The Perceptions of the Khwe (San) Community at Bwabwata on the Importance and Influence of Formal Education (Published)
The Khwe (san) people had settled in Bwabwata long before the late 18th century when other Bantu groups began settling in the area. The aim of this article is to examine the perception of the Khwe Community at Bwabwata on the importance and influence of formal education. This article was guided by these questions. What is the origin of the Khwe people of Bwabwata? What are the perception of the Khwe Community at Bwabwata on the importance and influence of formal education? What are your suggestions on how to overcome the challenges facing the Khwe community at Bwabwata on education attainment? Qualitative research approach was used and data was collected using face-to-face individual and group interviews. The major findings were as follows. The Khwe people first settled in Bwabwata and latter migrated to Botswana and returned again to settle in Bwabwata and other areas. Other findings are that some Khwe regards formal education as important and this group have sent their children and relatives to attain even higher education. Another group, even though regards formal education as important, cite the challenges faced by the Khwe at Bwabwata that have made it difficult for them to reap the benefits of formal education. The challenges faced by this group of Khwe include poverty, nomadic lifestyle, early marriages and teenage pregnancy. No network and electricity were also raised as additional challenges
Knowledge, Behaviour and Perception of the Traders Toward’s Receiving Covid-19 Vaccine in Lapai Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria (Published)
This study sought to find out the knowledge, behaviour and perception of traders towards receiving Covid-19 vaccine in Lapai local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Accidental sampling was used to sample 200 respondents in Lapai daily markets. A self-developed questionnaire was used as research instrument to sample 200 respondents. Descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentages and mean were used to analyse the research questions. Chi-square goodness-of-fit test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The majority of traders had adequate knowledge of Covid-19 (c2= 122.280; p <0.05), and conformed moderately to Covid-19 guideline protocol (c2= 18.320; p <0.05). Findings further revealed that there was negative perception of traders in embracing Covid-19 vaccine (c2= 45.880; p <0.05).The perceptions of traders generally were negative and not conforming with Covid-19 guideline protocols and they were not welcoming the vaccine, as they believed it may have side effect after receiving it. Traders concluded that only same vaccine received by the president of Nigeria will be accepted by them. The study recommends amongst others that traders must be enlightened to have adequate knowledge on the virus in other to change their negative behaviours to conform to COVID-19 guideline protocols. The importance of vaccination to the traders and its long time benefits must be emphasized to have Covid-19 free country.
Particular Admission Test and Perception on Assessment Method: Does it Influence the Academic Performance in Problem-Based Learning of Medical Course? (Published)
Academic performance has an essential impact in predicting the success of an educational program. This study was performed to identify the impact particular admission test and student perception on assessment method to academic performance in term of grade point average (GPA). A cross-sectional study design was conducted on 158 medical students at University of Islam Bandung to participate in taking a quantitative survey. A questionnaire was adapted from a student perception of assessment questionnaire (SPAQ). Data analysis used the Chi-square test and Mann Whitney test. The majority of students have a good perception of the assessment method (88.6%). Admission test through special interest and abilities influence academic achievement with a p-value of 0.004. The assessment system is quite effective in assessing the learning outcome. This is due to the perception of the assessment method is more related to student learning approaches than academic achievement.
Perception is arguably one of the most contentious issues in epistemology or the theory of knowledge. It is in fact considered a fulcrum of the discourse as it appears to encapsulate the different thought patterns as to the explanation of how epistemological agents encounter and extract basic bodies of knowledge from the world as it is. Different theories have however been put forward in the explanation of how perception translates to a true, justified belief of the external world, ourselves and extra sensory states. This paper is therefore a review of some of the prominent theories of perception. It also analyses some of the fundamental propositions of the theories in the process of knowing and justifying what is known. It concludes that the theories are rather, more complimentary than divergent since perception can either be sensory or introspective.
