The Philosophical and Sociological Implications behind the Adinkra Symbol ‘Nyàmé Ǹwú Nà Màwù’ (Published)
It has become very necessary that we highlight on some adinkra symbols but particularly the Nyàmé ǹwú nà màwù’ symbol. In recent times, the use of adinkra symbols has become sparingly in use all in the name of modernization and the downgrading of old customs and traditions. Because of these emerging trends in our Ghanaian society, it has become crucial and relevant for us to reignite the insightful meanings of these symbols into our Ghanaian societies and what they stand for in our day to day activities as humans. The adinkra symbols have rich cultural relevance in pre-modern times, modern times and post-modern times. The symbol Nyàmé ǹwú nà màwù, simply means “God never dies, therefore I shall not die”. This gives hope and assurance to people even as it inspires them of their human existence. Literature from scholars who have written extensively on the subject were reviewed. Philosophical and sociological implications were drawn from these literatures in bid of applying them to human existence and living. It has been realized that this symbol serves as a way of communicating. It is therefore encouraged by the study that these adinkra symbols particularly Nyàmé ǹwú nà màwù, should be used often in our local and traditional settings in order to inspire our society and the generations to come to have that hope and confidence in their existence that so far as God exists and not dead, they also exist. By doing this, as a country our youth and people would be motivated to work hard to promote national development because these symbols and their meanings redefine their human existence and inspire them to aspire.
Inauthenticity in Development: A Philosophical Study of Nigerian Unsustainable Development (Published)
Every sustainable development rests on the indigenous valuable industries and institutions. It is these industries and institutions that foster indigenous productions and export of goods and services. These industries and institutions are products of indigenous scientific knowledge, theorem and technology which are authentic basis of sustainable development. Thus, inconsistency with the indigenous traditional scientific and technological feats amounts to inauthentic and unsustainable development which is the trouble with Nigeria. Hence, 57 seven years after independence, Nigerian is still laden with poor achievements, consumerism and collapse of public institutions and structures. Such unsustainable development has in recent time enhanced unemployment, poverty, hardship, death, agitation, militancy and instability. Against this backdrop, this paper analytically examines the rationale behind Nigerian unsustainable development, its philosophical foundation and implications. It as well proffers axiological solutions to the incessant inauthentic and unsustainable development in Nigeria. The research however finds that inauthentic development is Nigerian conspicuous predicament and the bedrock of her unsustainable development. This is as most areas of her development do not derive from her cultural values, productions and services. Worst still, most incorporated foreign feats do not also cohere with her indigenous autochthonous nature and personhood. The paper therefore concludes that indigenous environment and culture provide people with a base for development as well as valuable materials that can sustainably be developed. As such, sustainable development can only occur when it is built from and on the existent traditional values, needs, productions, services and materials.
The sanctity of human life is commonly adjudged as placing great moral burden on man. On this premise, some philosophers opined that man has no right to terminate his life. While others argued that having received life as a gift, man has the right to reject the gift when he perceives that there is no value in remaining alive. This could be due to grave illness or other forms of dissatisfaction. There are various arguments presented both in favour and against suicide by these proponents. Notable among the protagonists are some philosophers. The study therefore, seeks to examine the philosophical perceptions of suicide and implications on the sanctity of human life. The writer applied philosophical, sociological and historical research methodology in his investigation. It is recommended that man should not necessary see suicide as the right option for escaping the vicissitudes of life, which are often likely to confront man. On the other hand, it is a tremendous moral burden on man if he decides to terminate his life since he would be depriving those he could have supported, both financially and morally. The study also recommended that man should uphold the sanctity of life, as life is a gift from God. Man cannot give life and not justified to also take life, the study argued.