissatisfaction has put human resource planning out as the solution to the issue of employee’s unproductivity in the Nigerian public organizations. Addressing this issue is the thrust of this paper as it investigates the role of Human Resources Planning (HRP) in ensuring employee productivity in the Nigeria Public Organizations.

Keywords: Employee Productivity, Human Resource Management, Human Resources, Human Resources Development, Planning, Public Organization