Examination of Landlords’ Perception of Estate Surveyors and Values as Property Managers (A Case Study of Awka, Anambra State) (Published)
The study examined landlords’ perception of Estate Surveyors and Valuers as property managers in Awka, Anambra State. The study addressed the following objectives: to examine landlords’ perception of Estate Surveyors and Valuers as property managers in the study area, to examine landlords’ perception of lawyers and other non-professionals as property managers in the study area and, to determine the extent to which landlord’s in the study area are informed about the professional roles of Estate Surveyors and Valuers as property managers. The study made use of well-structured questionnaires as its primary source of data. A total of 150 questionnaires were distributed out of which a total of 102 were retrieved. The data collected were duly presented in frequency and percentage tables and analyzed using the Chi-square test method to validate the hypotheses. The study revealed that landlords in Awka perceive Estate Surveyors and Valuers as trained professionals in the field of property management. However, they also perceive lawyers as property managers and prefer them to manage their properties. Estate Surveyors and Valuers are therefore enjoined to enlighten the public more on who Estate Surveyors and Valuers are and their functions using varous platforms such as social and other electronic media platforms, articles and journals; shun all forms of professional misconduct which can lead to distrust and doubts on their professional competence and also the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (NIESV) and the Estate Surveyors and Valuers Registration Board of Nigeria (ESVARBON) should reduce the rigorous processes required for one to become a professional Estate Surveyor and Valuer, as the number of professionals in practice still leaves much to be desired.
Influence of Characteristics and Perception on Usage of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) By Selected Extension Agents in Northern Nigeria (Published)
This paper presents the results of investigation into the influence of the perception of Village Extension Agents (VEAs)’ on usage of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in three selected States Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) of Nigeria. Two hundred and four (204) VEAs were sampled as respondents for the study. With aid of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) the data were analyzed and the descriptive statistics were used to present the results. Results of Multiple Linear Regression analysis revealed that usage of ICT was statistically and positively significant on: income (0.039*), sex (0.007**), accessibility to ICT (0.000***) and perception on custom/tradition (0.021*) and perception on availability of infrastructural facilities (0.047*). These variables, by implication, are factors that influenced the usage of ICT by the VEAs in the study areas.
Creating Safety Cultures among University Administrators: A Case Study of the University Of Education, Winneba, Ghana (Published)
Safety culture is shared and accepted attitudes, beliefs and practices supported by documented policies and procedures in an organization which influences employees’ perceptions and behaviors within a workplace. Analysis of safety culture is important in institutions in order to identify potential areas of improvement. The objective of this study was to evaluate safety culture amongst administrators in UEW. Fifty respondents comprising 10 senior members, 10 senior staff and 30 junior staff participated in this study. Data was collected through self administered questionnaires. The results recorded low perceptions and awareness levels, lack of adequate safety training and non existence of safety reward schemes amongst the administrative group. Based on these results the study recommends an improvement in employees’ safety perception and satisfaction leading to an enhancement of safety culture.
Colleague’s Perceptions of Female Managers of National Vocation Trainiing Institutions (NVTIS): A Case Study in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Published)
The study investigated the perception of instructors of National Vocational Training Institutes (NVTIs) about female managers and stereotypical beliefs and perceptions that affect women participation in leadership in NVTIs in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The population of the study comprises the instructors of ST. Mary Vocational Training Institute Asamankese, Abetefi Vocational Training Institute and Anum Presbyterian Vocational Training Institute in 2016/2017 academic year.This research employed quantitative research approach in the data collection and analyses of responses. Data collected from the survey were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies and mean scores. The findings of the study revealed that NVTIs’ instructors held the views that female heads do not accept other people views, female heads are less corrupt and are weak in decisions making. They also lack self-confidence in leadership and are not courageous. The study also revealed that stereotypical beliefs and perception affects women participation in leadership roles in NVTIs institutions in the Eastern Region. Recommendations were made based on the findings of the study.
Perception and Uptake of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test among Caregivers of Under-Five in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria (Published)
The launch of RDT is hoped to enable in reducing the rate of presumptive treatment of malaria. However, simply making RDTs available has not led to high uptake of the test, in light of this, it is crucial to understand the perception of RDT and its uptake among caregivers concerning the treatment of malaria in under five children, therefore the aim of the study was to determine the perception and uptake of rapid diagnostic test in the treatment of malaria among care givers of under five children in Owerri West Local Government. Descriptive study was employed and a multi stage cluster and systematic sampling techniques was used to select 420 respondents in the LGA. The Instrument for data collection was structured pre- tested questionnaire which was administered by trained researcher after gaining informed consent from the respondents. Results of the study showed that more respondents were aged 30 -49 years 161 (38.3%), females 268 (63.8%), Married 216 (51.4%), Primary education 126 (63.8%) and civil servant was 196 (46%) respectively. Perception of malaria RDT showed that 175 (41.7%) respondents were of the opinion that mRDT was useful, 102 (24.3%) not useful, 101 (24%) dangerous while 16 (2.8%) felt it was not good. Malaria RDT uptake indicated that majority of the respondents 223 (53.1%) did not know about RDT and 215 (51.2%) did not carry out mRDT test. 300 (73.8%) indicated that malaria rapid diagnostic test is not very useful and 373 (88.8%) of caregivers were of the opinion that mRDTs w ere expensive. From the study it is evident that the perception of malaria rapid diagnostic is negative and low, therefore sensitization of the caregivers about mRDTs will be of benefit.
