Impact of Personal Characteristics and Environmental Factors on Librarians in University Libraries in Nigeria (Published)
This paper seeks to identify the personal and environmental characteristics of librarians in Nigeria. It also investigates the impact of personal characteristics of librarians on structured jobs within the library environment.The survey used questionnaires to gather data from 216 samples in federal, state and private university libraries in Nigeria. A total of 250 questionnaires were distributed physically and online over a period of four months. Respondents were requested to choose a position on a five-point scale.The study showed that the perceived personal characteristics of Librarians are interrelated and can be used to appraise the personality traits and impact on self-delivery. Librarians in Nigerian universities demonstrate distinctive personality qualities that align with established professional knowledge, organizational/environmental, and social factors.The study has implications for librarians, library information professionals, and library management. Librarians should attain a high level of self-development and a higher level of reasoning. To avoid lapses, librarians should develop effective personal attributes related to conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness that enhance the meaningful application of the traits for many assigned jobs.
Keywords: librarians; personality; non-cognitive skills; soft skills; environmental competencies, personal characteristics
Economic Situation of Internally displaced persons at South Darfur State (Published)
This article was conducted at South Darfur State, Sudan, to evaluate the internally displaced persons (IDP’s) economic condition in displacement camps. It was aimed to illustrate how IDP’s economic condition was positively or negatively affected by recent Darfur conflict, through determining the economic activities that adopted by IDPs. A random sample consisted of 384 individuals was performed to collect the primary data through questionnaire, as the main data collection tool. The collected data were analyzed by frequency distribution and Chi-square test, using SPSS program. The study raised numbers of results such as; the majority (71.4%) of respondents have access to work, but most (63.4%) of them had impermanent jobs. Agriculture was the public economic activity for 56.2% of respondents. Most (70.7%) of respondents depend on private work for earning income, and 15.4% have official governmental jobs. Private work includes; agriculture, trade, Craft work and domestic work, respectively. Most (85.2%) of respondents lived under 1000 SDG income. There were significant relationships between joining to economic activities and personal characteristics, including; sex, age, education and marital status. To reduce the IDP’s economic vulnerability, it recommended that the implementation of educational and training activities is necessary for improving IDP’s capacity building to ensure economic diversification, and improving agricultural development by Performing effective agricultural development programs including; agricultural inputs, finance, extension work, to enhance effective joining to market production
Keywords: Displacement, Income Generating Activities, economic activities, personal characteristics