Socially division of human being into male or female is gender. Therefore, gender is about men and women. Unfortunately, gender differentiation is very common in a patriarchal set up where one group of people feels superior while the other is deemed inferior, anatomically weak and subordinate. However, the term itself is quite controversial, especially among peace and conflict managers. This paper therefore, examines gender issues and violence, such as sexual harassment, forceful marriage, women genital mutilation, trafficking in women, physical torture, discriminating, etc., against women in Nigeria in general and particularly Akwa Ibom State. The study adopted qualitative research and documentary method of data collection. Its revealed that, their families and friends may be affected in the case of intimate partner violence, there is increasing evidence of the negative impact on children of exposure to violence in the family. Society suffers economically, both in the use of resources and in the loss of productivity due to fear and injury. It recommended among others that government should organize workshops and seminars in both urban and rural areas. Also non-governmental organizations should make wider their sensitization projects to the rural areas through electronic and print media. to ensure that the awareness of violence against women permeates the grassroots, and endeavour to work with Ministry of Social Welfare and Woman Affairs.
Predicting Big-Five Personality Traits Relation with Employees’ Engagement in Public Sector in Egypt (Published)
The objective of this study is to identify the relationship between personality five traits and employee Engagement of the employee in the public sector in Egypt. The study applied standardized questionnaire in developing two scales; one to measure the personality trait was adapted from (Goldberg, 1993) and Rich (2006). Correlation, regression and coefficient analysis conducted to investigate the effect of Big-Five personality on employees’ JE and its dimensions. The result of this research study shows that there were positive relationships between Big-Five personality traits and EE dimensions. The traits of personality as Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience were significantly related. Open to experience significant positively to physical engagement. However, Neuroticism not significant with emotional engagement. Agreeableness and open to experiences are significant with emotional engagement. Extroversion and neuroticism moderately and significantly with congintive enagement.
A Predictor Become Dysfunctional: An Investigation of the Effect of Workload on the Relationship between Personality and OCB (Published)
Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is a topic that has been widely addressed in management research during the past decade, as many have suggested that OCB’s have a crucial role in the success of an organization. Further understanding the nature of its relationship to individual and job context factors allow practitioners to facilitate such behaviors within their organizations. Although certain personality traits are more inclined to exhibit OCB, their capacity to do so is likely to depend on their level of workload. Therefore, to further extend the development of the nomological network associated with OCB, personality factors and the moderating role of workload to this relationship was examined. A stratified sample size of two hundred employees from diverse organizations have been selected. Results of the hierarchical regression analysis revealed that personality traits strongly related to OCBs and the workload negatively interacted to significantly predict OCBs. The results support theory that links personality factors and workload would demonstrates the interactive effect of workload and personality traits in predicting OCB, suggesting that these factors are likely important factors that could be examined in job design efforts to enhance OCB. The moderating role of the workload is demonstrated as a new contribution of this study. Implications of findings and areas for future research also discussed.
The study investigated the relationship between teachers’ personality traits and their desired leadership styles in the Cape Coast Metropolis of Ghana. The descriptive survey design was used for the study with a total of 417 employees randomly selected from five secondary schools in the metropolis. Results indicate that all the five personality traits had significant positive relationship with transformational leadership style, with conscientiousness having the strongest relationship and neuroticism the weakest. Thus conscientious teachers have higher preference for transformational leadership than employees of the other personality traits. Neuroticism had the strongest positive relationship with transactional leadership style among the other traits. Agreeableness and openness also had significant (weak) positive relationship with transactional leadership style. Conscientiousness however did not have significant relationship, with extraversion relating negatively with transactional leadership style. It was recommended that school managers should endeavour to know the traits of their subordinates and apply the appropriate leadership styles when dealing with them to bring about good interpersonal relationship and satisfaction at the workplace.
COMPATIBILITY OF PERSONALITY TRAITS WITH THE PROFESSION FOR FACULTY OF NURSING STUDENTS AT ASSIUT UNIVERSITY (Published)
Personality traits are major effective factors on learning approaches, educational achievements, employer’s job satisfaction and quality of care. This study aimed to investigate the compatibility of personality traits with the profession for Faculty of Nursing students at Assiut University. The descriptive research design was used on (307) first year nursing students. A self- administered questionnaire: was used to elicit the needed information. It comprised of the socio-demographic data sheet and Eysenck personality inventory. The main results indicated that the majority were single and their mothers were housewives and more than half aged 18 years old. The dominant personality among female students was neuroticism and extraversion. On the opposite, lie was the dominant personality among male students. Around two thirds of female students’ was compatible with the nursing profession, but only one third of male students’ was compatible. This study recommended that the Dean of Faculty of Nursing, Assiut university should include this personality test among the nursing entrance admission tests in order to select the best students those compatible with nursing profession. This could improve the quality of patient care.