Exposure to “Abrahamic Mission” Television Program and its Influence on peoples’ Attitude towards Religious Tolerance in Nigeria (Published)
Drawing from series of literature on ethno-religious crisis and use of media in managing or encouraging ethno-religious and political crises in Nigeria, this study ventured into exposing the Nigerian citizens’ reaction to media attempt into inculcating religious tolerance as the attitude for a better Nigeria. The study which was based on an inter-religious tolerance media program adopted the use of survey and interview in studying 300 respondents sampled across the three religious groups in Anambra State using voluntary and purposive sampling techniques. The study was based on the social responsibility and social exchange theories of mass communication. Among the specific objectives of the study are to ascertain the respondents frequency of exposure, their perception of the program and whether their exposure to the program encouraged them to tolerate all other religions in the country. Findings revealed that the program does not command attitudinal change among the citizens because political leaders’ mode of power and resource distribution does not suggest that Nigeria is one. It was concluded that until the mass media learn to hold the government accountable, the country will forever remain in ethno-religious and political crises because of height of inequality of different magnitudes. The study therefore, recommended that there must be a sincere paradigm shift from the capitalist order of winner takes all to a liberal order embedded in true federalism anchored on ‘exclusive’ fairness to all irrespective of region or ethnic origin.
Female Students’ Participation in Mathematics Education at the University Level in Ghana (Published)
For more than three decades now, a great body of research studies have been conducted to address the issue of gender disparities in mathematics education across the globe as a result of the minimal participation of females in mathematics education in higher levels of education. The primary purpose of this study, however, was to investigate female students’ participation in mathematics education at the university level. It considered 99 female students’ studying mathematics education from the University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The study used descriptive survey design to analyse both qualitative and quantitative data gathered from respondents. The study revealed among other things that the trend of enrolment of female students’ in mathematics education is on the decline. Also, the study revealed that enjoyment derived from studying mathematics education, career opportunities in mathematics education, desire to study mathematics education, interest in mathematics education, were some of the reasons why female students participate in mathematics education. The assertion that mathematics is a male domain subject was not a perception of female mathematics education students who participated in this study. Conclusions, implications and recommendations are further discussed in the work.
Tutors’ Perception about Teacher Trainees’ Appraisal of Tutors’ Performance as Part of Quality Teaching and Learning in the Colleges of Education in Ghana (Published)
The study intended to explore the perception of the college tutors about the performance appraisal of tutors by the student teachers as part of quality teaching and learning in the Colleges of Education in Ghana as well as improving the tutors’ performance and development. . Sixty seven (67) tutors were randomly selected from three Colleges of Education to constitute the sample for the study. A questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. The study found that college tutors generally acknowledged the relevance of performance appraisal to their job goals and development. Secondly, college tutors perceived performance appraisal feedback as irregular and unconstructive and did not reflect their actual performance. Thirdly, college tutors perceived the performance appraisal processes as being unfair because they were left out in the discussion of the assessment procedures claiming that performance appraisal by the student teachers alone is not enough, Fourthly, college tutors perceived that the student teachers judgment were affected by hallo and horn effect. Last but not least, college tutors somehow did not take their performance appraisal by the student teachers alone very seriously. It was recommended that assessment procedures and items leading to appraising the performance of the college tutors should be discussed with them to enable them state their positions openly in order to satisfy their needs. Also, there should be the need for triangulation of the assessment processes leading to appraising the performance of the college tutors to ensure checks and balances as well as validity of the results. Finally, performance appraisal feedback should be made regular, constructive, fair and useful to enable college tutors receive and support the programme as genuinely helping them to improve their performance and development.
