Peer Pressure, Home and School Factors Predisposing Secondary School Student to Indiscipline in Bwari Area Council Abuja, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated peer pressure, home, and school factors predisposing secondary school students to indiscipline in the Bwari area council of Abuja. A descriptive survey research design of correlation type was adopted for the study. The total population consisted of all secondary school students in the study area, 250 students were sampled for the study, using a simple random sampling technique. Five research questions were raised and answered. Two self-constructed research instruments were used for the study; the first is titled Predisposing Factors to Indiscipline Questionnaire (PFIQ) and Student Indiscipline Questionnaire (SIQ), and the two instruments yielded 0.84 and 0.81 reliability coefficients respectively. The result revealed that stealing and Smuggling mobile phones to school are common indiscipline acts among secondary school students. There is significant relationship between home factor and student indiscipline (r = .316 p< 0.05), there is negative but significant relationship between peer influence and student indiscipline (r =-0.193 p< 0.05), there is a significant relationship between School factor and teacher Student indiscipline (r = .232, p< 0.05.) and home factor, peer influence, and School factor was jointly contributed to indiscipline in senior secondary school (F(250) =14.856, p= 0.000.). Based on the findings, the study concluded that factors that predispose senior secondary students to indiscipline in the Bwari Area council Abuja are home factor, peer influence, and school factor. The researcher recommended that Stakeholders should make sure that both home and school factors surrounding students are highly positive to influence their lives and raise disciplined students in our society.
Peer Influence and Parental Neglect as Predictors of Tantrum Behaviour among Pupils with Dyscalculia in Benin Edo State (Published)
When pupils with learning disability are confronted with academic challenges they cannot comprehend, they often become frustrated, confused and helpless. This development could make them express low self-esteem, be anxious and throw tantrums. This characterizes the behaviour of pupils experiencing learning disability in Mathematics (dyscalculia). Therefore, this study investigated peer influence and parental neglect as predictors of tantrum behaviour among children with dyscalculia in Benin Edo State Nigeria. Through the use of descriptive survey research design, two research questions were answered and data collected from one hundred and sixty randomly selected primary six pupils in twenty randomly selected public schools in Benin City. Using their Mathematics cumulative cognitive scores of three consecutive examination records and two validated instruments, analysis of data was done using the multiple regression statistical tools. The result revealed that peer influence and parental neglect made a joint contribution of 23% variance on tantrum behaviour among pupils with dyscalculia. The result of the study further revealed that peer influence and parental neglect has predictive influence on tantrum behaviour of dyscalculia pupils. Therefore it was recommended that teachers should use teaching methods that would take care of pupil’s individual differences. Through this measure, pupils with learning disability in mathematics would be able to rediscover their potentials and ability to succeed in school.
Education is one of the most important factors in producing human resource that is necessary for economic development of a country. The quality of educational system of any country may reflect the development attempts to be made in social, economic and political aspects. Furthermore, in this era of globalization and technological revolution, education is considered as a first step for every human activity. Indeed, education in higher institution can be influenced by some many factors these variables are inside and outside school that affect students’ quality of academic achievement or academic performance. These factors may be termed as student factors, family factors, school factors and peer factors. The main objective of this study is to identify the major determinants or factors which influence the academic performance of students at Wolaita Sodo University (WSU). Out of 6,553 students a sample of 367 students was taken from 38 departments of Wolaita Sodo University using stratified random sampling with proportional allocation to size. Both secondary a well as primary sources of data were used through student filled questionnaire. To estimate the effect of the socio-economic, demographic variables, academic motivation, academic self-concept, environmental factors and psychological factors on academic performance (achievement) were considered. The cross tabulation with Chi-square test and binary logistic regression were employed to analyze the data. The result of cross tabulation with Chi-square test show that age, study outside class, amount of money received from family and first choice of department have significant association with academic performance at 5% level of significance. Also the result of the logistic regression analysis revealed that preparing time table, father’s education level, peer influence; combining ideas and good life later on (motivation) have a significant relation with academic performance at 5% level of significance. It can be concluded that to increase and improve students’ academic performance some crucial steps regarding securing first choice of department and advising about peer influence should be taken into consideration. It can be recommended that the university should set programs to strength self-concept to make them confident on their potential