In contemporary times, researchers have recognized the crucial role of classroom assessment in school effectiveness and the realization of educational goals. Therefore, this study investigated Social Studies teachers’ perception of classroom assessment and the extent to which teachers’ demographic variables influence their perception of classroom assessment. The study utilized the sequential explanatory mixed method design which involved collecting and analyzing of both quantitative and qualitative data. With the purposive, and convenience sampling techniques, 65 Social Studies teachers were selected for the study. Questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide were the instruments used to collect data for the study. The quantitative data were analyzed using both descriptive (frequency, mean, standard deviation) and inferential (t-test, and ANOVA) statistics. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that even though Social Studies teachers held different perceptions of classroom assessment. They perceived classroom assessment as a means of improvement of teaching and le-arning more than students’ progress, and school accou-ntability. Additionally, apart from gender and rank the study revealed that age, academic qualification, and years of teaching experience influenced Social Studies teachers’ perception of the nature of classroom assessment. Therefore, it was recommended that the Ministry of Education and the Ghana Education Service through the Kwahu South Education Directorate should design and implement programmes to conscientize teachers on the need to develop and practice effective classroom assessment to their teaching. Finally, Social Studies teachers should be equipped with relevant knowledge on assessment through in-service training on the nature of classroom assessment and assist them (teachers) to develop and sustain effective classroom assessment in their schools so as to realize educational goals.
Uyo Residents’ Perception of Selected Newspaper Coverage of Gender-Based Violence in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined Uyo Residents’ Perception of Selected Newspaper Coverage of Gender-based violence in Nigeria. The study made use of survey method. Simple random sampling technique was used for the study and the sample size was determined using Taro Yamane’s formula. The sample size of the study was 400. From the findings, majority of the respondents (51.3%) were of the opinion that Daily Sun and Vanguard newspapers do not cover Gender-based violence issues frequently. Based on these findings, the study recommend that there is need to strategise ways that will facilitate the prominence of GBV stories in the newspapers (like putting GBV stories on the centre spread or front pages) where all genders are well covered and given prominence in order to aid readers in understanding the issues of GBV.
Perception Analysis and Consumer Behaviour on Purchasing Shell Helix Lubricate Oil Product by Pt. Tira Wira Usaha (Published)
At present most companies not only produce products and sell them, but switch to consumers to meet their needs and wants. Environmental factors, technological developments and corporate competition will affect the value and consumer satisfaction towards the products offered. Marketing is a social and managerial process whereby individuals and groups get their needs and wants by creating, offering and exchanging something of value to each other. Products are things that can be offered to the market to be noticed, obtained, used or consumed that can meet the wants or needs of consumers.Consumer’s age of Shell Helix lubricants varies in meaning that can be used by all ages and the most user of Shell Helix lubricants are aged 26 – 30 years. Consumer perceptions towards product attributes on consumer behaviour towards Shell Helix lubricant oil purchasing turns out to have a significant effect.
Alternative Options in Building Workers’ Incentives: Effects On Job Satisfaction and Performance in Local Context (Published)
Incentives are motivators and highly critical in determining positive feelings and work behaviour in different contexts and satisfaction often depends on its relevance to felt needs of workers. The uncritical adoption of foreign schemes in local contexts has distanced reward strategies from employees’ needs and demands alternative strategies. The study tested innovative incentives and relationships with satisfaction and performance of employees in a local enterprise using 50 participants (74% males). A reliable instrument, aggregate α=0.74 was used to gather information and inferential statistics used for analysis. Inferential statistics were used to run the analysis. Results of the study showed that traditional and nontraditional incentives significantly determine employee job satisfaction, (p < 0.01). With regards to effects on performance, traditional incentive was significant, (p < 0.01), while nontraditional incentive failed to predict performance. Although results suggested that traditional and nontraditional incentives remain key determinants of satisfaction, only traditional incentives could influence performance. The test of positive feelings as a factor in performance was highly significant. The paper, therefore, suggests that additional studies should be carried out in order to validate the innovative model for best practices in incentives design and administration in local contexts.
Social Studies Pre- Service Teachers and their Lecturers Perception of Social Studies Apps in teaching Social Studies in the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria (Published)
The aim of this descriptive study is to illustrate how University of Port Harcourt Social Studies Pre-Service teachers and their lecturers perceive the use of SOS App to enhance teaching and learning. The study made use of Social Studies Post National Certificate of Education (NCE), Master of Education (MEd) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Students of the University of Port Harcourt Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of the five PhD students of 2015/2017 set, fifteen MEd students of 2015/2016 and two hundred and three Post NCE students of 2014/2015 set, five Social Studies Lecturers, and five lecturers that also teach Social Studies courses. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of one hundred (101) post NCE students from the population, but the total population of PhD, MEd and lecturers were used. A questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Information gathered from the field were decoded and tallied, and the frequency counts determined. Percentage scores were computed. Tables were constructed in respect of the demands of the respective research questions. The result of the study indicated the following among other thing; both students and teachers except the Post NCE students are aware of SOS Apps and its importance in enhancing Social Studies content, they have similar challenges of low level of knowledge and skill in technology. The researcher therefore recommended that both Social Studies teachers and preservice teachers should be encouraged to use technology in their classrooms through motivation, constant and consistent training.
This research is a qualitative research which aims to obtain various information and actual data about people’s perceptions of traditional pesantren education development in Aceh provision, as well as to explore information and ideas of the community towards the pesantren learning system, community opinion on the policies and support of the Aceh government and big aceh to pontren-pontren in Seulimeum aceh sub-district is big, and at the same time to explore and study internal and external factors that become supporters and inhibitors in conducting guidance on traditional pesantren educational institutions. The results of the study can show that: With the assistance program for the development of pontren development carried out by the Aceh government, the pontren education institutions can reorganize the formation of pesantren education in accordance with the expectations of society, so that traditional pesantren can progress according to the demands of the times. Learning that is done in pontren and life-long education conducted in traditional pesantren, Seulimeum subdistrict, can realize the intelligence and maturity of thinking of students. The various policies and support that the Aceh government has given to pontren, this can be motivated by the community to set up huts and prayer halls. With the availability of sufficient teaching staff in the Pontrenia and the establishment of good relations between the pesantren institutions and the Aceh government and the big Aceh and the good socio-economic conditions of the students, these conditions can support the formation of traditional mentoring education. Especially with regard to the lack of available facilities for some pontren in the big Seulimeum Aceh district and the weak condition of some socio-economic santri can hamper the formation of the pontren in question.
Perception of Teachers in Regular Schools towards Inclusive Education in Tano South District, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana (Published)
This paper examines the extent of awareness of teachers on the concept of inclusive education, the perception teachers have on inclusive education and the perceived effects of inclusive education in the public basic schools towards the implementation of inclusive education in the Tano South District in Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. Three research questions were formulated. Survey approach was adopted using questionnaire as the main data collection instrument. Forty (40) head teachers and one hundred and eighty five (185) teachers were selected from forty (40) basic schools for the study. In all, a total of two hundred and twenty two (225) teachers and head teachers were randomly selected across the district and questionnaires administered to them. The questionnaires were semi-structured. Data was captured and analyzed. The results presented in tables showed that most teachers and head teachers in Tano South District were aware of the concept of inclusive education but have no understanding on how the concept works. Teachers and head teachers alike disagreed inclusion of special needs children in regular classroom increase the child’s circle of friends, limit the child’s level of education or make a child well-adjusted socially among others. However, when the concept is implemented it would come with some benefits in the area of increase in the child’s circle of friends, limits the child’s level of education and also make a child well-adjusted socially. The study recommended that; teachers in regular basic schools in Tano South District be educated on the issues of the new policy of inclusive education concept. This, Ghana education service can achieve by organizing workshops at the district levels as well as regional levels for basic level teachers. Conscious effort should be made to make it visible and available to the schools in the district. Necessary equipment and instructional resources should be put in place for successful implementation of inclusive education
Perception of Teachers on the Effectiveness of In-Service Education and Training at the Basic Schools in Akatsi District of Ghana (Published)
This study sought to investigate the perception of teachers on the effectiveness of in-service education and training (INSET) at the basic schools in Akatsi South District of Ghana. It also sought to find out how often in-service training programmes were organized in the district and how effective the training programme were. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used in carrying out the investigation using a sample of 60 teachers in Akatsi District of Ghana. Also, stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used in selecting the respondents. The main instruments for data collection were questionnaire and interview. The study revealed that majority of the teachers perceived or rated INSET programmes organized for them as being adequate and very effective with regards to teaching and learning in the district. On the other hand, most of the head-teachers (70%) debunk the assertion made by the teachers that INSET programmes were very effective with regard to teaching and learning in the district. They were of the view that most teachers who attend in-service training did not perform effectively in their work with regard to understanding pupils’ errors, enhancing teachers’ knowledge, preparing effective lesson notes, selection and use of appropriate TLMs and interpreting the curriculum concerning teaching and learning in the district. It was recommended among others that the organizers of in-service training programmes in Akatsi district look for qualified instructors who understand the needs of the teachers to handle the various subject areas during INSET programmes and place more emphasis on the professional skill development aspect of the teacher.